2014-16 Academic Catalog
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Department of Biology

(College of Humanities, Arts and Sciences)

www.biology.uni.edu

The Department of Biology offers the following undergraduate and graduate programs. Specific requirements for these programs are listed within this Department of Biology section in the following order:

Undergraduate Major (B.S.)

  • Biology

Undergraduate Majors (B.A.)

  • Biology
  • Biology: Biomedical Emphasis
  • Biology: Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology Emphasis
  • Biology-Teaching
  • Combined B.A./M.S. or B.S./M.S. Program Biology

Minors

  • Biology
  • Biology-Teaching

Graduate Major (M.S.)

  • Biology

Graduate Majors (P.S.M.)

  • Biotechnology
  • Ecosystem Management

Major programs are offered by the Department of Biology in two baccalaureate  areas: the Bachelor of Arts and the Bachelor of Science. The Bachelor of Science degree is recommended for most students preparing for graduate study in biology. The Bachelor of Arts degree provides a choice among several tracks depending upon student interest and/or career plans.

Note: Students should submit their declaration of a biology major early in their college programs. This will permit them to plan their major courses with a department advisor to avoid future conflicts. Transfer students with previous courses in biology, zoology, or botany must have transfer courses evaluated to avoid duplication and possible loss of credit. Decisions regarding UNI major courses and transfer credits should be approved by the department head or advisor.

Academic Standard Policy 

Majors

  1. Students should indicate their interest in majoring in biology by filling out a Declaration of Curriculum form any time after their admission to UNI.
  2. A student's freshman year shall be devoted primarily to completing the required course work in general biology (BIOL 2051 (840:051) General Biology: Organismal Diversity and BIOL 2052 (840:052) General Biology: Cell Structure and Function ) and chemistry (CHEM 1110 (860:044) General Chemistry I and CHEM 1120 (860:048) General Chemistry II , or CHEM 1130 (860:070) General Chemistry I-II ). Liberal Arts Core and/or math classes should be taken by students to complete their schedules.
  3. Students must receive a grade of C- (1.67) or higher in courses that are applied to their major. Prior to enrollment in a course, all prerequisites must be completed with a C- (1.67) or higher.
  4. Students with ACT mathematics scores below 24 are required to complete either (MATH 1140 (800:046) Precalculus ) or (MATH 1120 (800:056) Mathematics for Biological Sciences ) with a grade of C- (1.67) or higher before they can graduate with a biology major.
  5. If a student drops a course after the first seven days of classes, in the subsequent semester they will only be allowed to register for that course after all advanced registration is completed.
  6. To graduate from UNI with a biology major, students must have both a cumulative and a major UNI GPA of 2.50 or higher, with a grade of C- (1.67) or higher in all courses that are applied to the major.
  7. Transfer students entering UNI shall be subject to the acceptance requirements listed in #3.

Minors

To graduate from UNI with a biology minor, students must have both a cumulative and a minor UNI GPA of 2.50 or higher, with a grade of C- (1.67) or higher in all courses that are applied to the minor.

 

Bachelor of Science Degree Program

 

Emphasis-Honors Research

Students invited to do Honors Research will complete 4 credit hours of BIOL 3190 (840:190) Undergraduate Research in Biology and 1 credit hour of BIOL 3191 (840:191) Senior Thesis.

 

Biology Major

The B.S. Biology major requires a minimum of 126 total hours to graduate. This total includes Liberal Arts Core requirements and the following specified major requirements, plus electives to complete the minimum of 126 hours. 

The Bachelor of Science Biology major is designed to prepare students for careers in areas which require a higher degree of concentration in subject matter and cognate areas, particularly advanced-level courses. This degree is especially appropriate for students planning graduate study. In order to ensure graduation within eight semesters, students should work with advisors early in their programs, as advanced planning for sequenced courses is very important.

Course List

Required: *
Introductory track:
BIOL 2051 (840:051)General Biology: Organismal Diversity4
BIOL 2052 (840:052)General Biology: Cell Structure and Function4
BIOL 3100 (840:100)Evolution, Ecology and the Nature of Science **3
BIOL 3140 (840:140)Genetics **4
Biology:5-6
Undergraduate Research in Biology
Biostatistics
Cognate courses:
Mathematics:
MATH 1420 (800:060)Calculus I §4
Chemistry and Biochemistry: 16
General Chemistry I
General Chemistry II ***
Organic Chemistry I
Organic Chemistry II
Organic Chemistry Laboratory
Physics:
PHYSICS 1511 (880:054)General Physics I4
PHYSICS 1512 (880:056)General Physics II4
Electives in Biology: ^, †19-20
or
Calculus II
or
Biochemistry I
Total hours68

 

*

At least 7-8 hours of biology credit must be 100g/4000-level.

**

BIOL 3100 (840:100) Evolution, Ecology and the Nature of Science and BIOL 3140 (840:140) Genetics are not required as prerequisites for 100/3000-level courses.

***

Students with excellent preparation in chemistry may substitute CHEM 1130 (860:070) General Chemistry I-II plus 3 additional credit hours of biology electives for CHEM 1110 (860:044) General Chemistry I and CHEM 1120 (860:048) General Chemistry II.

^

Not more than four (4) semester hours of credit from BIOL 3179 (840:179) Cooperative Education, BIOL 3185 (840:185) Readings in Biology, BIOL 3190 (840:190) Undergraduate Research in Biology and BIOL 4198 (840:198) Independent Study will be accepted for biology elective credit.

100/3000-level or above, excluding BIOL 3101 (840:101) Anatomy and Physiology I.



Bachelor of Arts Degree Programs

 

Emphasis-Honors Research

Students invited to do Honors Research will complete 4 credit hours of BIOL 3190 (840:190) Undergraduate Research in Biology and 1 credit hour of BIOL 3191 (840:191) Senior Thesis.

 

Biology Major

The B.A. Biology major requires a minimum of 120 total hours to graduate. This total includes Liberal Arts Core requirements and the following specified major requirements, plus electives to complete the minimum of 120 hours. 

This major provides a broad training in biology but allows different specializations through choice of electives. Students who select this major to prepare themselves for graduate study in the biological sciences should consult with their advisor for elective courses. Field courses offered during the summer program at Iowa Lakeside Laboratory may be accepted for biology elective credit.

Required: *
Introductory track:
BIOL 2051 (840:051)General Biology: Organismal Diversity4
BIOL 2052 (840:052)General Biology: Cell Structure and Function4
BIOL 3100 (840:100)Evolution, Ecology and the Nature of Science **3
BIOL 3140 (840:140)Genetics **4
Cognate courses:
Mathematics:4-5
Select one of the following:
Trigonometry
   and Mathematics for Biological Sciences
Precalculus
Calculus I
Chemistry and Biochemistry: ***12-13
General Chemistry I
General Chemistry II
Organic Chemistry I
   and Organic Chemistry Laboratory
Applied Organic and Biochemistry
Earth Science/Physics (select one of the following):8
Introduction to Geology
   and Earth History
General Physics I
   and General Physics II
Electives in Biology: ^, †17-19
or
Organic Chemistry II
or
Biochemistry I
Total hours58

*

At least 7-8 hours of biology credit must be 100g/4000-level.

**

BIOL 3100 (840:100) Evolution, Ecology and the Nature of Science and BIOL 3140 (840:140) Genetics are not required as prerequisites for 100/3000-level courses.

***

Students with excellent preparation in chemistry may substitute CHEM 1130 (860:070) General Chemistry I-II plus 3 additional credit hours of biology electives for CHEM 1110 (860:044) General Chemistry I and CHEM 1120 (860:048) General Chemistry II.

^

Not more than four (4) semester hours of credit from BIOL 3179 (840:179) Cooperative Education, BIOL 3185 (840:185) Readings in Biology, BIOL 3190 (840:190) Undergraduate Research in Biology and BIOL 4198 (840:198) Independent Study will be accepted for biology elective credit.

100/3000-level or above, excluding BIOL 3101 (840:101) Anatomy and Physiology I.


Biology Major: Biomedical Emphasis

The B.A. Biology Major: Biomedical Emphasis requires a minimum of 120 total hours to graduate. This total includes Liberal Arts Core requirements and the following specified major requirements, plus electives to complete the minimum of 120 hours.

This major offers basic preparation to students for allopathic, osteopathic, chiropractic, pharmacy, physical therapy, dental, veterinary, optometric, podiatric and other health-related programs. In addition, it prepares students for graduate study in biomedical sciences, e.g., pharmacology, toxicology, pathology, physiology, cellular biology, and related areas. Students should seek advice and information early in their programs so that individual goals and specific additional requirements of some graduate and professional programs can be considered in curricular planning.

