# Department of Mathematics

**(College of Humanities, Arts and Sciences)**

The Department of Mathematics offers the following undergraduate and graduate programs. Specific requirements for these programs are listed within this Department of Mathematics section in the following order:

**Undergraduate Majors (B.A.)**

- Mathematics
- Mathematics-Statistics/Actuarial Science
- Mathematics-Teaching

**Minors**

- Mathematics
- Mathematics-Teaching
- Mathematics (K-8)-Teaching
- Statistics and Actuarial Science

**Graduate Majors (M.A.)**

- Mathematics:
- Mathematics
- Secondary Teaching
- Community College Teaching

- Mathematics for the Middle Grades (4-8)

**Graduate Majors (P.S.M.)**

- Industrial Mathematics

**Program Certificate**

- Statistical Computing

**Notes:**

- A student majoring or minoring in mathematics, who has a grade point average of less than 2.25 in all departmental courses used for that major or minor may not apply a departmental course in which a grade of less than C- is earned to her/his major or minor.
- Undergraduate students who have been admitted to the university provisionally because of non-satisfaction of the high school mathematics requirements may not enroll in any mathematics credit course before this requirement has been met.
- Students who complete the requirements for more than one program (major or minor) within mathematics may have that noted on their transcripts.

## Bachelor of Arts Degree Programs

### Mathematics Major

The Mathematics major requires a minimum of 120 total hours to graduate. This total includes Liberal Arts Core requirements and the following specified major requirements, plus electives to complete the minimum of 120 hours. Students are encouraged to discuss Undergraduate Research (MATH 4990) with their adviser.

Common core: | 15 | |

Calculus I | ||

Calculus II | ||

Calculus III | ||

Linear Algebra for Applications | ||

Mathematics core: | 16 | |

Discrete and Argumentative Mathematics | ||

Advanced Calculus I | ||

Advanced Calculus II | ||

Modern Algebra I | ||

Modern Algebra II | ||

Senior Mathematics Seminar | ||

Probability/Statistics: select one of the following. MATH/STAT 3751 will not satisfy this requirement if a student has credit for STAT 1772 (800:072). | 3-6 | |

Probability and Statistics | ||

Introduction to Statistical Methods and Introduction to Probability | ||

Introduction to Statistical Methods and Applied Statistical Methods for Research | ||

Electives: Select two of the following. MATH/STAT 3752/5752 (800:152g) cannot be used if used for the Probability/Statistics requirement. Other junior/senior level mathematics courses may be substituted with approval of advisor and Department Head. | 6 | |

Euclidean Geometry | ||

Modern Geometries | ||

Differential Geometry | ||

Mathematics of Finance | ||

Introduction to Probability | ||

Topology I | ||

Dynamical Systems: Chaos Theory and Fractals | ||

Differential Equations | ||

Numerical Analysis ^{*} | ||

Combinatorics | ||

Introduction to Complex Analysis | ||

History of Mathematics: To the Calculus | ||

Elementary Number Theory | ||

Total Hours | 40-43 |

* | These courses have additional prerequisites as follows: MATH 1420 (800:060) has prerequisite of a satisfactory score on a mathematics placement exam, or subsequent remediation. MATH 3440/5440 (800:176g) has prerequisite of CS 1130 (810:030), CS 1160 (810:036), or CS 1510 (810:051). |

### Mathematics Major-Statistics/Actuarial Science

The Mathematics-Statistics/Actuarial Science major requires a minimum of 120 total hours to graduate. This total includes Liberal Arts Core requirements and the following specified major requirements, plus electives to complete the minimum of 120 hours.

The major is available in two emphases, the Statistics emphasis and the Actuarial Science emphasis. Each emphasis requires completion of the common core, the seminar/research requirement, the core for the chosen emphasis (Statistics or Actuarial Science), and 6 hours of electives that do not duplicate course work chosen to meet the chosen emphasis (Statistics or Actuarial Science) core requirement.

Required | ||

Mathematics: | ||

Common core: | 15 | |

Calculus I ^{*} | ||

Calculus II | ||

Calculus III | ||

Linear Algebra for Applications | ||

Statistics/Actuarial Science core: | 9 | |

Introductory Statistics for Life Sciences | ||

Introduction to Statistical Methods | ||

Introduction to Mathematical Statistics | ||

Introduction to Probability | ||

Computer Science: | 3-4 | |

Select one of the following: | ||

Visual BASIC Programming | ||

C/C++ Programming | ||

Introduction to Computing | ||

Seminar/research: | 1-3 | |

Senior Mathematics Seminar | ||

Undergraduate Research in Mathematics | ||

Select and complete ONE of the following Emphasis Cores: | 9 | |

Statistics Emphasis Core: | ||

Select three from the following: | ||

Applied Statistical Methods for Research | ||

Regression Analysis | ||

Design and Analysis of Experiments | ||

Applied Multivariate Statistical Analysis | ||

Actuarial Science Emphasis Core: | ||

Select three from the following: | ||

Mathematics of Finance | ||

Actuarial Mathematics | ||

Topics in Actuarial Science | ||

Loss Models | ||

Introduction to Financial Engineering | ||

Electives | 6 | |

Select two from the following: | ||

Applied Statistical Methods for Research | ||

Regression Analysis | ||

Spatial Data Analysis | ||

Statistical Computing I | ||

Design and Analysis of Experiments | ||

Statistical Quality Assurance Methods | ||

Applied Multivariate Statistical Analysis | ||

Actuarial Examination Preparation ^{**} | ||

Actuarial Mathematics | ||

Topics in Actuarial Science | ||

Statistical Computing II | ||

Introduction to Financial Engineering | ||

Loss Models | ||

Numerical Analysis | ||

Mathematics of Finance | ||

Total Hours | 43-46 |

* | MATH 1420 (800:060) has prerequisite of satisfactory score on mathematics placement exam or subsequent remediation. |

** | ACT SCI 3731 (800:146) may be repeated for credit for preparation for different exams, however only 3 hours will count toward the Statistics/Actuarial Science major. |

### Mathematics Major-Teaching

The Mathematics-Teaching major requires a minimum of 122-123 total hours to graduate.

This total includes Liberal Arts Core requirements, the Professional Education Requirements, and the following specified major requirements to complete the minimum of 122-123 hours.

Required | ||

Mathematics: | ||

Common core: | 15 | |

Calculus I ^{*} | ||

Calculus II | ||

Calculus III | ||

Linear Algebra for Applications | ||

Teaching core: | 25 | |

Technology and Programming for Secondary Mathematics Teachers | ||

Introduction to Teaching Secondary Mathematics | ||

Discrete and Argumentative Mathematics | ||

Field Experience in Teaching Secondary Mathematics | ||

The Teaching of Secondary Mathematics | ||

Connections: University Mathematics and the Secondary Curriculum | ||

History of Mathematics: To the Calculus | ||

Topics in Secondary Mathematics | ||

Euclidean Geometry | ||

Modern Algebra I | ||

Probability and Statistics: | 3-6 | |

Select one of the following. MATH/STAT 3751 will not satisfy this requirement if a student has credit for STAT 1772 (800:072). | ||

Probability and Statistics | ||

Introduction to Statistical Methods and Introduction to Probability | ||

Introduction to Statistical Methods and Applied Statistical Methods for Research | ||

Select two of the following: | 6 | |

NOTE: Other junior/senior level mathematics courses may be substituted here with approval of Advisor and Department Head. | ||

Modern Geometries | ||

Modern Algebra II | ||

Elementary Number Theory | ||

Geometric Transformations | ||

Computer Science: | 3-4 | |

Select one of the following: | ||

Media Computation | ||

Visual BASIC Programming | ||

Programming Environments for Secondary Education | ||

C/C++ Programming | ||

Introduction to Computing | ||

Total Hours | 52-56 |

* | MATH 1420 (800:060) has a prerequisite of satisfactory score on mathematics placement exam or subsequent remediation. |

Notes: For departmental approval to student teach, a student in the program must satisfy the University requirements to student teach and the following specific departmental requirements:

1) Must earn a C– or better in: MATH 1420, MATH 1421, MATH 2500, MATH 2900, MATH 3302, MATH 3600/5600, MATH 4500/5500, and courses taken to satisfy the Probability and Statistics and Computer Science requirements.

2) Must earn a grade of C or higher in: MATH 2303 and MATH 3304.