Required: *
Introductory track:
BIOL 2051 (840:051)General Biology: Organismal Diversity4
BIOL 2052 (840:052)General Biology: Cell Structure and Function4
BIOL 3100 (840:100)Evolution, Ecology and the Nature of Science **3
BIOL 3140 (840:140)Genetics **4
Anatomy group:4
Select one of the following:
Vertebrate Anatomy
Developmental Biology of Animals ^
Developmental Plant Anatomy
Physiology group:4
Select one of the following:
Comparative Animal Physiology
Plant Physiology
Vertebrate Physiology
Cellular group:4
Select one of the following:
Cell Biology
Developmental Biology of Animals ^
Immunology
Cognate courses:
Mathematics:4-5
Select one of the following:
Precalculus
Calculus I
Trigonometry
   and Mathematics for Biological Sciences
Chemistry and Biochemistry:16
General Chemistry I
   and General Chemistry II ***
Organic Chemistry I
Organic Chemistry II
Organic Chemistry Laboratory
Physics:
PHYSICS 1511 (880:054)General Physics I4
PHYSICS 1512 (880:056)General Physics II4
Electives selected from the following (consult with advisor):2-3
Biology:
Anatomy and Physiology II
Vertebrate Anatomy
Cancer and Emerging Infectious Diseases
General Microbiology
Field Zoology of Vertebrates
Entomology
Undergraduate Research in Biology
Comparative Animal Physiology
Plant Physiology
Cell Biology
Animal Behavior
Vertebrate Physiology
Evolutionary Biology
Virology
Developmental Biology of Animals
Immunology
Microbial Molecular Biology
Recombinant DNA Techniques
Biostatistics
Mammalogy
Ecology
Developmental Plant Anatomy
Chemistry and Biochemistry:
Biochemistry I
Total hours58

 

*

At least 7-8 hours of biology credit must be 100g/4000-level.

**

BIOL 3100 (840:100) Evolution, Ecology and the Nature of Science and BIOL 3140 (840:140) Genetics are not required as prerequisites for 100/3000-level courses.

***

Students with excellent preparation in chemistry may substitute CHEM 1130 (860:070) General Chemistry I-II plus 3 additional credit hours of biology electives for CHEM 1110 (860:044) General Chemistry I and CHEM 1120 (860:048) General Chemistry II.

^

BIOL 4146/5146 (840:146g) Developmental Biology of Animals cannot satisfy both requirements.

Biology Major: Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology Emphasis

The B.A. Biology Major: Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology Emphasis requires a minimum of 120 total hours to graduate. This total includes Liberal Arts Core requirements and the following specified major requirements, plus electives to complete the minimum of 120 hours. 

This emphasis provides training to students interested in organismal and/or ecological biology. With the guidance of a faculty advisor, students who wish to specialize further may follow one of four separate tracks: Ecology, Applied Ecology, Plant Sciences, or Zoology. This emphasis is appropriate for students interested in a career with private and governmental organizations conducting endangered species recovery, ecological restoration, biological surveys, toxicity evaluations, environmental impact analyses, field research, museum or herbarium curation, or who wish to work in zoos, nature centers, museums, or botanical gardens. This emphasis also provides suitable background for students wishing to pursue graduate degrees in animal behavior, botany, conservation biology, ecology, environmental toxicology, evolutionary biology, systematics, population biology, and zoology. Students should seek advice and information early in their programs so that individual goals and specific additional requirements of some graduate and professional programs can be considered in curricular planning. Field courses offered during the summer program at Iowa Lakeside Laboratory may be accepted for biology elective credit.

Required: *
Introductory track:15
General Biology: Organismal Diversity
General Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Evolution, Ecology and the Nature of Science **
Genetics **
Cognate courses:
Mathematics:4-5
Select one of the following:
Precalculus
Calculus I
Trigonometry
   and Mathematics for Biological Sciences
Chemistry and Biochemistry:12-13
General Chemistry I
   and General Chemistry II ***
Select one of the following:
Applied Organic and Biochemistry
Organic Chemistry I
   and Organic Chemistry Laboratory
Physical Science4
Introduction to Geology
General Physics I
Electives: select from the following (consult with advisor):21-23
Biology: ^
Applied Ecology and Conservation
Vertebrate Anatomy
Environmental Physiology
Invertebrate Zoology
Plant Diversity and Evolution
Field Zoology of Vertebrates
Entomology
Field Biology: ___________
Cooperative Education
Readings in Biology
Undergraduate Research in Biology
Wildlife Ecology and Management
Biodiversity Conservation Policy
Comparative Animal Physiology
Plant Physiology
Animal Behavior
Vertebrate Physiology
Evolutionary Biology
Biogeography and Origins of Diversity
Developmental Biology of Animals
Aquatic Ecology
Ecotoxicology
Biostatistics
Mammalogy
Plant Systematics
Conservation Biology
Ecology
Developmental Plant Anatomy
Fire Management in Ecosystems
Restoration Ecology
Independent Study
Earth Science/Geography:
Select one of the following:
Fossils and Evolution
Geographic Information Systems I
Soils and Landscapes
Total hours58

 

*

At least 7-8 hours of biology credit must be 100g/4000-level.

**

BIOL 3100 (840:100) Evolution, Ecology and the Nature of Science and BIOL 3140 (840:140) Genetics are not required as prerequisites for 100/3000-level courses.

***

Students with excellent preparation in chemistry may substitute CHEM 1130 (860:070) General Chemistry I-II plus 3 additional credit hours of biology electives for CHEM 1110 (860:044) General Chemistry I and CHEM 1120 (860:048) General Chemistry II.

^

Not more than four (4) semester hours of credit from BIOL 3179 (840:179) Cooperative Education, BIOL 3185 (840:185) Readings in Biology, BIOL 3190 (840:190) Undergraduate Research in Biology and BIOL 4198 (840:198) Independent Study will be accepted for biology elective credit.

Biology Major-Teaching (Extended Program)

The B.A. Biology-Teaching major requires a minimum of 131 total hours to graduate. This total includes Liberal Arts Core requirements, the Professional Education Requirements, and the following specified major requirements to complete the minimum of 131 hours.

The Biology Teaching major provides a broad education in biology. Along with professional education courses and student teaching, this curriculum is a sound preparation for teaching life science, biology, and other secondary science courses. This is an extended program requiring at least nine semesters; therefore, students should contact their advisors early in their program. This program is an excellent preparation for graduate work in biology or science education.

Required: *
Introductory track:15
General Biology: Organismal Diversity
General Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Evolution, Ecology and the Nature of Science **
Genetics **
Evolutionary Biology:3
Evolutionary Biology
Plant group:4
Select one of the following:
Plant Diversity and Evolution
Plant Physiology
Plant Systematics
Developmental Plant Anatomy
Animal group:4
Select one of the following:
Anatomy and Physiology II ***
Vertebrate Anatomy
Comparative Animal Physiology
Developmental Biology of Animals
Cellular group:4
Select one of the following:
General Microbiology
Cell Biology
Cognate courses:
Chemistry and Biochemistry:12
Applied Organic and Biochemistry
General Chemistry I
General Chemistry II ^
Earth Science:4
Earth History
Physics:4
General Physics I
Methods:
Science and Science Education:5
Current Technologies in Science Teaching
Orientation to Science Teaching
Biology:4
Undergraduate Practicum in Biology Teaching
Methods for Teaching Life Science
Electives in Biology: †‡4
Total Hours63

 

*

At least 7-8 hours of biology credit must be 100g/4000-level.

**

BIOL 3100 (840:100) Evolution, Ecology and the Nature of Science and BIOL 3140 (840:140) Genetics are not required as prerequisites for 100/3000-level courses.

***

Students who take BIOL 3101 (840:101) Anatomy and Physiology I will receive university elective credit.  BIOL 3102 (840:102) Anatomy and Physiology II will fulfill the Animal Group requirement.   BIOL 3102 (840:102) Anatomy and Physiology II cannot count as biology elective credit if used to fulfill the Animal Group requirement.

^

Students with excellent preparation in chemistry may substitute CHEM 1130 (860:070) General Chemistry I-II plus 3 additional credit hours of biology or chemistry electives for CHEM 1110 (860:044) General Chemistry I and CHEM 1120 (860:048) General Chemistry II.

Not more than four (4) semester hours of credit from BIOL 3179 (840:179) Cooperative Education, BIOL 3185 (840:185) Readings in Biology, BIOL 3190 (840:190) Undergraduate Research in Biology, and BIOL 4198 (840:198) Independent Study will be accepted for biology elective credit.

Combined B.A./M.S. or B.S./M.S. Program Biology

The B.A./M.S. or B.S./M.S. degree program is a five-year program offered on the thesis option only, leading to both the B.A./B.S. and M.S. degrees in biology. This program prepares students for doctoral graduate studies in biology and it provides training for work as a biologist in academic, industrial, and government laboratories. Students interested in this program can declare their intent by the end of the junior year, provided they have an overall grade point average (GPA) of 3.00 or above. An Application for Admission to Graduate Study should be completed and the student’s interest in the Combined B.A./M.S. or B.S./M.S. Program in Biology indicated on the application itself. Graduate information and an application for graduate admission can be found at www.grad.uni.edu/admission.

Once admitted to the program, undergraduate students (who are classified as seniors), may register for a maximum of 12 hours of graduate credit as a senior, with the approval of the student’s advisor, the instructor of the course(s), and the head(s) of the department(s) offering the course(s). See policies and procedures for Graduate Credit for Undergraduate Students. Actual admission to graduate study and classification as a graduate student commences the term after the student has completed the baccalaureate.

Refer to the M.S. Biology Major for program requirements.

Minors

Biology Minor

Required:
Introductory track:8
General Biology: Organismal Diversity
General Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Chemistry and Biochemistry:8
General Chemistry I
   and General Chemistry II *
Electives in Biology: **10-12
Total Hours26-28

 

*

Students with excellent preparation in chemistry may substitute CHEM 1130 (860:070) General Chemistry I-II plus 3 additional credit hours of biology electives for CHEM 1110 (860:044) General Chemistry I and CHEM 1120 (860:048) General Chemistry II.

**

100/3000/4000-level, excluding BIOL 3101 (840:101) Anatomy and Physiology I, BIOL 3179 (840:179) Cooperative Education, BIOL 3185 (840:185) Readings in Biology, BIOL 3190 (840:190) Undergraduate Research in Biology, and BIOL 4198 (840:198) Independent Study

Biology Minor-Teaching

The Biology Minor-Teaching provides for second endorsement approval by the Iowa Board of Educational Examiners and requires first endorsement approval (major) in another science discipline or general science.

Required:
Introductory track:15
General Biology: Organismal Diversity
General Biology: Cell Structure and Function
Evolution, Ecology and the Nature of Science *
Genetics *
Chemistry and Biochemistry:8
General Chemistry I
   and General Chemistry II **
Methods:
Science and Science Education:5
Current Technologies in Science Teaching
Orientation to Science Teaching
Biology:3
Methods for Teaching Life Science
Total Hours31

 

*

BIOL 3100 (840:100) Evolution, Ecology and the Nature of Science and BIOL 3140 (840:140) Genetics are not required as prerequisites for 100/3000-level courses.

**

Students with excellent preparation in chemistry may substitute CHEM 1130 (860:070) General Chemistry I-II plus 3 additional credit hours of biology electives for CHEM 1110 (860:044) General Chemistry I and CHEM 1120 (860:048) General Chemistry II.

 

Master of Science Degree Program

Major in Biology

This major is available for students seeking an extensive research experience. Students interested in enrolling in the program must submit a completed Application for Admission to Graduate Study and should refer to their MyUNIverse Student Center To-Do list or contact the Department of Biology for any other application requirements. Applications should include three recommendations and transcripts of undergraduate and graduate credits. Graduate information and application for graduate admission can be found at www.grad.uni.edu/admission.

The Graduate Record Examination (General Test) is not required for admission to the program.

Only graduate courses (course numbers 5000 or above) will apply to a graduate degree, even if the undergraduate course number (4999 or less) is listed.  No exceptions will be made.

This major is available on the thesis option only. A minimum of 32 semester hours is required, including a minimum of 21 hours of normal course work and a maximum of 9 hours of thesis research. A minimum of 18 hours of 200/6000-level course work is required.

Students are required to pass an oral comprehensive examination in defense of their final thesis.

This program is flexible and designed to allow students, working with their advisory committee, to tailor a program to fit student interests and aspirations in biology.

Required:
200/6000-level Biology courses:6
Take one course in at least two of the content areas (prerequisites vary) **
Biology:5
Graduate Colloquium (1 hr. each semester for four semesters)
Research Methods in Biology (1 hr.)
Research:9
Research
Electives: *12
Total Hours32

*

100g/5000-level or above, excluding BIOL 6299 (840:299) Research.

**

Content Areas:

I. BIOL 6240 (840:240) Advanced Cellular and Molecular Biology
II. BIOL 6250 (840:250) Advanced Physiology and Development
III. BIOL 6260 (840:260) Advanced Ecology
IV. BIOL 6270 (840:270) Advanced Systematics and Evolutionary Biology


Professional Science Master’s Degree Programs

Major in Biotechnology

This P.S.M. degree prepares students for career opportunities in biotechnology-related businesses and industries. Emphasis is placed on combining molecular and genetic engineering skills with an understanding of business and the degree includes an internship experience. Admission is restricted to students with a GPA of 3.00 or higher and a B.A. or B.S. in Biotechnology, Biology, Biochemistry or a related discipline. Students must have taken an Introductory General Biology sequence, Genetics and one or more courses in Molecular Biology or equivalents to be considered.

Students interested in this program must submit a completed Application for Admission to Graduate Study and should refer to their MyUNIverse Student Center To-Do list or contact the Department of Biology for any other application requirements. Graduate information and application for graduate admission can be found at www.grad.uni.edu/admission.

The Graduate Record Examination (General Test) is not required for admission to the program.

Only graduate courses (course numbers 5000 or above) will apply to a graduate degree, even if the undergraduate course number (4999 or less) is listed.  No exceptions will be made. 

This major is available on the non-thesis option only. A minimum of 30 semester hours is required. A minimum of 12 semester hours of 200/6000-level course work is required.

Required:
Biology:
BIOL 4153/5153 (840:153g)Recombinant DNA Techniques4
BIOL 6215Advanced Molecular Cloning3
BIOL 6240 (840:240)Advanced Cellular and Molecular Biology3
BIOL 6280 (840:280)Advanced Analytical Techniques2
Science and Science Education:5-7
Professional Science Master's Seminar (1 hr.)
Professional Science Master's Internship (4-6 hrs.)
Business and Marketing:
Business fundamentals course (approved by advisor)3
MKTG 3586/5586 (130:175g)Entrepreneurial Strategy3
Electives (must be 100g/5000-level or above):5-7
Select from the following or other graduate level courses as approved by advisor:

Biology:
Plant Biotechnology
Plant Physiology
Bioinformatics Applications for Biology
Cell Biology
Genomics and Proteomics
Virology
Developmental Biology of Animals
Immunology
Biostatistics
Applied Statistical Methods for Research
Research (1-2 hrs.)
Chemistry and Biochemistry:
Biochemistry I
Biochemistry II
Biochemistry Laboratory
Total Hours 30

Major in Ecosystem Management

This P.S.M. degree prepares students for career opportunities in conservation and restoration-related businesses, government agencies, and nonprofit organizations. Emphasis is placed on blending ecosystem analysis, management and restoration skills with an understanding of conservation policy, and the degree includes a team project and an internship experience. Admission is restricted to students with a GPA of 3.00 or higher and a B.A. or B.S. in Biology, Ecology or related field. Majors in Agriculture, Geography and other related applied disciplines must take or have taken an introductory biology sequence to be considered.

Students interested in this program must submit a completed Application for Admission to Graduate Study and should refer to their MyUNIverse Student Center To-Do list or contact the Department of Biology for other application requirements. Graduate information and application for graduate admission can be found at www.grad.uni.edu/admission.

The Graduate Record Examination (General Test) is not required for admission to the program.

Only graduate courses (course numbers 5000 or above) will apply to a graduate degree, even if the undergraduate course number (4999 or less) is listed.  No exceptions will be made. 

This major is available on the non-thesis option only. A minimum of 30 semester hours is required. A minimum of 15 semester hours of 200/6000-level course work is required.

Required:
Biology:
BIOL 4108/5108Biodiversity Conservation Policy3
BIOL 4166/5166 (840:166g)Plant Systematics4
BIOL 4180/5180 (840:180g)Restoration Ecology4
BIOL 6260 (840:260)Advanced Ecology3
Science and Science Education:
PSM 6100 (820:209)Business Management for Science Professionals3
PSM 6300 (820:215)Team-Based Problem Solving3
PSM 6289 (820:289)Professional Science Master's Seminar2
PSM 6950 (820:295)Professional Science Master's Internship4
Electives (must be 100g/5000-level or above):4
Select from the following or other graduate level courses as approved by advisor.

Biology:
Wildlife Ecology and Management
Animal Behavior
Evolutionary Biology
Aquatic Ecology
Ecotoxicology
Biostatistics
Applied Statistical Methods for Research
Mammalogy
Conservation Biology
Fire Management in Ecosystems
Earth Science:
Geomorphology
Environmental Hydrology
Hydrogeology
Geography:
Soils and Landscapes
Rivers
Global Positioning System Field Survey Methods
Iowa Lakeside Laboratory: **
Aquatic Ecology
Plant Ecology
Prairie Ecology
Wetland Ecology
Ornithology
Watershed Hydrology and Surficial Processes
Soil Genesis and Landscape Relationships
Total Hours 30

 

**

Students can take no more than 4 credit hours of Iowa Lakeside Laboratory (IA LL/890) courses.


 

Biology, B.S.

Freshman
FallHoursSpringHours
Liberal Arts Core3Liberal Arts Core3
BIOL 2051 (840:051) (or BIOL 2052 Gen Bio: Cell Structure and Function)4BIOL 2052 (840:052) (or BIOL 2051 Gen Bio: Organismal Diversity)4
CHEM 1110 (860:044) (based on ALEKS score)4MATH 1420 (800:060) (Major and LAC Math)4
MATH 1140 (800:046) (Based on ALEKS score) 4CHEM 1120 (860:048)4
 15 15
Sophomore
FallHoursSpringHours
Liberal Arts Core6University Electives2
CHEM 2210 (860:120)3Liberal Arts Core6
BIOL 3140 (840:140) (or BIOL 3100 Ecology, Evolution, and Nature of Science)4CHEM 2220 (860:123)3
Biology Elective (3000-level)3CHEM 2230 (860:121)2
 BIOL 3100 (840:100) (or BIOL 3140 Genetics)3
 16 16
Junior
FallHoursSpringHours
Liberal Arts Core3University Electives1
BIOL 3190 (840:190)2Liberal Arts Core6
PHYSICS 1511 (880:054)4Biology Major Elective (3000-level)4
BIOL 4157/5157 (840:157g)3BIOL 3190 (840:190)1
Biology Major Elective (3000-level)4PHYSICS 1512 (880:056)4
 16 16
Senior
FallHoursSpringHours
University Electives 6University Electives 9
Liberal Arts Core6Liberal Arts Core3
Biology Major Elective 4000 Level 4Biology Major Elective (3000-4000 level)4
 16 16
Total credit hours: 126

 

 

 

Biology, B.A.