3) Must complete all of the courses in the major with a major grade point average of 2.50 or higher

### Minors

#### Mathematics Minor

Required | ||

Mathematics: | 11 | |

Calculus I ^{*} | ||

Calculus II | ||

Linear Algebra for Applications | ||

Electives | 12 | |

Mathematics: | ||

Calculus III | ||

Discrete and Argumentative Mathematics | ||

Topics in Actuarial Science | ||

Dynamical Systems: Chaos Theory and Fractals | ||

Combinatorics | ||

Differential Equations | ||

Numerical Analysis | ||

Partial Differential Equations | ||

Euclidean Geometry | ||

Modern Geometries | ||

Differential Geometry | ||

History of Mathematics: To the Calculus | ||

Probability and Statistics | ||

Introduction to Probability | ||

Advanced Calculus II | ||

Elementary Number Theory | ||

Introduction to Complex Analysis | ||

Advanced Calculus I | ||

Modern Algebra I | ||

Modern Algebra II | ||

Geometric Transformations | ||

Topology I | ||

Introduction to Mathematical Statistics | ||

Regression Analysis | ||

Statistical Quality Assurance Methods | ||

Applied Multivariate Statistical Analysis | ||

Total Hours | 23 |

* | MATH 1420 (800:060) has prerequisite of satisfactory score on mathematics placement exam or subsequent remediation. |

#### Mathematics Minor-Teaching

Required | ||

Mathematics: | ||

MATH 1420 (800:060) | Calculus I ^{*} | 4 |

MATH 1421 (800:061) | Calculus II | 4 |

Select one of the following: | 3 | |

Introduction to Statistical Methods | ||

Introductory Statistics for Life Sciences | ||

Probability and Statistics | ||

MATH 2303 | Introduction to Teaching Secondary Mathematics | 3 |

MATH 2500 (800:076) | Linear Algebra for Applications | 3 |

MATH 2900 | Discrete and Argumentative Mathematics | 3 |

MATH 3600/5600 (800:166g) | Euclidean Geometry | 3 |

MATH 4500/5500 (800:160g) | Modern Algebra I | 3 |

MATH 3302 | Field Experience in Teaching Secondary Mathematics | 1 |

MATH 3304 (800:190) | The Teaching of Secondary Mathematics | 3 |

Computer Science: | ||

Select one of the following: | 3-4 | |

Media Computation | ||

Visual BASIC Programming | ||

Programming Environments for Secondary Education | ||

C/C++ Programming | ||

Introduction to Computing | ||

Total Hours | 33-34 |

* | MATH 1420 (800:060) has prerequisite of satisfactory score on mathematics placement exam or subsequent remediation. |

Notes: For departmental approval to student teach, a student in the program must satisfy the University requirements to student teach and the following specific departmental requirements:

1) Must earn a C– or better in MATH 1420, MATH 1421, MATH 2500, MATH 2900, MATH 3302, MATH 3600, MATH 4500, and STAT 1772 or STAT 1774 or MATH 3751.

2) Must earn a grade of C or higher in MATH 2303 and MATH 3304.

3) Must complete all of the courses in the mathematics teaching minor with a grade point average of 2.50 or higher

#### Mathematics Minor (K-8)-Teaching

Required | ||

Mathematics: | ||

MATH 1204 | Mathematical Reasoning for Elementary Teachers I | 3 |

MATH 2204 | Mathematical Reasoning for Elementary Teachers II | 3 |

MATH 3204 | Mathematical Reasoning for Elementary Teachers III | 3 |

MATH 3211 (800:111g) | Introduction to Algebraic Thinking for Elementary Teachers | 3 |

MATH 3212/5212 (800:112g) | Introduction to Geometry and Measurement for Elementary Teachers | 3 |

MATH 3213/5213 (800:113g) | Topics in Mathematics for Grades K-8 | 3 |

MATH 3214/5214 (800:114g) | Problem Solving in Mathematics for Elementary Teachers | 3 |

MATH 3215 (800:192) | Mathematics for Elementary Students with Special Needs | 1 |

Computer Science: | ||

CS 1150 | Programming Environments for Elementary Education | 2 |

Total Hours | 24 |

#### Statistics and Actuarial Science Minor

Required | ||

Mathematics: | ||

MATH 1420 (800:060) | Calculus I ^{*} | 4 |

MATH 1421 (800:061) | Calculus II | 4 |

STAT 1774 (800:064) | Introductory Statistics for Life Sciences | 3 |

or STAT 1772 (800:072) | Introduction to Statistical Methods | |

MATH 3752/5752 (800:152g) | Introduction to Probability | 3 |

Electives | 9 | |

Mathematics: | ||

Select three of the following: | ||

Actuarial Examination Preparation | ||

Topics in Actuarial Science | ||

Introduction to Financial Engineering | ||

Calculus III | ||

Linear Algebra for Applications | ||

Mathematics of Finance | ||

Applied Statistical Methods for Research | ||

Introduction to Mathematical Statistics | ||

Regression Analysis | ||

Spatial Data Analysis | ||

Statistical Computing I | ||

Design and Analysis of Experiments | ||

Statistical Quality Assurance Methods | ||

Applied Multivariate Statistical Analysis | ||

Total Hours | 23 |

* | MATH 1420 (800:060) has a prerequisite of satisfactory score on mathematics placement exam or subsequent remediation. |

## Master of Arts Degree Programs

### Major in Mathematics

The major in Mathematics is available in three emphases: Mathematics, Secondary Teaching, and Community College Teaching.

**Only graduate courses (course numbers 5000 or above) will apply to a graduate degree, even if the undergraduate course number (4999 or less) is listed. No exceptions will be made.**

The Mathematics emphasis is available on the **thesis** and **non-thesis** options. A **minimum of 36 hours** is required for the **thesis** option, including 6 hours of MATH 6299 (800:299) and a **minimum of 15 additional hours of 200/6000-level course work.** A **minimum of 33 hours** is required for the **non-thesis** option, including a minimum of 3 hours of MATH 6299 (800:299) and a **minimum of 15 additional hours of 200/6000-level course work.**

The Secondary Teaching emphasis is offered on a **non-thesis** option only; a **minimum of 32 hours,** including a **minimum of 18 hours of 200/6000-level course work **is required.

The Community College Teaching emphasis is offered on a **non-thesis** option only; **a minimum of 33 hours**, including a **minimum of 15 hours of 200/6000-level course work **is required.

Students interested in this program must submit a completed Application for Admission to Graduate Study and should refer to their MyUNIverse Student Center To-Do list or contact the Department of Mathematics for other application requirements. Graduate information and application for graduate admission can be found at www.grad.uni.edu/admission.

The Graduate Record Examination (General Test) **is not** required for admission to the program.

Courses taken to satisfy B.A. requirements may not be repeated to count toward the graduate program.

Successful completion of a final written comprehensive examination is required for the **non-thesis option on the Mathematics emphasis only**.

#### Mathematics Emphasis

Required | ||

Mathematics: | ||

MATH 3630/5630 (800:155g) | Differential Geometry | 3 |

or MATH 4615/5615 (800:189g) | Geometric Transformations | |

MATH 6420 (800:201) | Mathematical Analysis I | 3 |

MATH 6460 (800:203) | Complex Analysis I | 3 |

MATH 6500 (800:240) | Abstract Algebra I | 3 |

Select at least two of the following: | 6 | |

Mathematical Analysis II | ||

Complex Analysis II | ||

Abstract Algebra II | ||

Research: | 3 or 6 | |

Research ^{*} | ||

Thesis option (6 hours) | ||

Non-thesis option (3 hours) | ||

Electives | 12 | |

Mathematics: | ||

Select 12 hours from any of the courses listed above that were not used for the requirements there or from among the following: | ||

Topics in Actuarial Science | ||

Differential Equations | ||

Partial Differential Equations | ||

Numerical Analysis | ||

Combinatorics | ||

History of Mathematics: To the Calculus | ||

Introduction to Probability | ||

Advanced Calculus II | ||

Introduction to Complex Analysis | ||

Modern Algebra II | ||

Topology I | ||

Theory of Numbers | ||

Topics in the History of Mathematics | ||

Topics in Mathematical Logic and Set Theory | ||

Topics in Probability and Statistics | ||

Introduction to Mathematical Statistics | ||

Regression Analysis | ||

Statistical Quality Assurance Methods | ||

Applied Multivariate Statistical Analysis | ||

Total hours thesis option | 36 | |

Total hours non-thesis option | 33 |

#### Secondary Teaching Emphasis

The Secondary Teaching emphasis is designed for secondary school mathematics teachers interested in developing a deeper background in mathematics and pedagogy to enhance teaching and increase student learning.

Required | ||

Mathematics Education: | ||

MATH 6201 (800:220) | New Developments in Mathematics Education | 3 |

MATH 6203 (800:222) | Contemporary Assessment in Mathematics Education I | 2 |

MATH 6208 | Contemporary Assessment in Mathematics Education II | 1 |

MATH 6212 (800:211) | Algebraic Content and Pedagogy for Teachers | 3 |

MATH 6215 | Geometric Content and Pedagogy for Teachers | 3 |

MATH 6230 | Reflective Teaching-Cognitive Demand of Mathematical Tasks | 1 |

MATH 6231 | Reflective Teaching-Classroom Discourse | 1 |

MATH 6232 | Reflective Teaching: Meaningful Distributed Instruction | 1 |

MATH 6234 | Reflective Teaching: Leadership | 1 |

MATH 6235 | Reflective Teaching: Investigation of Classroom Practice | 1 |

MATH 6381 (800:281) | Current Research in Mathematics Education | 3 |

Mathematics: | ||

MATH 6370 (800:270) | Applied Linear Statistical Methods | 3 |

MATH 6410 | Foundations of Calculus | 3 |

Select two courses from the following: | 6 | |

Modern Algebra II | ||

Abstract Algebra I | ||

Probability and Statistical Inference | ||

Topics in Discrete Mathematics | ||

Non-Euclidean Geometry | ||

Total Hours | 32 |

#### Community College Teaching Emphasis

The Community College Teaching emphasis is designed to serve those seeking to prepare for a career in community college teaching or working professionals in the field who are seeking career advancement.

Required: | ||

Mathematics Education: | ||

MATH 6201 (800:220) | New Developments in Mathematics Education | 3 |

MATH 6208 | Contemporary Assessment in Mathematics Education II | 1 |

MATH 6230 | Reflective Teaching-Cognitive Demand of Mathematical Tasks | 1 |

MATH 6231 | Reflective Teaching-Classroom Discourse | 1 |

MATH 6232 | Reflective Teaching: Meaningful Distributed Instruction | 1 |

MATH 6234 | Reflective Teaching: Leadership | 1 |

MATH 6235 | Reflective Teaching: Investigation of Classroom Practice | 1 |

MATH 6381 (800:281) | Current Research in Mathematics Education | 3 |

Mathematics: | ||

MATH 4501/5501 (800:162g) | Modern Algebra II | 3 |

or MATH 6500 (800:240) | Abstract Algebra I | |

MATH 6370 (800:270) | Applied Linear Statistical Methods | 3 |

MATH 6371 (800:271) | Probability and Statistical Inference | 3 |

MATH 6410 | Foundations of Calculus | 3 |

MATH 6530 (800:243) | Topics in Discrete Mathematics | 3 |

MATH 6670 (800:267) | Non-Euclidean Geometry | 3 |

Postsecondary Education: | ||

POSTSEC 6260 (170:260) | History of U.S. Higher Education | 3 |

Total Hours | 33 |

### Major in Mathematics for the Middle Grades (4-8)

This major is intended for teachers interested in mathematics for the middle grades (4-8) and for mathematics specialists and supervisors. Teacher licensure is a prerequisite for completing the program approval process for this major. Normally, candidates will have at least 2 years teaching experience.

Students interested in this program must submit a completed Application for Admission to Graduate Study and should refer to their MyUNIverse Student Center To-Do list or contact the Department of Mathematics for other application requirements. Graduate information and application for graduate admission can be found at www.grad.uni.edu/admission.

The Graduate Record Examination (General Test) **is not** required for admission to the program.

**Only graduate courses (course numbers 5000 or above) will apply to a graduate degree, even if the undergraduate course number (4999 or less) is listed. No exceptions will be made.**

This major is available on the **non-thesis** option only; a **minimum of 32 hours** is required. **A minimum of 15 hours of 200/6000-level course work is required.**

Required | ||

Mathematics Education: | ||

MATH 6201 (800:220) | New Developments in Mathematics Education | 3 |

MATH 6203 (800:222) | Contemporary Assessment in Mathematics Education I | 2 |

MATH 6204 (800:191g) | Contemporary Mathematics Curricula | 2 |

MATH 6205 (800:215) | Teaching Rational Numbers and Proportionality | 3 |

MATH 6208 | Contemporary Assessment in Mathematics Education II | 1 |

MATH 6210 (800:237) | Technology in Middle Grades Mathematics | 1 |

MATH 6212 (800:211) | Algebraic Content and Pedagogy for Teachers | 3 |

MATH 6215 | Geometric Content and Pedagogy for Teachers | 3 |

MATH 6224 (800:236) | Mathematics for the Middle Grades Teachers I | 3 |

MATH 6226 (800:238) | Mathematics for the Middle Grades Teacher II | 3 |

MATH 6230 | Reflective Teaching-Cognitive Demand of Mathematical Tasks | 1 |

MATH 6231 | Reflective Teaching-Classroom Discourse | 1 |

MATH 6232 | Reflective Teaching: Meaningful Distributed Instruction | 1 |

MATH 6234 | Reflective Teaching: Leadership | 1 |

MATH 6235 | Reflective Teaching: Investigation of Classroom Practice | 1 |

MATH 6381 (800:281) | Current Research in Mathematics Education | 3 |

Total Hours | 32 |

## Professional Science Master’s Degree Program

### Major in Industrial Mathematics

The Professional Science Master’s Degree in Industrial Mathematics is designed to prepare students for a career in industry. The curriculum combines a business and experiential component with advanced course work.

Students interested in this program must submit a completed Application for Admission to Graduate Study and should refer to their MyUNIverse Student Center To-Do list or contact the Department of Mathematics for any other application requirements. Graduate information and application for graduate admission can be found at www.grad.uni.edu/admission.

The Graduate Record Examination (General Test)** is not** required for admission to the program.

**Only graduate courses (course numbers 5000 or above) will apply to a graduate degree, even if the undergraduate course number (4999 or less) is listed. No exceptions will be made.**

This major is a **non-thesis** program. A **minimum of 30 hours** is required. **A minimum of 12 hours of 6000-level course work is required.**

No comprehensive examination is required for this **non-thesis** option.

Requirements for admission to the program include the completion of a bachelor’s degree with a GPA of 3.00 or higher and successful completion of the following university-level courses:

##### Prerequisite Courses:

MATH 1420 (800:060) | Calculus I | 4 |

MATH 1421 (800:061) | Calculus II | 4 |

MATH 2422 (800:062) | Calculus III | 4 |

MATH 2500 (800:076) | Linear Algebra for Applications | 3 |

STAT 1772 (800:072) | Introduction to Statistical Methods | 3 |

One course in computer programming (or equivalent): | ||

CS 1130 (810:030) | Visual BASIC Programming | 3 |

CS 1160 (810:036) | C/C++ Programming | 3 |

CS 1510 (810:051) | Introduction to Computing | 4 |

This major requires completion of 9 hours of the PSM Industrial Mathematics core, and 21 hours of electives.

Required Core: | ||

MATH 6745 (800:250) | Deterministic Operations Research | 3 |

MATH 6747 (800:252) | Discrete-Event System Simulation | 3 |

MATH 6796 | PSM Capstone Project | 3 |

Electives from the following: | 21 | |

Marketing: | ||

Marketing Strategy | ||

Marketing Management | ||

Management: | ||

Strategic Planning and Organization Analysis | ||

Cross-Functional Operations | ||

Finance: | ||

Corporation Finance | ||

Principles of Investments | ||

Financial Management and Markets | ||

Technology: | ||

Advanced CAD and Modeling | ||

Computer Aided Manufacturing | ||

Mathematics: | ||

Actuarial Mathematics | ||

Topics in Actuarial Science | ||

Introduction to Financial Engineering | ||

Loss Models | ||

Differential Equations | ||

Partial Differential Equations | ||

Numerical Analysis | ||

Combinatorics | ||

Differential Geometry | ||

Introduction to Probability | ||

Mathematics of Finance | ||

Introduction to Complex Analysis | ||

Probabilistic Operations Research | ||

Modeling Industrial Systems Using Queueing Networks | ||

Topics in Probability and Statistics | ||

Applied Statistical Methods for Research | ||

Introduction to Mathematical Statistics | ||

Regression Analysis | ||

Spatial Data Analysis | ||

Statistical Computing I | ||

Design and Analysis of Experiments | ||

Statistical Quality Assurance Methods | ||

Applied Multivariate Statistical Analysis | ||

Statistical Computing II | ||

Advanced Statistical Methods | ||

Computer Science: | ||

Networking | ||

Computer Systems | ||

Physics: | ||

Modeling and Simulation of Physical Systems | ||

Total Hours | 30 |

## Program Certificates

The University of Northern Iowa makes available, in addition to traditional programs, the opportunity for students to earn program certificates. Program certificates provide an alternative to programs leading to a degree, a major, or a minor; they certify that an individual has completed a program approved by the university. For information on the following certificates, contact the Department of Mathematics or the Office of the Registrar, which serves as the centralized registry.

### Statistical Computing Certificate

Required: | ||

STAT 3771/5771 (800:121g) | Applied Statistical Methods for Research | 3 |

STAT 4772/5772 (800:122g) | Statistical Computing I | 3 |

STAT 4782/5782 | Statistical Computing II | 3 |

Electives: 6 hours from the following | 6 | |

Regression Analysis | ||

Spatial Data Analysis | ||

Design and Analysis of Experiments | ||

Applied Multivariate Statistical Analysis | ||

Any other courses with the consent of the mathematics department | ||

Total Hours | 15 |

**Mathematics, B.A.**

Freshman | ||
---|---|---|

Fall | Hour | |

Social Science - Group A (1 Course) | 3 | |

University Electives | 6 | |

ENGLISH 1005 (620:005) | College Writing and Research | 3 |

MATH 1420 (800:060) | Calculus I | 4 |

Hours | 16 | |

Spring | ||

Fine Arts | 3 | |

COMM 1000 (48C:001) | Oral Communication | 3 |

MATH 2500 (800:076) | Linear Algebra for Applications | 3 |

HUM 1021 (680:021) | Humanities I: The Ancient, Classical, and Medieval Worlds | 3 |

MATH 1421 (800:061) | Calculus II | 4 |

Hours | 16 | |

Sophomore | ||

Fall | ||

University Electives | 3 | |

Physical Sciences | 3-4 | |

HUM 1022 (680:022) | Humanities II: The Renaissance, Reformation, and Enlightenment | 3 |

MATH 2422 (800:062) | Calculus III | 4 |

MATH 2900 | Discrete and Argumentative Mathematics | 3 |

Hours | 16-17 | |

Spring | ||

Mathematics elective as specified | 3 | |

Social Science - Group B (1 Course) | 3 | |

University Electives | 6 | |

Life Sciences | 3-4 | |

Hours | 15-16 | |

Junior | ||

Fall | ||

MATH 3751/STAT 3751 | 3 | |

MATH 4500 or MATH 4420 | 3 | |

HPELS 1020 | Dimensions of Wellbeing Lecture | 1 |

HPELS 1030 | Dimensions of Wellbeing Lab | 1 |

Non-Western Cultures | 3 | |

University Electives | 3 | |

Hours | 14 | |

Spring | ||

Mathematics elective as specified | 3 | |

Social Science-Group C | 3 | |

University Electives | 6 | |

MATH 4501 or MATH 4421 | 3 | |

Hours | 15 | |

Senior | ||

Fall | ||

MATH 4420 or MATH 4500 | 3 | |

University Electives | 12 | |

Hours | 15 | |

Spring | ||

Literature, Philosophy Or Religion | 3 | |

University Electives | 6 | |

MATH 4421 or MATH 4501 | 3 | |

MATH 4900 (800:194) | Senior Mathematics Seminar | 1 |

Hours | 13 | |

Total Hours | 120-122 |

* | Note: A student who has a grade point average of less than 2.25 in all departmental courses used for this major may not apply a departmental course in which a grade of less than C- is earned. |