Freshman
FallHoursSpringHours
Science Math Course for Major (Based on ALEKS scores)4-5Liberal Arts Core6
Liberal Arts Core3CHEM 1120 (860:048)4
CHEM 1110 (860:044) (Based on ALEKS score)4BIOL 2052 (840:052) (or BIOL 2051 Gen Bio: Organismal Diversity)4
BIOL 2051 (840:051) (or BIOL 2052 Gen Bio: Cell Structure & Function)4 
 15-16 14
Sophomore
FallHoursSpringHours
Upper Level Chemistry Course4University Electives3
Liberal Arts Core6Biology Elective 3000 Level4
BIOL 3140 (840:140) (or BIOL 3100 Ecology, Evolution, & Nature of Science)4Liberal Arts Core6
 BIOL 3100 (840:100) (or BIOL 3140 Genetics)3
 14 16
Junior
FallHoursSpringHours
Biology Major Elective (3000-4000 level)3University Electives3
Liberal Arts Core6Liberal Arts Core6
University Electives2Biology Elective 3000 or 4000 Level3
PHYSICS 1511 (880:054) (or Introduction to Geology)4PHYSICS 1512 (880:056) (or Earth History)4
 15 16
Senior
FallHoursSpringHours
University Electives5University Electives8-9
Biology Major Elective (3000-4000 level)3Liberal Arts Core3
Liberal Arts Core3Biology Major Elective 4000 Level3
Biology Major Elective 4000 Level4 
 15 14-15
Total credit hours: 119-121

  

 

 

Biology: Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology, B.A. 

Freshman
FallHoursSpringHours
BIOL 2051 (840:051) (or BIOL 2052 Gen Bio: Cell Structure & Function)4Liberal Arts Core6
CHEM 1110 (860:044) (Based on ALEKS score)4BIOL 2052 (840:052) (or BIOL 2051 Gen Bio: Organismal Diversity)4
Math Course for Major (Based on ALEKS score)4-5CHEM 1120 (860:048)4
Liberal Arts Core3 
 15-16 14
Sophomore
FallHoursSpringHours
Advanced Chemistry Course4Biology Major Electives 3000 Level4
Liberal Arts Core9Liberal Arts Core6
BIOL 3100 (840:100) (or BIOL 3140 Genetics) 3BIOL 3140 (840:140) (or BIOL 3100 Ecology, Evolution, and the Nature of Science)4
 16 14
Junior
FallHoursSpringHours
Biology Major Elective 3000 or 4000 Level4Biology Major Elective 3000 or 4000 Level4
Liberal Arts Core6Liberal Arts Core3
Earth Science/Physics Course4University Electives5
 Biology Major Elective 3000 or 4000 Level4
 14 16
Senior
FallHoursSpringHours
Liberal Arts Core3Liberal Arts Core3
University Electives9University Electives8-9
Biology Major Elective 4000 Level4Biology Major Electives 4000 Level3
 16 14-15
Total credit hours: 119-121

 

 

 

Biology: Biomedical Major, B.A.  

Freshman
FallHoursSpringHours
BIOL 2051 (840:051) (or BIOL 2052 Gen Bio: Cell Structure and Function)4BIOL 2052 (840:052) (or BIOL 2051 Gen Bio: Organismal Diversity) 4
CHEM 1110 (860:044) (Based on ALEKS score)4CHEM 1120 (860:048)4
Math Course for Major (Based on ALEKS Score)4Liberal Arts Core 6
Liberal Arts Core3 
 15 14
Sophomore
FallHoursSpringHours
Liberal Arts Core9Liberal Arts Core6
BIOL 3140 (840:140) (or BIOL 3100 Ecology, Evolution, and Nature of Science) 4BIOL 3100 (840:100) (or BIOL 3140 Genetics)3
CHEM 2210 (860:120)3CHEM 2220 (860:123)3
 CHEM 2230 (860:121)2
 16 14
Junior
FallHoursSpringHours
Liberal Arts Core6Liberal Arts Core3
Anatomy/Physiology/Cellular Elective4University Electives5
PHYSICS 1511 (880:054)4Anatomy/Physiology/Cellular Elective4
 PHYSICS 1512 (880:056)4
 14 16
Senior
FallHoursSpringHours
Liberal Arts Core3Liberal Arts Core3
University Electives9University Electives9
Anatomy/Physiology/Cellular Elective4Biology Major Elective2-3
 16 14-15
Total credit hours: 119-120

 

 

 

Biology Teaching, B.A.

Freshman
FallHoursSpringHours
Science Math or Liberal Arts Core Math (Based on ALEKS score)3-4Liberal Arts Core3
CHEM 1110 (860:044) (Based on ALEKS score)4Liberal Arts Core or Science Math, if needed3-4
ENGLISH 1005 (620:005)3CHEM 1120 (860:048)4
BIOL 2051 (840:051)4COMM 1000 (48C:001)3
 BIOL 2052 (840:052)4
 14-15 17-18
Sophomore
FallHoursSpringHours
Liberal Arts Core3Liberal Arts Core6
BIOL 3100 (840:100)3BIOL 3140 (840:140)4
EARTHSCI 1320 (870:035)4CHEM 20404
TEACHING 20171 
EDPSYCH 2030 (200:030)3 
 14 14
Junior
FallHoursSpringHours
Liberal Arts Core3Liberal Arts Core3
Biology Group choice4Biology Group choice4
TEACHING 31281SCI ED 3200 (820:196)2
EDPSYCH 3148 (200:148)3SPED 3150 (220:150)2
MEASRES 3150 (250:150)2 
PHYSICS 1511 (880:054)4 
 17 11
Senior
FallHoursSpringHours
Liberal Arts Core3Capstone Experience2-3
BIOL 4142/5142 (840:142g)3Liberal Arts Core3
Biology Group choice4BIOL 3197 (840:197)1
Biology elective4BIOL 4193/5193 (840:193g)3
SCI ED 3300/5300 (820:190g)3SOCFOUND 3119 (260:119)3
 TEACHING 4170/5170 (280:170g)3
 17 15-16
Fifth Year
FallHours 
TEACHING 3138 (280:138)12 
 12
Total credit hours: 131-134

 

 

 

Biology Courses

BIOL 1012 (840:012). Life: The Natural World — 3 hrs.

Examines living organisms with an emphasis on how the natural world functions as a system and how plants and animals, including humans, interact. Declared biology majors cannot receive either university or elective credit for this course. Prerequisite(s): student must have satisfied university entrance requirements in English and Mathematics. (Fall and Spring)

BIOL 1013 (840:013). Life: The Natural World - Lab — 1 hr.

Activities illustrating the importance, origins, and maintenance of biodiversity with a focus on the interactions among organisms and between organisms and the environment. Declared biology majors cannot receive either university or elective credit for this course. Prerequisite(s): student must have satisfied university entrance requirements in English and Mathematics. Prerequisite(s) or corequisite(s): BIOL 1012 (840:012). (Fall and Spring)

BIOL 1014 (840:014). Life: Continuity and Change — 3 hrs.

Introduction to contemporary topics in biology. Emphasis on study of gene structure and function and applications of biology to human concerns. Declared biology majors cannot receive either university or elective credit for this course. Prerequisite(s): student must have satisfied university entrance requirements in English and Mathematics. (Fall and Spring)

BIOL 1015 (840:015). Life: Continuity and Change - Lab — 1 hr.

Process of science and application of biology to human concerns stressed through student activities involving basic life science concepts encompassing cell structure and function, human genetics, and disease transmission. Emphasis on assisting students in understanding role of biology in our present society. Lab, 2 periods. Declared biology majors cannot receive either university or elective credit for this course. Prerequisite(s): student must have satisfied university entrance requirements in English and Mathematics. Prerequisite(s) or corequisite(s): BIOL 1014 (840:014) or equivalent. (Fall and Spring)

BIOL 1033 (840:033). Principles of Microbiology — 3 hrs.

Basic concepts and practical applications of microbiology in medicine, immunology, sanitation, and food preparation in daily life. Designed for students majoring in areas other than the sciences. For biology majors and minors counts only for university elective credit. Sections may be offered exclusively for nurses in training. Discussion, 2 periods; lab, 2 periods. (Fall)

BIOL 1060 (840:060). Careers in Biology:___________ — 2 hrs.

Assists in career planning. Self-assessment, career opportunities, information on requirements, resumes, and application procedures in biology and related fields. Offered on credit/no credit basis only. For Biology majors and minors counts only for university elective credit. (Variable)

BIOL 1089 (840:089). Seminar — 1 hr.

(Variable)

BIOL 2051 (840:051). General Biology: Organismal Diversity — 4 hrs.

Study of organismic biology emphasizing evolutionary patterns and diversity of organisms and interdependency of structure and function in living systems. Discussion, 3 periods; lab, 2 periods. (Fall and Spring)

BIOL 2052 (840:052). General Biology: Cell Structure and Function — 4 hrs.

Introduction to the properties and functions of biological molecules, organization of living cells, production and utilization of energy, and development of multicellular organisms. Discussion, 3 periods; lab, 2 periods. (Fall, Spring, Summer)

BIOL 3100 (840:100). Evolution, Ecology and the Nature of Science — 3 hrs.