**Mathematics Teaching, B.A.**

Freshman | ||
---|---|---|

Fall | Hour | |

Social Science - Group A (1 Course) | 3 | |

CS 1140 | Programming Environments for Secondary Education | 3 |

ENGLISH 1005 (620:005) | College Writing and Research | 3 |

HUM 1021 (680:021) | Humanities I: The Ancient, Classical, and Medieval Worlds | 3 |

MATH 1420 (800:060) | Calculus I | 4 |

Hours | 16 | |

Spring | ||

Life Sciences | 3-4 | |

COMM 1000 (48C:001) | Oral Communication | 3 |

MATH 1310 (800:096) | Technology and Programming for Secondary Mathematics Teachers | 3 |

MATH 1421 (800:061) | Calculus II | 4 |

Hours | 13-14 | |

Sophomore | ||

Fall | ||

Fine Arts | 3 | |

Physical Sciences | 3-4 | |

TEACHING 2017 | Level 1 Field Experience: Exploring Teaching | 1 |

EDPSYCH 2030 (200:030) | Dynamics of Human Development | 3 |

MATH 2500 (800:076) | Linear Algebra for Applications | 3 |

MATH 2900 | Discrete and Argumentative Mathematics | 3 |

Hours | 16-17 | |

Spring | ||

MATH 2303 | Introduction to Teaching Secondary Mathematics | 3 |

MATH 2422 (800:062) | Calculus III | 4 |

MATH 3600/5600 (800:166g) | Euclidean Geometry | 3 |

TEACHING 3128 | Level 2 Field Experience: Teacher as a Change Agent | 1 |

EDPSYCH 3148 (200:148) | Learning and Motivation in Classroom Contexts | 3 |

MEASRES 3150 (250:150) | Classroom Assessment | 2 |

Hours | 16 | |

Junior | ||

Fall | ||

Literature, Philosophy Or Religion | 3 | |

Non Western Cultures | 3 | |

MATH 3751 (800:173) | Probability and Statistics | 3 |

MATH 4500/5500 (800:160g) | Modern Algebra I | 3 |

MATH 3313 | Topics in Secondary Mathematics | 3 |

SPED 3150 (220:150) | Meeting the Needs of Diverse Learners in Classrooms | 2 |

Hours | 17 | |

Spring | ||

MATH 3305 (800:183) | Connections: University Mathematics and the Secondary Curriculum | 3 |

MATH 4510 or MATH 4501 | 3 | |

HPELS 1020 | Dimensions of Wellbeing Lecture | 1 |

HPELS 1030 | Dimensions of Wellbeing Lab | 1 |

HUM 1022 (680:022) | Humanities II: The Renaissance, Reformation, and Enlightenment | 3 |

SOCFOUND 3119 (260:119) | Schools and American Society | 3 |

Hours | 14 | |

Senior | ||

Fall | ||

MATH 3304 (800:190) | The Teaching of Secondary Mathematics | 3 |

MATH 3302 | Field Experience in Teaching Secondary Mathematics | 1 |

MATH 4615/5615 (800:189g) | Geometric Transformations | 3 |

TEACHING 4170/5170 (280:170g) | Human Relations: Awareness and Application | 3 |

Social Science-Group B | 3 | |

University Elective | 3 | |

Hours | 16 | |

Spring | ||

TEACHING 3138 (280:138) | Secondary School Teaching | 12 |

Hours | 12 | |

Total Hours | 120-122 |

**Mathematics: Statistics/Actuarial Sciences, B.A.**

Freshman | ||
---|---|---|

Fall | Hour | |

STAT 1772 (800:072) | Introduction to Statistical Methods | 3 |

ECON 1041 (920:053) | Principles of Macroeconomics | 3 |

ENGLISH 1005 (620:005) | College Writing and Research | 3 |

MGMT 2080 (150:080) | Introduction to Information Systems | 3 |

MATH 1420 (800:060) | Calculus I | 4 |

Hours | 16 | |

Spring | ||

COMM 1000 (48C:001) | Oral Communication | 3 |

MATH 3780/5780 (800:145g) | Mathematics of Finance | 3 |

ECON 1051 (920:054) | Principles of Microeconomics | 3 |

MATH 1421 (800:061) | Calculus II | 4 |

Humanities | 3 | |

Hours | 16 | |

Sophomore | ||

Fall | ||

MATH 2500 (800:076) | Linear Algebra for Applications | 3 |

MATH 3752/5752 (800:152g) | Introduction to Probability | 3 |

ACCT 2120 (120:030) | Principles of Financial Accounting | 3 |

ECON 1011 or STAT 3771 | 3 | |

Humanities | 3 | |

Hours | 15 | |

Spring | ||

MATH 2422 (800:062) | Calculus III | 4 |

STAT 3775/5775 (800:174g) | Introduction to Mathematical Statistics | 3 |

Life Sciences | 3-4 | |

Visual BASIC recommended | 3 | |

Hours | 13-14 | |

Junior | ||

Fall | ||

FIN 3130/5130 (160:151g) | Corporation Finance | 3 |

STAT 3776/5776 (800:175g) | Regression Analysis | 3 |

ACT SCI 4735/5735 (800:153g) | Actuarial Mathematics | 3 |

Sociocultural And Historical Perspectives | 3 | |

University Electives | 4 | |

Hours | 16 | |

Spring | ||

Physical Sciences | 3-4 | |

ACT SCI 4739/5739 (800:158g) | Topics in Actuarial Science | 3 |

ACT SCI 4785/5785 (800:197g) | Introduction to Financial Engineering | 3 |

FIN 3160/5160 (160:152g) | Principles of Investments | 3 |

MKTG 2110 (130:101) | Principles of Marketing | 3 |

Hours | 15-16 | |

Senior | ||

Fall | ||

FIN 3050 (160:162) | Risk Management and Insurance | 3 |

MGMT 3100 (150:100) | Legal and Social Environment of Business | 3 |

ACT SCI 4788/5788 (800:170g) | Loss Models | 3 |

HPELS 1020 | Dimensions of Wellbeing Lecture | 1 |

HPELS 1030 | Dimensions of Wellbeing Lab | 1 |

Capstone Experience | 2 | |

Fine Arts | 3 | |

Hours | 16 | |

Spring | ||

MATH 4900 (800:194) | Senior Mathematics Seminar | 1 |

Literature, Philosophy Or Religion | 3 | |

Non-Western Cultures | 3 | |

Social Science-Group C | 3 | |

MGMT 3153 (150:153) | Organizational Management | 3 |

Hours | 13 | |

Total Hours | 120-122 |

* | Note: A student who has a grade point average of less that 2.25 in all departmental courses used for this major may not apply a departmental course in which a grade of less than C- is earned. |

### Actuarial Science Courses

**ACT SCI 3731 (800:146). Actuarial Examination Preparation — 3 hrs.**

Strengthening student skills solving computational problems similar to those included on actuarial examinations. Analyzing and practicing appropriate choice of problem solving techniques and strategies. May be repeated for credit for preparation for different examinations. (Fall and Spring)

**ACT SCI 3780/5780 (800:145g). Mathematics of Finance — 3 hrs.**

Measurement of interest, annuities, yield rates, amortization and sinking funds, bonds, term structure of interest rates, interest rate sensitivity, stocks and derivatives, elements of risk management. Prerequisite(s): MATH 1420 (800:060); junior standing. (Same as MATH 3780/5780 (800:145g)) (Fall and Spring)

**ACT SCI 3790. Introduction to Actuarial Science — 1 hr.**

Fundamental concepts of actuarial science; actuarial areas of practice; connections between coursework and actuarial practice; key competencies for actuaries, development of computing and communications skills in the context of actuarial science. Prerequisite(s): ACT SCI 3780/5780 (800:145g)/MATH 3780/5780 (800:145g). (Fall and Spring)

**ACT SCI 4735/5735 (800:153g). Actuarial Mathematics — 3 hrs.**

Survival distributions and life tables, life insurance, life annuities, benefit premiums. Prerequisite(s): MATH 3752/5752 (800:152g); junior standing. (Even Falls)

**ACT SCI 4739/5739 (800:158g). Topics in Actuarial Science — 3 hrs.**

Topics from mathematics of life contingencies, risk theory, survival analysis, construction of actuarial tables, demography, gradation. May be repeated on different topic with consent of instructor. Prerequisite(s): MATH 3752/5752 (800:152g); junior standing. (Spring)

**ACT SCI 4785/5785 (800:197g). Introduction to Financial Engineering — 3 hrs.**

Financial derivatives, option pricing, Binomial model, Black-Scholes formula, Greeks and hedging, introduction to stochastic calculus, financial model simulation, Monte-Carlo valuation. Prerequisite(s): MATH 3752/5752 (800:152g); junior standing. (Spring)

**ACT SCI 4788/5788 (800:170g). Loss Models — 3 hrs.**

Applied probability methods used in modeling loss. Loss distributions, aggregate loss models, credibility theory and long term models. Prerequisite(s): MATH 3752/5752 (800:152g); STAT 3775/5775 (800:174g); junior standing. (Odd Falls)