Unifying principles of biology: how organisms interact with each other and the environment, the genetic continuity of life, and how past history affects life. Readings and student-led discussions explore concepts in detail. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 2051 (840:051); BIOL 2052 (840:052); CHEM 1110 (860:044) and CHEM 1120 (860:048), or CHEM 1130 (860:070). Prerequisites for Earth Science Major - Interpretive Naturalist Emphasis: BIOL 2051 (840:051); BIOL 2052 (840:052); CHEM 1110 (860:044). (Fall, Spring, Summer)

BIOL 3101 (840:101). Anatomy and Physiology I — 4 hrs.

Structure and function of organ systems of human body. For students in allied health fields or other university-approved programs. Others must have consent of department head. For Biology majors and minors, counts only for university elective credit. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 2051 (840:051); BIOL 2052 (840:052); CHEM 1110 (860:044) and CHEM 1120 (860:048), or CHEM 1130 (860:070), or consent of department head. (Fall, Spring, Summer)

BIOL 3102 (840:102). Anatomy and Physiology II — 4 hrs.

Continuation of 840:101. For students in allied health fields or other university-approved programs. Discussion, 3 periods; lab, 2 periods. Prerequisite(s): C- or better in BIOL 3101 (840:101) or BIOL 3106 (840:106). (Fall, Spring, Summer)

BIOL 3103 (840:103). Applied Ecology and Conservation — 4 hrs.

Impacts of human settlement in the Midwest on biodiversity, including overhunting, river channelization, wetland drainage, and agricultural intensification. Critical analysis of conservation initiatives. Field experience locating endangered habitat using topographic soils maps. Lecture/discussion, 3 periods; field and lab, 3 periods; arranged field trip. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 2051 (840:051); BIOL 2052 (840:052); CHEM 1110 (860:044) and CHEM 1120 (860:048), or CHEM 1130 (860:070). (Variable)

BIOL 3106 (840:106). Vertebrate Anatomy — 4 hrs.

Consideration of the origin and evolution of vertebrates and comparison of vertebrate structure and function. Discussion, 2 periods; lab, 4 periods. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 2051 (840:051); BIOL 2052 (840:052); CHEM 1110 (860:044) and CHEM 1120 (860:048), or CHEM 1130 (860:070). (Variable)

BIOL 3107. Environmental Physiology — 3 hrs.

Introduction to how animals physiologically adapt to the various unique environmental conditions in which they live. Lecture, 3 hours. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 2051 (840:051); BIOL 2052 (840:052); CHEM 1110 (860:044) and CHEM 1120 (860:048), or CHEM 1130 (860:070). (Variable)

BIOL 3108 (840:108). Vertebrate Histology — 4 hrs.

Microscopic study of cells and tissues from various vertebrate organ systems. Integration of gross anatomy and physiology through illustrating how microscopic ultrastructure is related to organ function. Discussion, 2 periods; lab, 4 periods. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 2051 (840:051); BIOL 2052 (840:052); CHEM 1110 (860:044) and CHEM 1120 (860:048), or CHEM 1130 (860:070). (Variable)

BIOL 3110 (840:110). Obesity and Diabetes: Science, Sociology and Economics — 2 hrs.

Over the last 20 years Americans, as well as the rest of the world, have been gaining weight at an alarming rate. As a consequence, diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, stroke, heart attack, and kidney failure have become more prevalent. Discussion of the possible origins and examination of potential solutions for two pathologies - obesity and diabetes. Prerequisite(s): junior standing. (Same as CAP 3110 (CAP:110)) (Variable)

BIOL 3112 (840:112). Invertebrate Zoology — 4 hrs.

Morphology, physiology, phylogeny, taxonomy, and ecology of the invertebrates. Discussion, 2 periods; lab, 4 periods. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 2051 (840:051); BIOL 2052 (840:052); CHEM 1110 (860:044) and CHEM 1120 (860:048), or CHEM 1130 (860:070). (Spring)

BIOL 3120 (840:120). Plant Diversity and Evolution — 4 hrs.

Form and function in vegetative and reproductive organs in all plant divisions, from algae to flowering plants, and their importance in evolutionary thought and plant classification. Lecture, 3 periods; lab, 2 periods. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 2051 (840:051); BIOL 2052 (840:052); CHEM 1110 (860:044) and CHEM 1120 (860:048), or CHEM 1130 (860:070). (Spring)

BIOL 3140 (840:140). Genetics — 4 hrs.

Analytical approach to classical, molecular, and population genetics. Discussion, 3 periods; lab, 2 periods. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 2051 (840:051); BIOL 2052 (840:052); CHEM 1110 (860:044) and CHEM 1120 (860:048), or CHEM 1130 (860:070). Prerequisites for Bioinformatics majors and minors: BIOL 2052 (840:052); CHEM 1110 (860:044) and CHEM 1120 (860:048), or CHEM 1130 (860:070). (Fall and Spring)

BIOL 3147 (840:147). Cancer and Emerging Infectious Diseases — 3 hrs.

Cellular and molecular study of cancer, its epidemiology, standard and novel cancer treatments, examination of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases, their causative organisms, and human immune responses to them. Discussion, 3 periods. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 2051 (840:051); BIOL 2052 (840:052); CHEM 1110 (860:044) and CHEM 1120 (860:048), or CHEM 1130 (860:070). (Spring)

BIOL 3151 (840:151). General Microbiology — 4 hrs.

Physiology, morphology, taxonomy, immunology, and pathogenicity of microbes, with applications to medicine, agriculture, sanitation, and industry. Discussion, 2 periods; lab, 4 periods. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 2051 (840:051); BIOL 2052 (840:052); CHEM 1110 (860:044) and CHEM 1120 (860:048), or CHEM 1130 (860:070). (Fall and Spring)

BIOL 3160 (840:160). Field Zoology of Vertebrates — 4 hrs.

Identification and natural history of Iowa vertebrates. Emphasis on field trips. Discussion, 2 periods; lab and field work, 6 periods. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 2051 (840:051); BIOL 2052 (840:052); CHEM 1110 (860:044) and CHEM 1120 (860:048), or CHEM 1130 (860:070). (Spring)

BIOL 3170 (840:170). Entomology — 3 hrs.

Introduction to biology of insects. Discussion, 2 periods; lab, 2 periods. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 2051 (840:051); BIOL 2052 (840:052); CHEM 1110 (860:044) and CHEM 1120 (860:048), or CHEM 1130 (860:070). (Variable)

BIOL 3174 (840:174). Field Biology: ___________ — 1-3 hrs.

Selected topics in field biology, emphasizing hands-on techniques for field observation, and testing of evolutionary and ecological hypotheses. Offered both on- and off-campus in flexible format. Topics and hours listed in Schedule of Classes. May be repeated for credit on different topic. Prerequisite(s): vary with topic. (Variable)

BIOL 3179 (840:179). Cooperative Education — 1-6 hrs.

A maximum of 3 graded hours of credit can be applied to a biology major as major elective credit. Up to 9 additional hours of ungraded credit (credit/no credit basis) may be taken as university electives. (Fall, Spring, Summer)

BIOL 3181 (840:181). Investigations in Life Science — 4 hrs.

Introduction to significant life science concepts and models of effective teaching related to elementary school life science. Topics include cellular structure and function, inheritance, plant systems, and human systems. Discussion and/or lab, 5 periods. Prerequisite(s): SCI ED 1200 (820:032). (Odd Falls)

BIOL 3185 (840:185). Readings in Biology — 1-3 hrs.

Independent readings in biology from selected list approved in advance. Maximum of 3 hours for biology major or minor. Prerequisite(s): consent of department. (Fall, Spring, Summer)

BIOL 3189 (840:189). Seminar — 1-2 hrs.

(Variable)

BIOL 3190 (840:190). Undergraduate Research in Biology — 1-3 hrs.

Research activities under direct supervision of Biology faculty members. Credit determined prior to registration based upon student proposal with agreement of faculty advisor. May be repeated for maximum of 4 hours. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 2051 (840:051); BIOL 2052 (840:052); sophomore standing; consent of department. (Fall, Spring, Summer)

BIOL 3191 (840:191). Senior Thesis — 1 hr.

Senior research thesis. Open only to and required for students pursuing the B.S. Biology or B.A. Biology Honors Emphasis. Prerequisite(s): consent of department head. (Fall, Spring, Summer)

BIOL 3195 (840:195). Internship/Field Experience — 1-10 hrs.

Supervised work experience in approved work situation. Offered on credit/no credit basis only. Prerequisite(s): consent of department. (Fall, Spring, Summer)

BIOL 3196 (840:196). Natural History Interpretation Colloquium — 1 hr.

Upon completion of the rest of the requirements of the Natural History Interpretation minor, enrollees refine and present an exemplary component of the portfolio - an interpretive display or program. Completed portfolio also submitted for evaluation. Prerequisite(s): LYHS 2551 (430:050) or LYHS 4554/5554 (430:146g) or LYHS 4776/5776 (430:170g); BIOL 4180/5180 (840:180g) or ANTH 3440/5440 (990:125g); BIOL 4184/5184 (840:184g). Prerequisite(s) or corequisite(s): BIOL 3179 (840:179) or EARTHSCI 3430 (870:195). (Same as EARTHSCI 3196) (Variable)

BIOL 3197 (840:197). Undergraduate Practicum in Biology Teaching — 1 hr.

Examination of teaching strategies and practical experience in laboratory teaching through observation and assistance in introductory biology laboratories. Offered on credit/no credit basis only. Prerequisite(s) or corequisite(s): BIOL 4193/5193 (840:193g); consent of instructor. (Fall and Spring)

BIOL 4105/5105 (840:105g). Wildlife Ecology and Management — 4 hrs.

Applied population management of game and nongame wildlife. Lab emphasizes field techniques, population modeling, and habitat management planning. Discussion, 3 periods; lab, 3 periods. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 3100 (840:100); BIOL 3140 (840:140); junior standing. (Variable)

BIOL 4108/5108. Biodiversity Conservation Policy — 3 hrs.

Review of laws and policies affecting endangered species, ecosystem management, and biodiversity conservation in the United States. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 3100 (840:100); BIOL 3140 (840:140); junior standing. (Variable)

BIOL 4114/5114 (840:114g). Comparative Animal Physiology — 4 hrs.

Physical and chemical basis of cellular/organ functions across various animal phyla. Discussion, 3 periods; lab, 3 periods. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 3100 (840:100); BIOL 3140 (840:140); CHEM 2040 or CHEM 2210 (860:120); junior standing. (Variable)

BIOL 4116/5116 (840:116g). Neurobiology — 3 hrs.

Survey of vertebrate nervous systems. Examination of several levels of organization ranging from molecules to neurons to larger systems in the brain. Discussion, 3 periods. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 4114/5114 (840:114g) or BIOL 4128/5128 (840:128g) or BIOL 4137/5137 (840:138g) or written consent of instructor; junior standing. (Variable)

BIOL 4121/5121 (840:121g). Plant Biotechnology — 4 hrs.

Highlights the theory and applications of plant tissue cultures, genetic engineering (including use of plants for production of antibodies and vaccines), marker-assisted selection, and genomics. Lab component gives students practical experience with the biotechnology applications discussed in lecture. Discussion, 2 periods; lab, 4 periods. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 3100 (840:100); BIOL 3140 (840:140); junior standing. (Variable)

BIOL 4122/5122 (840:122g). Plant Physiology — 4 hrs.

How plants work: uptake and use of water and materials, synthesis and transport of organic compounds, growth and development, and responses to environment. Lecture, 3 periods; lab, 3 periods. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 3100 (840:100); BIOL 3140 (840:140); CHEM 2040 or CHEM 2210 (860:120); junior standing. (Spring)

BIOL 4127/5127 (840:127g). Bioinformatics Applications for Biology — 3 hrs.

Introduction to computer based analyses and management applications for molecular biological data. Topics include bioinformatics history, instrumentation, PC applications, resources, data bases, and discussions of genomics and proteomics applications. Discussion, 3 periods. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 3100 (840:100); BIOL 3140 (840:140); junior standing. Prerequisites for Bioinformatics majors and minors: BIOL 3140 (840:140); junior standing. (Variable)

BIOL 4128/5128 (840:128g). Cell Biology — 4 hrs.

Foundation in cell structure, organization, and function, with emphasis on signal transduction, cell trafficking and cell cycle control. Lab will emphasize developing laboratory skills and improving analytical and writing abilities. Discussion, 3 periods; lab, 3 periods. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 3100 (840:100); BIOL 3140 (840:140); CHEM 2040 or CHEM 2210 (860:120); junior standing. (Spring)

BIOL 4129/5129 (840:129g). Genomics and Proteomics — 3 hrs.

Genome sequencing and analysis, sequence variation, sequencing for disease diagnosis, the epigenome in disease development, analysis of gene expression. Discussion, 2 periods; lab, 2 periods. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 3100 (840:100); BIOL 3140 (840:140); junior standing. (Variable)

BIOL 4131/5131 (840:131g). Animal Behavior — 4 hrs.

Mechanisms, adaptive significance, evolution, and ecology of behavior and sociality. Discussion, 3 periods; lab, 2 periods. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 3100 (840:100); BIOL 3140 (840:140); junior standing. (Variable)

BIOL 4137/5137 (840:138g). Vertebrate Physiology — 4 hrs.

Study of functional mechanisms for cellular processes in select vertebrate organ systems. Discussion, 3 periods; lab, 3 periods. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 3100 (840:100); BIOL 3140 (840:140); CHEM 2040 or CHEM 2210 (860:120); junior standing. (Variable)

BIOL 4142/5142 (840:142g). Evolutionary Biology — 3 hrs.

Conceptual overview of evolutionary theory, mechanisms of evolutionary process, speciation and major evolutionary events. Discussion, 3 periods. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 3100 (840:100); BIOL 3140 (840:140); junior standing. (Spring)

BIOL 4143/5143 (840:143g). Biogeography and Origins of Diversity — 3 hrs.

Readings and discussion interrelating how biodiversity and its geographical distribution have been shaped by earth history, ecology, and evolutionary processes. Discussion, 3 periods. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 3100 (840:100); BIOL 3140 (840:140); junior standing. (Variable)

BIOL 4144/5144 (840:144g). Virology — 4 hrs.

Introduction to virus structure, replication, genetics, pathogenicity, host interactions, detection, epidemiology, evolution, and virology methods. Health, agriculture, research and industry applications. Discussion, 3 periods; lab, 2 periods. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 3100 (840:100); BIOL 3140 (840:140); junior standing. (Variable)

BIOL 4146/5146 (840:146g). Developmental Biology of Animals — 4 hrs.

Major concepts and central questions of animal development and controlling mechanisms. Laboratory emphasis on experimental inquiry and developmental anatomy. Discussion, 3 periods; lab, 2 periods. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 3100 (840:100); BIOL 3140 (840:140); junior standing. (Spring)

BIOL 4150/5150 (840:150g). Immunology — 4 hrs.

Focus on multiple levels of human immunity, from organs/cells to molecular events. Basic immunology and relationships between immunology and various disease states. Laboratory experiences include many commonly-used immunology techniques. Discussion, 3 periods; lab, 3 periods. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 3100 (840:100); BIOL 3140 (840:140); junior standing. (Fall)

BIOL 4152/5152. Microbial Molecular Biology — 4 hrs.

Microbial gene action. Laboratory emphasizes methods used to study mechanisms of microbial gene function at the molecular level. Discussion, 2 periods; lab, 4 periods. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 3100 (840:100); BIOL 3140 (840:140); CHEM 2040, or CHEM 2210 (860:120); junior standing. (Variable)

BIOL 4153/5153 (840:153g). Recombinant DNA Techniques — 4 hrs.

Study of techniques for analyzing and manipulating DNA and RNA, including polymerase chain reaction, genomic library construction, gene expression, and genomic analysis with computers. Discussion, 2 periods; lab, 4 periods. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 3100 (840:100); BIOL 3140 (840:140); junior standing. Prerequisites for Bioinformatics majors and minors: BIOL 3140 (840:140); junior standing. (Variable)

BIOL 4154/5154 (840:154g). Aquatic Ecology — 3 hrs.

Introduction to geological, physical, chemical, and biological factors that interact to determine functional characteristics of inland waters. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 3100 (840:100); BIOL 3140 (840:140); junior standing. (Fall)

BIOL 4155/5155 (840:155g). Ecotoxicology — 4 hrs.

Detailed overview of ecological and toxicological aspects of environmental pollution emphasizing responses of populations, communities, and ecosystems to contaminants. Traditional biomonitoring and toxicity testing methods, state-of-the-art concepts and methodologies. Lecture/discussion, 3 periods; lab, 3 periods. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 3100 (840:100); BIOL 3140 (840:140); junior standing. (Variable)

BIOL 4157/5157 (840:157g). Biostatistics — 3 hrs.

Introduction to methods used to analyze and interpret numerical data from biological experiments. Emphasis on parametric statistics; use of SAS computer package for computations. Lecture, 2 hours; lab, 2 hours. Prerequisite(s): MATH 1140 (800:046) or equivalent; BIOL 3100 (840:100); BIOL 3140 (840:140); junior standing. (Fall)

BIOL 4164/5164 (840:164g). Mammalogy — 4 hrs.

Biology of mammals, including evolutionary history, zoogeography, ecology, and diversity. Laboratory emphasis on identifications, natural history, and field techniques. Lecture, 3 periods; lab and field, 3 periods. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 3100 (840:100); BIOL 3140 (840:140); junior standing. (Fall)

BIOL 4166/5166 (840:166g). Plant Systematics — 4 hrs.

Classification and identification of vascular plants, with emphasis on evolution of species and larger groups. Discussion, 2 periods; lab and field work, 4 periods. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 3100 (840:100); BIOL 3140 (840:140); junior standing. (Fall)

BIOL 4167/5167 (840:167g). Conservation Biology — 3 hrs.

Biodiversity and threats to it, extinction, conservation of endangered species, protected areas, ex situ conservation, private land conservation, ecological economics. Lecture/discussion, 3 periods. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 3100 (840:100); BIOL 3140 (840:140); junior standing. (Variable)

BIOL 4168/5168 (840:168g). Ecology — 4 hrs.

Principles of organismal adaptation, species interactions, and population, community, and ecosystem structure/dynamics. Lab emphasizes student-led experiments, data analysis, and scientific writing. Lecture/discussion, 3 periods; lab, 3 periods. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 3100 (840:100); BIOL 3140 (840:140); junior standing. (Fall)

BIOL 4172/5172 (840:172g). Developmental Plant Anatomy — 4 hrs.