### Mathematics Courses

**MATH 100. Intermediate Algebra — 3 hrs.**

Fundamental mathematical concepts; functions and graphs; solutions of equations; systems of equations and inequalities; matrices and determinants. Successful completion will satisfy the university's high school mathematics requirement. Does not count toward minimum hours required for baccalaureate degree. (Fall)

**MATH 1100 (800:023). Mathematics in Decision Making — 3 hrs.**

Selection of mathematical topics and their applications with an emphasis on mathematical reasoning. Topics include probability and statistics. (Fall, Spring, Summer)

**MATH 1110 (800:043). Analysis for Business Students — 3 hrs.**

Analysis and interpretation of data using numerical, graphical, and functional viewpoints; linear and exponential functions; modeling data using functions. No credit for students with credit in MATH 1140 (800:046) or MATH 1120 (800:056). (Fall and Spring)

**MATH 1120 (800:056). Mathematics for Biological Sciences — 3 hrs.**

Proportional reasoning, linear functions and linear regression, exponential functions, and logarithmic functions with scientific applications. No credit for students with credit in MATH 1110 (800:043) or MATH 1140 (800:046). (Fall and Spring)

**MATH 1130 (800:044). Trigonometry — 2 hrs.**

Trigonometric functions, solution of triangles and applications of simple harmonic motion, polar coordinates, and vectors. No credit for students with credit in MATH 1140 (800:046). (Fall and Spring)

**MATH 1140 (800:046). Precalculus — 4 hrs.**

Pre-calculus mathematics; equations and inequalities; logarithms, exponential and circular functions; analytic trigonometry, analytic geometry, mathematical induction; applications. Credit reduced to 1 hour for students with credit in MATH 1110 (800:043) or MATH 1120 (800:056), and to 2 hours for students with credit in MATH 1130 (800:044). (Fall and Spring)

**MATH 1150 (800:048). Calculus for Technology — 4 hrs.**

Survey of analytic geometry and elementary calculus with emphasis on applications. May not be applied to Mathematics major or minor. Prerequisite(s): Satisfactory score on ALEKS exam or subsequent remediation. (Spring)

**MATH 1204. Mathematical Reasoning for Elementary Teachers I — 3 hrs.**

Mathematics as problem solving, communication, connections, and reasoning. Includes whole numbers, rational numbers, percent, and operations. Activities investigating these topics connect to elementary school mathematics. Primarily for education majors. (Fall and Spring)

**MATH 1210 (800:037). Technology for Elementary School Mathematics Teachers — 2 hrs.**

Survey of technologies used to develop mathematical thinking in elementary grades. Technologies addressed include calculators, LOGO, spreadsheets, Geometer's Sketchpad, other educational software, and the Internet. (Variable)

**MATH 1310 (800:096). Technology and Programming for Secondary Mathematics Teachers — 3 hrs.**

Introduction to technologies (calculators, spreadsheets, and dynamic geometric and statistical programs) used in mathematics classrooms (5-12). Activities to develop facility with the technologies and programming skills while addressing mathematics and pedagogical implications. Prerequisite(s) or corequisite(s): MATH 1420 (800:060). (Spring)

**MATH 1420 (800:060). Calculus I — 4 hrs.**

Limits, differentiation, introduction to integration including the fundamental theorem of calculus. Prerequisite(s): Satisfactory score on ALEKS exam or subsequent remediation. (Fall and Spring)

**MATH 1421 (800:061). Calculus II — 4 hrs.**

Integration techniques, sequences and series, applications. Prerequisite(s): C- or better in MATH 1420 (800:060). (Fall and Spring)

**MATH 1900 (800:090). Mathematical Problem Solving — 1 hr.**

Basic techniques used to solve challenging mathematics problems. Problems considered will come from a broad range of courses. Prepares students to take the William Lowell Putnam Examination and the Iowa Collegiate Mathematics Competition. May be repeated. (Fall and Spring)

**MATH 2204. Mathematical Reasoning for Elementary Teachers II — 3 hrs.**

Mathematics as problem solving, communication, connections, and reasoning. Includes data analysis, probability, and algebraic reasoning. Activities connected to elementary school mathematics. Designed for elementary education majors. Prerequisite(s): MATH 1204. (Fall and Spring)

**MATH 2303. Introduction to Teaching Secondary Mathematics — 3 hrs.**

Students will be introduced to National Council of Teachers of Mathematics Principles and Standards and research-based methods of teaching secondary mathematics while learning ways to teach proportional reasoning and rational numbers. Prerequisite(s): admitted to Teacher Education. (Fall and Spring)

**MATH 2422 (800:062). Calculus III — 4 hrs.**

The derivatives and integrals of multi-variable functions and their applications; Gauss', Green's, and Stokes' theorems. Prerequisite(s): for Mathematics majors and minors: C- or better in MATH 1421 (800:061) and MATH 2500 (800:076). Prerequisites for non-Mathematics majors and minors: C- or better in MATH 1421 (800:061); MATH 2500 (800:076) or consent of department. (Fall and Spring)

**MATH 2500 (800:076). Linear Algebra for Applications — 3 hrs.**

Gaussian elimination; matrix algebra; vector spaces, kernels, and other subspaces; orthogonal projection; eigenvalues and eigenvectors. Prerequisite(s): MATH 1420 (800:060). (Fall and Spring)

**MATH 2900. Discrete and Argumentative Mathematics — 3 hrs.**

Logical argument techniques. The writing process in a mathematical context. Theory of sets, functions, and relations. Elements of graph theory. Prerequisite(s): MATH 1420 (800:060). (Fall)

**MATH 3203 (800:134). Teaching Mathematics in the Elementary School — 3 hrs.**

Effective instructional models and strategies for teaching elementary school mathematics; involves selecting and designing mathematical tasks, creating an environment, and orchestrating discourse. Using and supplementing mathematics materials within a sound psychological framework for making instructional decisions. Prerequisite(s): MATH 3204; UNI and cumulative GPA of 2.50 or better; full admission to teacher education is required. (Fall, Spring, Summer)

**MATH 3204. Mathematical Reasoning for Elementary Teachers III — 3 hrs.**

Mathematics as problem solving, communication, connections, and reasoning. Includes geometry, measurement, and proportionality. Activities connected to elementary school mathematics. Designed for elementary education majors. Prerequisite(s): MATH 2204; UNI and cumulative GPA of 2.50 or better; junior standing or consent of department. (Fall and Spring)

**MATH 3211 (800:111g). Introduction to Algebraic Thinking for Elementary Teachers — 3 hrs.**

Investigation of problems involving patterns, variables, relations, functions, and their graphs. Exploration and representation of these problems using physical models and technology. Prerequisite(s): MATH 2204. (Fall and Spring)

**MATH 3212/5212 (800:112g). Introduction to Geometry and Measurement for Elementary Teachers — 3 hrs.**

Van Hiele levels of thinking. Investigation of two- and three-dimensional concepts, rigid transformations, symmetry, and spatial sense. Prerequisite(s): MATH 1210 (800:037); MATH 3204; junior standing. (Fall and Spring)

**MATH 3213/5213 (800:113g). Topics in Mathematics for Grades K-8 — 3 hrs.**

Investigation of number theory, extending ratio, proportion and probability with connections to rational numbers, algebra and geometry. Reasoning about topics in the context of the K-8 mathematics curriculum. Prerequisite(s): MATH 1210 (800:037); MATH 3204; junior standing. (Fall and Spring)

**MATH 3214/5214 (800:114g). Problem Solving in Mathematics for Elementary Teachers — 3 hrs.**

Strategies for constructing and communicating a mathematics problem-solving process. Analysis of resources and strategies to generate mathematics tasks and to create an effective problem-solving environment. Problem solving as a means of constructing mathematics knowledge. Prerequisite(s): MATH 3203 (800:134); at least one of MATH 3211 (800:111g), MATH 3212/5212 (800:112g), MATH 3213/5213 (800:113g); junior standing. (Fall and Spring)

**MATH 3215 (800:192). Mathematics for Elementary Students with Special Needs — 1 hr.**

Assessing, designing, and providing appropriate mathematical tasks for students with special needs. Prerequisite(s): MATH 3203 (800:134) or MATH 3304 (800:190). (Fall and Spring)

**MATH 3302. Field Experience in Teaching Secondary Mathematics — 1 hr.**

Field experience in which students are actively involved in preparing and teaching lessons in 6-12 mathematics classrooms. Teacher candidates will spend a minimum of 30 hours in math classrooms. In preparing, teaching and reflecting on their lessons, teacher candidates will be expected to draw on theory and research related to teaching and learning processes, motivation, and classroom management and to discuss these theory/practice connections in required written assignments. Prerequisite(s): TEACHING 3128; EDPSYCH 3148 (200:148); MEASRES 3150 (250:150); MATH 3600/5600 (800:166g); MATH 4500/5500 (800:160g). Corequisite(s): MATH 3304 (800:190). (Fall and Spring)

**MATH 3303 (800:188). The Teaching of Middle School/Junior High Mathematics — 3 hrs.**

Teaching strategies for grades 5-8; roles of content and methods; participation in a middle school/junior high teaching situation. Prerequisite(s): TEACHING 3128; EDPSYCH 3148 (200:148); 6 hours of 100/3000/4000-level courses in mathematics. (Variable)

**MATH 3304 (800:190). The Teaching of Secondary Mathematics — 3 hrs.**

Mathematics teaching strategies for grades 5-12; roles of content and methods; addressing the needs of diverse learners in secondary mathematics classes; assessing teaching and learning of secondary mathematics. Prerequisite(s): TEACHING 3128; EDPSYCH 3148 (200:148); MEASRES 3150 (250:150); MATH 4500/5500 (800:160g); MATH 3610/5610 (800:165g) or MATH 3600/5600 (800:166g); MATH 2303. (Fall and Spring)

**MATH 3305 (800:183). Connections: University Mathematics and the Secondary Curriculum — 3 hrs.**

Connections between the undergraduate mathematics major and the secondary mathematics curriculum. Consideration of modern algebra, modern geometry, probability and statistics, calculus and number theory in the context of the secondary mathematics curriculum. Prerequisite(s): 6 hours of 100/3000/4000-level courses in mathematics. Corequisite(s): EDPSYCH 3148 (200:148); MEASRES 3150 (250:150). Prerequisite(s) or corequisite(s): EDPSYCH 2030 (200:030); TEACHING 2017; TEACHING 3128; MATH 2303. (Spring)

**MATH 3313. Topics in Secondary Mathematics — 3 hrs.**

Investigation of selected topics from algebra, geometry and data analysis. Reasoning about topics in the context of the secondary mathematics curriculum. Prerequisite(s): MATH 2303. (Fall)

**MATH 3410/5410 (800:142g). Dynamical Systems: Chaos Theory and Fractals — 3 hrs.**

Historical background, including examples of dynamical systems; orbits, fixed points, and periodic points; one-dimensional and two-dimensional chaos; fractals: Julia sets, the Mandelbrot set, and fractal dimension; computer programs and dynamical systems. Prerequisite(s): MATH 1421 (800:061); MATH 2500 (800:076); junior standing. (Variable)

**MATH 3425/5425 (800:149g). Differential Equations — 3 hrs.**

Elementary theory and applications of first order differential equations; introduction to numerical techniques of solving differential equations; solutions of nth order linear differential equations with constant coefficients. Prerequisite(s): MATH 2422 (800:062); MATH 2500 (800:076); junior standing. (Fall)

**MATH 3430/5430 (800:150g). Partial Differential Equations — 3 hrs.**

Study of applied partial differential equations using heat, wave, and potential equations as basis; Fourier series and integrals; Laplace transformations. Prerequisite(s): MATH 3425/5425 (800:149g); junior standing. (Even Springs)

**MATH 3440/5440 (800:176g). Numerical Analysis — 3 hrs.**

Theory and application of standard numerical techniques dealing with nonlinear equations, systems of linear equations, interpolation and approximation, numerical differentiation and integration. Prerequisite(s): MATH 1421 (800:061); MATH 2500 (800:076); CS 1130 (810:030) or CS 1160 (810:036) or CS 1510 (810:051) or equivalent; junior standing. (Odd Falls)

**MATH 3530/5530 (800:143g). Combinatorics — 3 hrs.**

Various ways to enumerate elements of a set and graph theory. Appropriate for mathematics, mathematics education, computer science, and actuarial science students. Prerequisite(s): MATH 1420 (800:060) or CS 1800 (810:080); junior standing. (Fall and Spring)

**MATH 3600/5600 (800:166g). Euclidean Geometry — 3 hrs.**

Topics of plane geometry beyond a first course; compass and straightedge constructions, the nine-point circle, Ceva's and Menelaus' theorems, triangle centers, conics, and tessellations. Prerequisite(s): MATH 1420 (800:060) or equivalent; junior standing. (Spring and Even Falls)

**MATH 3610/5610 (800:165g). Modern Geometries — 3 hrs.**

Euclid's postulates serve as a model for studying various axiomatic systems defining incidence geometries. Geometries include finite geometries, plane geometry, neutral geometry, taxicab geometry, spherical geometry, and hyperbolic geometry. Prerequisite(s): MATH 2900 or MATH 3600/5600 (800:166g); junior standing. (Even Springs)

**MATH 3630/5630 (800:155g). Differential Geometry — 3 hrs.**

Analytic study of curves and surfaces in three-dimensional Euclidean space. Prerequisite(s): MATH 2422 (800:062); MATH 2500 (800:076); junior standing. (Odd Springs)

**MATH 3640/5640 (800:180g). History of Mathematics: To the Calculus — 3 hrs.**

Survey of mathematical activities of humankind in numeration and number systems, algebra, and number theory, from pre-history through the present day. Motives, influences, and methods affecting development of these mathematical topics in Mesopotamian, Egyptian, Greek, Islamic, Indian, Chinese, Native American, and Western civilizations. Ethnomathematics as related to these topics. Prerequisite(s): junior standing. (Fall)

**MATH 3751 (800:173). Probability and Statistics — 3 hrs.**

Descriptive statistics and graphical representations, basic concepts of probability and distributions, random variables, expectations, sampling theory, tests of statistical significance. Calculus is employed in developing and applying these ideas. Specific attention devoted to the use of technology in motivating and explaining concepts and techniques. No credit with credit in STAT 3770, credit reduced to 1 hour for students with credit in STAT 1772 (800:072). Prerequisite(s): MATH 1421 (800:061). (Same as STAT 3751) (Fall and Odd Springs)

**MATH 3752/5752 (800:152g). Introduction to Probability — 3 hrs.**

Axioms of probability, sample spaces having equally likely outcomes, conditional probability and independence, random variables, expectation, moment generating functions, jointly distributed random variables, weak law of large numbers, central limit theorem. Prerequisite(s): MATH 1421 (800:061); junior standing. (Same as STAT 3752/5752 (800:152g)) (Fall and Spring)

**MATH 3780/5780 (800:145g). Mathematics of Finance — 3 hrs.**

Measurement of interest, annuities, yield rates, amortization and sinking funds, bonds, term structure of interest rates, interest rate sensitivity, stocks and derivatives, elements of risk management. Prerequisite(s): MATH 1420 (800:060); junior standing. (Same as ACT SCI 3780/5780 (800:145g)) (Spring)

**MATH 4198 (800:198). Independent Study.**

(Variable)

**MATH 4420/5420 (800:140g). Advanced Calculus I — 3 hrs.**

Algebraic and topological structure of the reals; limits and continuity; theory of differentiability of functions of a single real variable. Prerequisite(s): MATH 2422 (800:062); MATH 2500 (800:076); MATH 2900 or consent of the instructor; junior standing. (Fall)

**MATH 4421/5421 (800:141g). Advanced Calculus II — 3 hrs.**

Riemann integration; sequences and series of functions; introduction to Lebesgue integration. Prerequisite(s): MATH 4420/5420 (800:140g); junior standing. (Spring)

**MATH 4460/5460 (800:156g). Introduction to Complex Analysis — 3 hrs.**

Algebraic and geometric structure of of complex number system; elementary functions and mappings; differentiation and integration of functions of a single complex variable; analytic and harmonic functions. Prerequisite(s): MATH 2422 (800:062); junior standing. (Even Springs)

**MATH 4500/5500 (800:160g). Modern Algebra I — 3 hrs.**

Introduction to study of algebraic systems. Groups, rings, fields, homomorphisms and isomorphisms. Prerequisite(s): MATH 2500 (800:076); MATH 2900; junior standing. (Fall and Spring)

**MATH 4501/5501 (800:162g). Modern Algebra II — 3 hrs.**

Basic properties of rings, integral domains and fields. Polynomials over fields, field extensions, straightedge and compass constructions. Prerequisite(s): MATH 4500/5500 (800:160g); junior standing. (Spring)

**MATH 4510/5510 (800:144g). Elementary Number Theory — 3 hrs.**

Topics from properties of integers, prime numbers, congruences, cryptography, Pythagorean triples, Diophantine equations, Fermat's last theorem, Fibonacci numbers, and the golden rectangle. Also, number theoretic connections to abstract algebra. Prerequisite(s): MATH 4500/5500 (800:160g); junior standing. (Odd Falls)

**MATH 4615/5615 (800:189g). Geometric Transformations — 3 hrs.**

Isometries of the plane in context of Klein's definition of a geometry as a group acting on a set of points. Rotations, reflections, and translations are used to study congruence, similarity, and symmetry and to solve problems that would otherwise be difficult using analytic geometry and calculus. Prerequisite(s): MATH 2500 (800:076); MATH 3610/5610 (800:165g) or MATH 3600/5600 (800:166g); junior standing. (Fall)

**MATH 4641/5641 (800:167g). Topology I — 3 hrs.**

Introductory study of metric spaces, completeness, topological spaces, continuous functions, compactness, connectedness, separability, product, and quotient spaces. Prerequisite(s): MATH 2422 (800:062); MATH 2500 (800:076); junior standing. (Even Falls)

**MATH 4900 (800:194). Senior Mathematics Seminar — 1 hr.**

Researching and writing a paper exploring specific theme, topic, or problem in mathematics, culminating with oral presentation to the class. Prerequisite(s): senior mathematics major. (Fall and Spring)

**MATH 4990 (800:195). Undergraduate Research in Mathematics — 3 hrs.**

Research on selected topic in mathematics with faculty supervision. Presentation of written paper at departmental seminar. Prerequisite(s): completion of the major core with minimum GPA of 3.00. (Fall and Spring)

**MATH 6201 (800:220). New Developments in Mathematics Education — 3 hrs.**

Introduces current recommendations and policies regarding mathematics goals, content, frameworks, instructional strategies, and curricula. Investigates topics and documents with a focus on application and impact to classrooms. Prerequisite(s): consent of department. (Variable)