Structure and function of flowering plants, with emphasis on cell and organ development. Lecture, 2 periods; lab, 4 periods. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 3100 (840:100); BIOL 3140 (840:140); junior standing. (Fall)

BIOL 4178/5178 (840:178g). Fire Management in Ecosystems — 3 hrs.

Study of fire, its relationship to organisms and other components of ecosystems, and implications for management of ecosystems. Examination of prescribed burning as a management tool. Students will be trained in conducting prescribed burns and participate as burn crew members. Lecture/discussion, 2 periods; lab, 2 periods. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 3100 (840:100); BIOL 3140 (840:140); junior standing. (Variable)

BIOL 4180/5180 (840:180g). Restoration Ecology — 4 hrs.

Ecological principles applied to restoration of degraded ecosystems. Lab covers hands-on techniques in regional restoration and reconstruction. Discussion, 3 periods; lab, 3 periods. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 3100 (840:100); BIOL 3140 (840:140); junior standing. (Variable)

BIOL 4184/5184 (840:184g). Natural History Interpretation Techniques — 4 hrs.

Development of effective techniques for relating natural history concepts and events to diverse audiences, with an emphasis on Iowa natural history. Lecture/discussion, 3 periods; lab, 2 periods. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 3100 (840:100); BIOL 3140 (840:140); junior standing. (Odd Springs)

BIOL 4193/5193 (840:193g). Methods for Teaching Life Science — 3 hrs.

Teaching approaches, instructional and assessment strategies, curricular and laboratory materials, and issues related to grades 5-12 life science and biology. Field experiences in secondary school science classrooms. Discussion, 3 periods. Prerequisite(s): TEACHING 3128; EDPSYCH 3148 (200:148); MEASRES 3150 (250:150); SCI ED 3300/5300 (820:190g); SCI ED 3200 (820:196); junior standing. (Spring)

BIOL 4198 (840:198). Independent Study — 1-6 hrs.

(Fall, Spring, Summer)

BIOL 6202 (840:202). Graduate Colloquium — 1 hr.

Weekly presentation by a student, faculty member, or visitor on biological topic. Taken each semester for four semesters for maximum of 4 hours. Discussion, 1 period. (Fall and Spring)

BIOL 6215. Advanced Molecular Cloning — 3 hrs.

Student teams will experiment with, analyze and trouble shoot real world cloning projects. Techniques used may include RT-PCR, Q-PCR, DNA sequence analysis, site-directed mutagenesis and gene design. Discussion, 2 periods; lab, 3 periods. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 4153/5153 (840:153g) or equivalent; consent of instructor. (Variable)

BIOL 6230 (840:230). Special Problems in Biology — 1-6 hrs.

Credit determined at registration. (Problems in biology other than those for theses or in regular curricular offerings.) May be repeated. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 6292 (840:292) recommended; consent of department. (Fall, Spring, Summer)

BIOL 6240 (840:240). Advanced Cellular and Molecular Biology — 3 hrs.

Selected topics concerning understanding of function of living organisms at molecular and cellular level: regulatory mechanisms, recombinant DNA techniques, gene expression, and genetics of diseases. Lecture/discussion, 3 periods. May be repeated on different topic. Prerequisite(s): consent of instructor. (Odd Springs)

BIOL 6250 (840:250). Advanced Physiology and Development — 3 hrs.

Selected topics concerning understanding of organ, organ system, and organism structure and function: immune system, cellular signaling mechanisms, photosynthesis, and cell motility and development. Lecture/discussion, 3 periods. May be repeated on different topic. Prerequisite(s): consent of instructor. (Odd Falls)

BIOL 6260 (840:260). Advanced Ecology — 3 hrs.

Selected topics of ecology, concerning the understanding of relationships among organisms, and between organisms and their environments (natural or artificial): physiological ecology, conservation biology, and aquatic ecology. Lecture/discussion, 3 periods. May be repeated on different topic. Prerequisite(s): consent of instructor. (Even Springs)

BIOL 6270 (840:270). Advanced Systematics and Evolutionary Biology — 3 hrs.

Selected topics concerning understanding of systematic and evolutionary relationships among organisms and evolutionary biology: evolutionary theory, systematics, and origin of life. Lecture/discussion, 3 periods. May be repeated on different topic. Prerequisite(s): consent of instructor. (Even Falls)

BIOL 6280 (840:280). Advanced Analytical Techniques — 2 hrs.

Discussion of advanced modern methods of biological data collection and analysis, including the use of computer algorithms to help understand experimental results obtained from laboratory or field. Discussion and/or lab, 2 periods. Prerequisite(s): consent of instructor. (Variable)

BIOL 6289 (840:289). Seminar — 1 hr.

May be repeated for credit. (Variable)

BIOL 6292 (840:292). Research Methods in Biology — 1 hr.

Introduction to research methods in biology. Emphasis on literature review, proposal preparation, and manuscript style. Discussion, 1 period. (Fall and Spring)

BIOL 6297 (840:297). Practicum — 2 hrs.

May be repeated. (Variable)

BIOL 6299 (840:299). Research.

Prerequisite(s): consent of department. (Fall, Spring, Summer)

BIOL 629R (840:29R). Directed Research.

(Fall, Spring, Summer)

Iowa Lakeside Laboratory Courses

IA LL 2010 (890:010). Earth, Air and Sky — 3 hrs.

Introduction to the essentials of earth science (astronomy, meteorology, geology, and paleontology). (Summer)

IA LL 2019 (890:019). Soils and Environmental Quality — 4 hrs.

Role of soils in the environment; relationship between soil quality and plant growth. Field studies on soil identification, degradation and restoration as well as identifying tools useful in effective land and water stewardship. (Summer)

IA LL 2030 (890:030). Natural History Workshop — 1-2 hrs.

Offered as demand warrants. Five day-long, non-technical introductions to a specific aspect of the natural history of the upper Midwest or techniques for studying natural history. Prerequisite: junior standing. (Variable)
A. Amphibians and Reptiles
B. Birds and Birding
C. Nature Photography
D. Mushrooms and Other Fungi
E. Iowa's Trees and Forests
F. Fish Biology
G. Prairies
I. Common Insects
J. Aquatic Plants
K. Life in Rivers
L. Life in Lakes
M. Mosses and Liverworts
N. Natural History of Iowa Great Lakes Region
P. Field Archaeology
Q. Common Algae
S. Scuba Diving
T. Astronomy
U. Sketching Nature (Variable)

IA LL 2031. Ecology — 4 hrs.

Introduction to the evolutionary and basic principles of ecology at the organismal, population, community, and ecosystem levels. Integrates lectures and field studies to examine the distribution and abundance of plans and animals in native ecosystems. (Summer)

IA LL 2034. Topics in Ecology and Sustainability — 1-4 hrs.

Scientific introduction to ecology and evolution of important groups of organisms. Topics include: algae to vertebrates, different ecological phenomena (e.g., fire and climate change), varying landforms, different ecosystems (e.g., prairies and aquatic systems); emphasis on sustainability with introduction to concepts, issues, and practices; ability to communicate environmental information through a variety of means. May be repeated. (Summer)

IA LL 2040 (890:040). Field Archaeology — 4 hrs.

Nature of cultural and environmental evidence in archaeology and how they are used to model past human behavior and land use; emphasis on Iowa prehistory; basic reconnaissance surveying and excavation techniques. (Summer)

IA LL 2043 (890:043). Illustrating Nature-Sketching — 2 hrs.

Sketching plants, animals, and terrain. Visual communication, development of a personal style, and integration of typographic and visual elements on a page will be emphasized. (Summer)

IA LL 2044 (890:044). Illustrating Nature - Photography — 2 hrs.

Beginning to intermediate technical and compositional aspects of color photography of natural areas and their plants and animals. (Summer)

IA LL 2045 (890:050). Undergraduate Internships — 1-5 hrs.

Placement with county conservation boards, camps, parks, etc., for experience as interpreters, rangers, and technicians. (Summer)

IA LL 3100/5100 (890:100g). Techniques For Biology Teaching — 1-2 hrs.

Development and implementation of laboratory exercises suitable for inclusion in elementary, middle, high school, and community college biology and environmental courses. Exercises will be built around common organisms and ecosystems in Iowa. Field trips. A. (Summer)

IA LL 3102/5102 (890:102g). Plant-Animal Interactions — 4 hrs.

Introduction to ecology and co-evolution of plants and animals. Emphasis on dispersal, pollination, and plant-herbivore interactions; field and laboratory work, reading, and discussion. Prerequisite(s): one course in the biological sciences; junior standing. (Variable)

IA LL 3103/5103 (890:103g). Aquatic Ecology — 4 hrs.

Analysis of aquatic ecosystems. Emphasis on basic ecological principles; ecological theories tested in the field, and identification of common plants and animals. Prerequisite(s): courses in ecology, chemistry, and physics or consent of instructor; junior standing. (Summer)

IA LL 3105/5105 (890:105g). Plant Taxonomy — 4 hrs.

Principles of classification and evolution of vascular plants; taxonomic tools and collection techniques; use of keys. Field and laboratory studies emphasizing identification of local flowering plants and recognition of major plant families. Prerequisite(s): two semesters of introductory biology or consent of instructor; junior standing. (Summer)

IA LL 3107/5107. Field Parasitology — 4 hrs.

Ecology and life history of parasites, protozoans, helminths, arthropods; field and laboratory investigations including preparation, identification, and morphology of representative types and stages; general and comparative concepts of parasitology. (Variable)

IA LL 3109/5109. Ecology and Systematics of Algae — 4 hrs.