**MATH 6203 (800:222). Contemporary Assessment in Mathematics Education I — 2 hrs.**

Study of strategies and practices for assessing students' thinking and performance. Multiple forms of quality assessment with an emphasis on formative assessment, aligning assessment to instruction, and interpreting evidence. Prerequisite(s): MATH 6201 (800:220) or consent of department. (Variable)

**MATH 6204 (800:191g). Contemporary Mathematics Curricula — 2 hrs.**

Study and evaluation of innovative curriculum materials. Focus on application to classroom practice and planning for change for a selected topic. Prerequisite(s): MATH 6201 (800:220) or consent of department. (Variable)

**MATH 6205 (800:215). Teaching Rational Numbers and Proportionality — 3 hrs.**

Examination of literature, problems, and issues related to teaching fractions, decimals, ratios, proportion, and percent. Exploration of innovative strategies for developing concepts, skills, and proportional reasoning. Prerequisite(s): MATH 6201 (800:220) or consent of department. (Variable)

**MATH 6207 (800:221). Mathematics Literacy in an Information Age — 2 hrs.**

Examination of applications and contributions of mathematics to other disciplines, the workplace, personal lives, and society. Investigation of shifting conceptions of mathematics and mathematics literacy in today's world. Diverse uses of mathematics illustrated. Prerequisite(s): MATH 6201 (800:220); MATH 6224 (800:236); MATH 6226 (800:238). (Variable)

**MATH 6208. Contemporary Assessment in Mathematics Education II — 1 hr.**

Focus on assessment design for classroom use and development of an assessment scheme. Prerequisite(s): MATH 6201 (800:220) or consent of department. (Variable)

**MATH 6210 (800:237). Technology in Middle Grades Mathematics — 1 hr.**

Uses of technology in teaching and learning mathematics. Examination of research related to incorporating technology in the teaching of mathematics. Prerequisite(s): MATH 6201 (800:220) or consent of department. (Variable)

**MATH 6212 (800:211). Algebraic Content and Pedagogy for Teachers — 3 hrs.**

Examination of algebraic standards, content, instructional strategies and curricula. Focus on application and impact on classroom practice, planning, and assessment in algebra. Focus on change in one's teaching and curriculum. Prerequisite(s): consent of department. (Summer)

**MATH 6215. Geometric Content and Pedagogy for Teachers — 3 hrs.**

Examine geometric standards, content, methods and curricula. Analyze student thinking, examine van Hiele levels and expand conceptions of proof. Focus on impact on one's own practice, planning and assessment. Prerequisite(s): MATH 6201 (800:220) or consent of department. (Variable)

**MATH 6224 (800:236). Mathematics for the Middle Grades Teachers I — 3 hrs.**

Integrated, historical, and cultural study of development and structure of quantity, data, and chance. Focus on mathematical ways of knowing and verification. (Variable)

**MATH 6226 (800:238). Mathematics for the Middle Grades Teacher II — 3 hrs.**

Integrated, historical, and cultural study of development and structure of patterns, functions, relationships, and shapes. Focus on ways of knowing and verification. Prerequisite(s): MATH 6224 (800:236). (Variable)

**MATH 6230. Reflective Teaching-Cognitive Demand of Mathematical Tasks — 1 hr.**

Students will critically reflect on classroom practice with the focus on cognitive demand of mathematical tasks. Prerequisite(s): MATH 6201 (800:220) or consent of department. (Variable)

**MATH 6231. Reflective Teaching-Classroom Discourse — 1 hr.**

Students will critically reflect on classroom practice with the focus on classroom discourse. Prerequisite(s): MATH 6201 (800:220) or consent of department. (Variable)

**MATH 6232. Reflective Teaching: Meaningful Distributed Instruction — 1 hr.**

Students will critically reflect on classroom practice with the focus on meaningful distributed instruction. Prerequisite(s): MATH 6201 (800:220) or consent of department. (Variable)

**MATH 6234. Reflective Teaching: Leadership — 1 hr.**

Students will critically reflect on classroom practice with the focus on leadership in mathematics education. Prerequisite(s): MATH 6201 (800:220) or consent of department. (Variable)

**MATH 6235. Reflective Teaching: Investigation of Classroom Practice — 1 hr.**

Students will critically reflect on classroom practice with the focus on instruction. Prerequisite(s): MATH 6201 (800:220) or consent of department. (Variable)

**MATH 6299 (800:299). Research.**

Prerequisite(s): consent of department. (Variable)

**MATH 6370 (800:270). Applied Linear Statistical Methods — 3 hrs.**

Elements of experimental design. Statistical inferential processes, confidence intervals and hypothesis tests, for comparing means, medians and proportions from multiple groups. Prerequisite(s): STAT 1772 (800:072), MATH 3751 (800:173) or consent of instructor. (Fall and Spring)

**MATH 6371 (800:271). Probability and Statistical Inference — 3 hrs.**

Discrete and continuous random variables, central limit theorem, regression, correlation, analysis of covariance and categorical data analysis. Multiple regression, ANOVA and categorical data analysis will provide students with tools to analyze real data sets. Prerequisite(s): STAT 1772 (800:072) or MATH 3751 (800:173) or consent of instructor. (Variable)

**MATH 6380 (800:280). Mathematics at the Secondary Level — 1-3 hrs.**

History of secondary mathematics in the U.S. Overview of the most recent reform movement in mathematics education; its effect on the teaching and learning of high school mathematics. May be repeated on different topics for up to 3 hours of credit. Prerequisite(s): graduate standing in mathematics. (Variable)

**MATH 6381 (800:281). Current Research in Mathematics Education — 3 hrs.**

Understand purposes and methods of research in mathematics education with a focus on action research. Review mathematics education research and its implications for instruction. Conduct a classroom-based action research project. Prerequisite(s): MATH 6201 (800:220) or consent of department. (Variable)

**MATH 6410. Foundations of Calculus — 3 hrs.**

Fundamentals of Calculus from the viewpoint of exploring reasons for the details that support Differential and Integral Calculus. Emphases on examples and proving justifications for a variety of mathematical statements. (Variable)

**MATH 6420 (800:201). Mathematical Analysis I — 3 hrs.**

Set theory; the real number system; Lebesque measure; Lebesque integral. Prerequisite(s): MATH 4420/5420 (800:140g). Corequisite(s): MATH 4421/5421 (800:141g) or consent of instructor. (Odd Springs)

**MATH 6421 (800:202). Mathematical Analysis II — 3 hrs.**

Differentiation and integration; classical Banach spaces; metric spaces; general measure and integration theory. Prerequisite(s): MATH 6420 (800:201). (Spring)

**MATH 6460 (800:203). Complex Analysis I — 3 hrs.**

Analyticity; differentiation and integration of functions of one complex variable; power series, Laurent series; calculus of residues. Prerequisite(s): MATH 4420/5420 (800:140g); MATH 4460/5460 (800:156g); or consent of instructor. (Spring)

**MATH 6461 (800:204). Complex Analysis II — 3 hrs.**

Analytic continuation; harmonic functions; entire functions; conformal mapping; selected applications. Prerequisite(s): MATH 6460 (800:203). (Variable)

**MATH 6500 (800:240). Abstract Algebra I — 3 hrs.**

Groups: quotient groups, isomorphism theorems, products of groups, group actions, Sylow theorems, solvable and nilpotent groups. Rings and fields: quotient rings, rings of polynomials, integral domains, fields of fractions. Prerequisite(s): MATH 4500/5500 (800:160g). Corequisite(s): MATH 4501/5501 (800:162g) or consent of instructor. (Fall)

**MATH 6501 (800:241). Abstract Algebra II — 3 hrs.**

Rings: arithmetic properties, prime and maximal ideals, Noetherian rings. Modules and vector spaces: linear transformations, free modules, finitely generated modules over PIDs, canonical forms. Fields: field extensions, Galois theory, solvability by radicals. Prerequisite(s): MATH 6500 (800:240). (Spring)

**MATH 6510 (800:210). Theory of Numbers — 3 hrs.**

Mathematical study of integers: induction, divisibility, prime numbers, congruences, quadratic reciprocity, multiplicative functions. (Variable)

**MATH 6530 (800:243). Topics in Discrete Mathematics — 3 hrs.**

Topics from combinatorics, graph theory, analysis and application of algorithms, recurrence relations, difference equations, linear programming, and mathematical induction. Applications of these topics in the secondary curriculum. Prerequisite(s): MATH 3530/5530 (800:143g) or MATH 4500/5500 (800:160g). (Variable)

**MATH 6640 (800:246). Topics in the History of Mathematics — 3 hrs.**

Topics from history of algebra, analysis, arithmetic, geometry, number theory, probability, and topology as they appear in the development of Mesopotamian, Greek, Islamic, Indian, Chinese, and Western civilizations. May be repeated on different topic with consent of instructor. Prerequisite(s): MATH 3640/5640 (800:180g). (Variable)

**MATH 6650 (800:263). Topics in Mathematical Logic and Set Theory — 3 hrs.**

Topics from the predicate calculus and first-order mathematical theories; the Godel completeness and incompleteness theorems; algebraic and many-valued logic; Boolean algebras, lattices, representation theorems, and models in set theory and mathematical logic; independence of the axioms of set theory (including the axiom of choice and the continuum hypothesis). May be repeated on different topic with consent of instructor. (Variable)

**MATH 6670 (800:267). Non-Euclidean Geometry — 3 hrs.**

Historical development of geometry models that do not assume Euclid's fifth postulate. Emphasis on Poincare's disc and upper half-plane models, distance and area in the hyperbolic plane, and Mobius transformations. Prerequisite(s): MATH 2500 (800:076); MATH 4500/5500 (800:160g); MATH 3610/5610 (800:165g) or MATH 3600/5600 (800:166g). (Variable)