Structure and taxonomy of freshwater algae based on field-collected material. Emphasis on genus-level identifications, habitats; visited locations include lakes, fens, streams, and rivers; algal ecology. (Summer)

IA LL 3111/5111 (890:111g). Summer Writing Festival at Iowa Lakeside Laboratory — 1 hr.

One-week workshop designed for young adult to adult writers of all levels, helps participants apply their imagination to their life experiences and become more effective writers. Writing exercises invite imaginative leaps and thoughtful reflections and humor, as well as seriousness. Participants work in various forms of expression, including the personal essay, poetry, and short fiction. Prerequisite(s): junior standing. (Summer)

IA LL 3121/5121 (890:121g). Plant Ecology — 4 hrs.

Principles of plant population, community, and ecosystem ecology illustrated through studies of native vegetation in local prairies, wetlands, and forests. Group or individual projects. Prerequisite(s): two semesters of introductory biology or consent of instructor; junior standing. (Summer)

IA LL 3122/5122 (890:122g). Prairie Ecology — 4 hrs.

Basic patterns and underlying physical and biotic causes of both regional and local distributions of plants and animals of North American prairies; field and laboratory analyses and projects. Prerequisite(s): two semesters of introductory biology or consent of instructor; junior standing. (Summer)

IA LL 3124/5124 (890:124g). Wetland Ecology — 4 hrs.

Ecology, classification, creation, restoration, and management of wetlands. Field studies examine the composition, structure, and functions of local natural wetlands and restored prairie pothole wetlands. Individual or group projects. Prerequisite(s): junior standing. (Summer)

IA LL 3126/5126 (890:126g). Ornithology — 4 hrs.

The biology, ecology, and behavior of birds with emphasis on field studies of local avifauna. Group projects stress techniques of population analysis and methodology for population studies. Prerequisite(s): two semesters of introductory biology or consent of instructor; junior standing. (Summer)

IA LL 3127/5127 (890:127g). Introduction to Insect Ecology — 4 hrs.

Field and laboratory study of insects, their diversity, and life history. Emphasis on ecology and behavior. Prerequisite(s): junior standing. (Variable)

IA LL 3128/5128 (890:128g). Fish Ecology — 4 hrs.

Basic principles of fish interaction with the biotic and abiotic environment. Field methods, taxonomy, and biology of fish with emphasis on the fish fauna of northwestern Iowa. Prerequisite(s): junior standing. (Summer)

IA LL 3132 (890:132). Ecology — 4 hrs.

Introduction to the evolutionary and basic principles of ecology at the organismal, population, community, and ecosystem levels. Integrates lectures and field studies to examine the distribution and abundance of plants and animals in native ecosystems. Prerequisite(s): two semesters of introductory biology or consent of instructor. (Summer)

IA LL 3134/5134 (890:134g). Animals and their Ecosystems — 4 hrs.

Focus on the vertebrate and invertebrate animals of the Midwest. Animals are observed in nature either through passive observational techniques or active trapping exercises. Once identified, animals are placed in their proper taxonomic position (i.e., put onto the "Tree of Life"). They also are put into ecological perspective, including habitat preferences (i.e., wetland, lake prairie, forest, river, edge), trophic position, and activity patterns. Conservation status is discussed and in many cases emphasized. Prerequisite(s): an introductory biology course; junior standing. (Summer)

IA LL 3135/5135 (890:135g). Aquatic Toxicology and Wetland Dynamics in Freshwater Systems — 2 hrs.

Fundamental knowledge and understanding of scientific concepts related to the physio-chemical and biological environment; problems and issues (global, national, regional, and local) of freshwater systems; how wetland restoration is used to ameliorate problems; basic tools used to assess aquatic toxicological problems. Prerequisite(s): one year of biology and one year of chemistry; junior standing. (Summer)

IA LL 3140/5140 (890:140g). Water Policy & Politics — 1 hr.

Historical, legal, economic, cultural, and political dimensions of water resources; public perception and enjoyment of this abundant and important natural resource; how public policy developed; private rights; differences between the previous appropriation system in the western U.S. and Eastern riparian rights law; public rights regarding water for navigation, recreation, and environmental protection; water-related institutions such as suppliers of municipal water and irrigation water; interbasin transport of water. Prerequisite(s): junior standing. (Summer)

IA LL 3142/5142 (890:142g). Watershed Hydrology and Surficial Processes — 4 hrs.

Effects of geomorphology, soils, and land use on transport of water and materials (nutrients and contaminants) in watersheds. Fieldwork will emphasize investigations of the Iowa Great Lakes watershed. Prerequisite(s): four courses in the physical or biological sciences or engineering; junior standing. (Summer)

IA LL 3160/5160 (890:160g). Restoration Ecology — 4 hrs.

Ecological principles for the restoration of native ecosystems; establishment (site preparation, selection of seed mixes, and planting techniques) and management (fire, mowing, and weed control) of native vegetation; evaluation of restorations. Emphasis on the restoration of prairie and wetland vegetation. Prerequisite(s): a course in ecology; junior standing. (Summer)

IA LL 3163 (890:163). Conservation Biology — 4 hrs.

Population- and community-level examination of factors influencing the viability of plant and animal populations from both demographic and genetic perspectives; assessment of biodiversity; and design and management of preserves. Prerequisite(s): general biology. (Summer)

IA LL 3165/5165 (890:165g). Behavioral Ecology — 4 hrs.

Animal coloniality, courtship, territoriality, predator defense, habitat selection, foraging, mating systems, and parental care will be examined in the field in order to evaluate various ecological and evolutionary theories of animal behavior. Prerequisite(s): two courses in the biological sciences; junior standing. (Summer)

IA LL 3175/5175 (890:175g). Soil Genesis and Landscape Relationships — 4 hrs.

Relationships between soil formation, geomorphology, and environment. Soil description, classification, geography, mapping, and interpretation for land use. Prerequisite(s): introductory soils course or IA LL 3142/5142 (890:142g); junior standing. (Summer)

IA LL 4178/5178 (890:178g). Analysis of Environmental Data — 2 hrs.

Provides students with training in the theory and application of a range of statistical techniques useful for the analysis of ecological and paleoecological data. Topics include data management, exploratory data analysis, regression analysis, direct and indirect ordination methods, classification techniques, transfer functions and the analysis of temporal data. Lectures and practical classes with hands-on-training. Directed towards advanced undergraduate, graduate, and working professionals in ecology and paleoecology. Prerequisite(s): an undergraduate course in statistics, understanding of basic concepts such as correlation and regression, and familiarity with PC-based software for data analysis; junior standing. (Summer)

IA LL 4193 (890:193). Undergraduate Research — 1-4 hrs.

Prerequisite(s): junior standing; consent of instructor. (Variable)

IA LL 4198 (890:198). Undergraduate Independent Study — 1-4 hrs.

Prerequisite(s): junior standing; consent of instructor. (Variable)

IA LL 6210 (890:210). Global Climate Change: Causes, Connections and Cures — 2 hrs.

Underlying causes of global climate change, both natural and human; web of interrelated links affecting the physical and living world, including human society; cause-and-effect relationships and interventions that may reduce negative consequences; for teachers of grades 7-12 and students enrolled in teacher education programs for those grades. Prerequisite(s): bachelor's degree. (Summer)

IA LL 6215 (890:215). Field Mycology — 4 hrs.

Identification and classification of the common fungi; techniques for identification, preservation, and culture practiced with members of the various fungi groups. (Summer)

IA LL 6217 (890:217). Ecology and Systematics of Diatoms — 4 hrs.

Field and laboratory study of freshwater diatoms; techniques in collection, preparation, and identification of diatom samples; study of environmental factors affecting growth, distribution, and taxonomic characters; project design and execution, including construction of reference and voucher collections and data organization and analysis. Prerequisite(s): two semesters of introductory biology or geology, and consent of instructor. (Summer)

IA LL 6225 (890:225). Physical Limnology — 2-4 hrs.

Mechanisms of physical transport of heat and contaminants in lakes; temperature cycle and stratification; disturbances to seasonal temperature structure, including the diurnal mixed layer, waves, upwelling, differential heating; turbulence, mixing, transport; field measurements of physical processes, computer models of transport. (Summer)

IA LL 6234. Topics in Ecology and Sustainability — 1-4 hrs.

Scientific introduction to ecology and evolution of important groups of organisms. Topics include: algae to vertebrates, different ecological phenomena (e.g., fire and climate change), varying landforms, different ecosystems (e.g., prairies and aquatic systems); emphasis on sustainability with introduction to concepts, issues, and practices; ability to communicate environmental information through a variety of means. May be repeated. (Summer)

IA LL 6240 (890:240). Natural History Workshop — 1-3 hrs.

Offered as demand warrants. Graduate workshop on some aspect of the natural history of the Upper Midwest or on techniques for studying natural history. Prerequisite(s): consent of instructor. (Variable)

IA LL 6263. Conservation Biology — 4 hrs.

Population- and community-level examination of factors influencing the viability of plant and animal populations from both demographic and genetic perspectives; assessment of biodiversity; and design and management of preserves. (Summer)

IA LL 6291 (890:291). Graduate Internships — 1-5 hrs.

Placement with county conservation boards, camps, parks, schools, etc., for experience as interpreters, rangers, technicians, and teachers. Prerequisite(s): consent of instructor. (Variable)