**MATH 6745 (800:250). Deterministic Operations Research — 3 hrs.**

Overview of optimization models, mathematical programming (linear, integer, goal), optimization software LINGO, transportation and assignment problems, network models (shortest-path, maximum-flow), multi-period planning problems. Prerequisite(s): MATH 2422 (800:062); MATH 2500 (800:076). (Fall and Spring)

**MATH 6746 (800:251). Probabilistic Operations Research — 3 hrs.**

Decision making under uncertainty, Markov chains, deterministic and probabilistic dynamic programming, inventory control, production scheduling, supply chain management, portfolio optimizations. Prerequisite(s): MATH 2422 (800:062); MATH 2500 (800:076), MATH 3752/5752 (800:152g). (Same as STAT 6746) (Fall and Spring)

**MATH 6747 (800:252). Discrete-Event System Simulation — 3 hrs.**

Discrete-event systems simulation theory including input analysis, output analysis; applications of simulation software ARENA to studying performances of systems such as bank services, call centers, material-handling systems, and computer networks. Prerequisite(s): MATH 2422 (800:062); STAT 1772 (800:072). (Same as STAT 6747) (Fall and Spring)

**MATH 6748 (800:253). Modeling Industrial Systems Using Queueing Networks — 3 hrs.**

Queueing networks, applications to modeling and evaluating industrial systems such as flexible manufacturing systems, pull-type production systems, polling systems in computer networks, handoff schemes in cellular mobile networks; computational package MATLAB. Prerequisite(s): MATH 2422 (800:062); MATH 2500 (800:076); MATH 3752/5752 (800:152g). (Same as STAT 6748) (Fall and Spring)

**MATH 6779 (800:273). Topics in Probability and Statistics — 3 hrs.**

Topics from correlation and regression analysis, analysis of variance and co-variance, non-parametric methods, order statistics. May be repeated on different topic with consent of instructor. Prerequisite(s): consent of instructor. (Same as STAT 6779) (Variable)

**MATH 6795 (800:275). Industrial Internship/Project — 6 hrs.**

Mathematical analysis of industrial problems. Features work on a project of interest to a cooperating company. Oral and written reports required on the project. Prerequisite(s): approval of graduate coordinator and admittance to the P.S.M. program. (Variable)

**MATH 6796. PSM Capstone Project — 3 hrs.**

Mathematical/statistical modeling and analysis of a problem arising in industrial applications. Oral and written reports required on the project. Prerequisite(s): Approval of PSM-Industrial Mathematics coordinator and admittance to the PSM program in Industrial Mathematics. Completion of at least 9 hours in the PSM-Industrial Mathematics program. (Variable)

### Statistics Courses

**STAT 1772 (800:072). Introduction to Statistical Methods — 3 hrs.**

Descriptive statistics including correlation and curve fitting. Intuitive treatment of probability and inferential statistics including estimations and hypothesis testing. No credit for students with credit in STAT 1774 (800:064). Students with credit in STAT 3770 should not enroll in STAT 1772 (800:072). (Fall, Spring, Summer)

**STAT 1774 (800:064). Introductory Statistics for Life Sciences — 3 hrs.**

Descriptive statistics, basic probability concepts, confidence intervals, hypothesis testing, correlation and regression, elementary concepts of survival analysis. No credit for students with credit in STAT 1772 (800:072). (Fall and Spring)

**STAT 3751. Probability and Statistics — 3 hrs.**

Descriptive statistics and graphical representations, basic concepts of probability and distributions, random variables, expectations, sampling theory, tests of statistical significance. Calculus is employed in developing and applying these ideas. Specific attention devoted to the use of technology in motivating and explaining concepts and techniques. No credit with credit in STAT 3770; credit reduced to 1 hour for students with credit in STAT 1772 (800:072). Prerequisite(s): MATH 1421 (800:061). (Same as MATH 3751 (800:173)) (Fall and Odd Springs)

**STAT 3752/5752 (800:152g). Introduction to Probability — 3 hrs.**

Axioms of probability, sample spaces having equally likely outcomes, conditional probability and independence, random variables, expectation, moment generating functions, jointly distributed random variables, weak law of large numbers, central limit theorem. Prerequisite(s): MATH 1421 (800:061); junior standing. (Same as MATH 3752/5752 (800:152g)) (Fall and Spring)

**STAT 3771/5771 (800:121g). Applied Statistical Methods for Research — 3 hrs.**

Inference about two or more population variances, multiple comparisons, categorical data analysis, linear and logistic regression, design of experiments, analysis of variance and covariance, repeated measures and random effects. Prerequisite(s): STAT 1774 (800:064) or STAT 1772 (800:072); junior standing. (Fall and Spring)

**STAT 3775/5775 (800:174g). Introduction to Mathematical Statistics — 3 hrs.**

Sampling distribution theory, point and interval estimation, Bayesian estimation, statistical hypotheses including likelihood ratio tests and chi-square tests, selected nonparametric methods. Prerequisite(s): MATH 2422 (800:062); MATH 3752/5752 (800:152g); junior standing. (Spring)

**STAT 3776/5776 (800:175g). Regression Analysis — 3 hrs.**

Regression analysis, analysis of variance, time series methods. Prerequisite(s): STAT 3775/5775 (800:174g); junior standing. (Fall)

**STAT 3778/5778 (800:171g). Spatial Data Analysis — 3 hrs.**

Analysis and interpretation of spatial point processes, area, geostatistical and spatial interaction data. Applications to geographic data in real estate, biology, environmental, and agricultural sciences using S-Plus software. Prerequisite(s): STAT 1774 (800:064) or STAT 1772 (800:072) or SOC 2020 (980:080); junior standing. (Same as GEOG 4340/5340 (970:160g)) (Odd Springs)

**STAT 4772/5772 (800:122g). Statistical Computing I — 3 hrs.**

Data management, graphical techniques and data analysis, computationally-intensive methods in statistics including Regression, Logistic Regression and Analysis of Variance. Emphasis on the use of statistical software such as SAS, SPSS, S-Plus, and R. Prerequisite(s): STAT 1774 (800:064) or STAT 1772 (800:072); junior standing. (Variable)

**STAT 4773/5773 (800:123g). Design and Analysis of Experiments — 3 hrs.**

Planning and organizing experiments, one-factor experiments, randomized blocks, Latin squares and related designs, factorial designs and fractional factorial designs, response surface methodology, nested and split-plot designs. Prerequisite(s): STAT 3771/5771 (800:121g) or consent of instructor; junior standing. (Variable)

**STAT 4777/5777 (800:157g). Statistical Quality Assurance Methods — 3 hrs.**

Exploratory data analysis, Shewhart control charts and their variations, process capability analysis, CUSUM charts, EWMA charts, sampling inspection by attributes and by variables, continuous sampling plans, application of design of experiments in quality engineering. Prerequisite(s): MATH 3752/5752 (800:152g) or consent of instructor; junior standing. (Variable)

**STAT 4779/5779 (800:196g). Applied Multivariate Statistical Analysis — 3 hrs.**

Multivariate normal distribution, tests of significance with multivariate data, discrimination and classification, clustering, principal components, canonical correlations, use of statistical computer packages. Prerequisite(s): MATH 2500 (800:076); STAT 3775/5775 (800:174g); junior standing. (Variable)

**STAT 4782/5782. Statistical Computing II — 3 hrs.**

Computationally-intensive methods in statistics including Multivariate and Categorical analyses. Emphasis on the use of statistical software such as SAS, SPSS, S-Plus, and R. Prerequisite(s): STAT 4772/5772 (800:122g); Junior Standing. (Variable)

**STAT 6746. Probabilistic Operations Research — 3 hrs.**

Decision making under uncertainty, Markov chains, deterministic and probabilistic dynamic programming, inventory control, production scheduling, supply chain management, portfolio optimizations. Prerequisite(s): MATH 2422 (800:062); MATH 2500 (800:076); MATH 3752/5752 (800:152g). (Same as MATH 6746 (800:251)) (Fall and Spring)

**STAT 6747. Discrete-Event System Simulation — 3 hrs.**

Discrete-event systems simulation theory including input analysis, output analysis; applications of simulation software ARENA to studying performances of systems such as bank services, call centers, material-handling systems, and computer networks. Prerequisite(s): MATH 2422 (800:062); STAT 1772 (800:072). (Same as MATH 6747 (800:252)) (Fall and Spring)

**STAT 6748. Modeling Industrial Systems Using Queueing Networks — 3 hrs.**

Queueing networks, applications to modeling and evaluating industrial systems such as flexible manufacturing systems, pull-type production systems, polling systems in computer networks, handoff schemes in cellular mobile networks; computational package MATLAB. Prerequisite(s): MATH 2422 (800:062); MATH 2500 (800:076); MATH 3752/5752 (800:152g). (Same as MATH 6748 (800:253)) (Fall and Spring)

**STAT 6772 (800:272). Advanced Statistical Methods — 3 hrs.**

Categorical data analysis, logistic and Poisson regression, forecasting, repeated measures, classification and discriminant analysis, cluster analysis, data mining. Prerequisite(s): STAT 4773/5773 (800:123g). (Variable)

**STAT 6779. Topics in Probability and Statistics — 3 hrs.**

Topics from correlation and regression analysis, analysis of variance and co-variance, non-parametric methods, order statistics. May be repeated on different topic with consent of instructor. Prerequisite(s): consent of instructor. (Same as MATH 6779 (800:273)) (Variable)