2019-20 Academic Catalog
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Department of Physics

(College of Humanities, Arts and Sciences)

www.physics.uni.edu

The Department of Physics offers the following undergraduate programs.  Specific requirements for these programs are listed within this Department of Physics section in the following order:

Undergraduate Major (B.S.)

Undergraduate Major (B.A.)

Minors

Program Certificate

The Department of Physics offers major programs in two baccalaureate areas: the Bachelor of Science and the Bachelor of Arts. The B.S. Physics major is recommended for students who wish to prepare for graduate study in physics, engineering, or other sciences such as geophysics, astronomy, biophysics, or medical physics. The B.A. Physics major is ideal for a student with interdisciplinary interests who wishes to combine physics with courses from another area. The B.A. Physics-Teaching program provides students with the best qualification to teach physics in high school.

The dual-degree program in physics and engineering in cooperation with Iowa State University (ISU) is also offered. The first three years of coursework in liberal arts and physics B.S. are completed at UNI. During the fourth and fifth years, engineering courses are completed at ISU.  When finished, a student will have a bachelor’s degree in Physics from UNI and bachelor’s degree in Engineering from ISU.

Bachelor of Science Degree Program

Emphasis-B.S. Physics Major Honors Research

Emphasis-Honors Research

Students who complete a sustained research project in physics may be invited to do Honors Research. Students must first complete 4 credit hours of PHYSICS 3000 (880:180) Undergraduate Research in Physics and then 1 credit hour of PHYSICS 4990 Senior Thesis.

Physics Major

The B.S. Physics major requires a minimum of 126 total hours to graduate. This total includes Liberal Arts Core requirements and the following specified major requirements, plus electives to complete the minimum of 126 hours. 

Note: To graduate with a B.S. degree in Physics, a student must earn an overall grade point average of at least 2.50 in all courses applied toward the major.

Required
Mathematics:
MATH 1420 (800:060)Calculus I4
MATH 1421 (800:061)Calculus II4
MATH 2422 (800:062)Calculus III4
Physics:
PHYSICS 1100First-Year Projects in Physics1
PHYSICS 1701 (880:130)Physics I for Science and Engineering4
PHYSICS 1702 (880:131)Physics II for Science and Engineering4
PHYSICS 2300 (880:132)Physics III: Theory and Simulation3
PHYSICS 2700Mathematical Methods of Physics3
PHYSICS 3000 (880:180)Undergraduate Research in Physics2
or PHYSICS 3500 (880:184) Internship in Applied Physics
PHYSICS 3700 (880:187)Physics Seminar1
PHYSICS 4100/5100 (880:137g)Modern Physics4
PHYSICS 4110/5110 (880:138g)Modern Physics Laboratory2
PHYSICS 4300/5300 (880:152g)Introduction to Electronics4
PHYSICS 4600/5600 (880:166g)Classical Mechanics4
PHYSICS 4860/5860 (880:150g)Computational Physics3
PHYSICS 4900/5900 (880:136g)Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics4
Electives
Physics, Natural Science, or Math Electives *8
Total Hours59

Bachelor of Arts Degree Program

Physics Major

The B.A. Physics Major is suitable for students who are interested in physics but are looking for a more interdisciplinary experience than the B.S. Physics Major. Potential careers include, for example, computer science, data science, medicine, business, or law. The B.A. Physics Major requires a minimum of 120 total hours for graduation. This includes the major requirements and electives specified below, as well as Liberal Arts Core requirements.

The B.A. Physics major has two emphases: Custom Emphasis and Data Science Emphasis. Students should choose one emphasis. Each emphasis requires completion of a common physics core, a common mathematics core and electives. The Data Science Emphasis has an additional core of data science-related courses and a required project.

Custom Emphasis

The Custom Emphasis is designed to combine a core understanding of physics with additional course work from other disciplines. The flexibility of this major makes it ideal for students interested in dual majors or one or more minors. The rigor of the program allows students to better prepare themselves for careers in any field, especially those related to science or technology. Students work with an advisor to create an individualized emphasis to best meet their needs.

Required Physics Core:
PHYSICS 1100First-Year Projects in Physics1
PHYSICS 1701 (880:130)Physics I for Science and Engineering4
PHYSICS 1702 (880:131)Physics II for Science and Engineering4
PHYSICS 2300 (880:132)Physics III: Theory and Simulation3
PHYSICS 4100/5100 (880:137g)Modern Physics4
PHYSICS 4110/5110 (880:138g)Modern Physics Laboratory2
Required Mathematics Core:
MATH 1420 (800:060)Calculus I4
MATH 1421 (800:061)Calculus II4
Electives:
Physics:7
3000-level and above
No more than 2 hours of PHYSICS 3000 (880:180) Undergraduate Research
Natural Sciences or Other Disciplines9
Elective courses must count toward a major in the department that offers the course.
Mathematics courses must be higher level than MATH 1421 (800:061).
Total Hours42

Data Science Emphasis

The Data Science Emphasis integrates significant course work in physics, statistics and business analytics with electives from other areas such as Geographic Information Systems and computer programming. The goal is for students to develop broad-based skills in the analysis of data and the extraction of gainful information about a variety of systems.

Required Physics Core
PHYSICS 1100First-Year Projects in Physics1
PHYSICS 1701 (880:130)Physics I for Science and Engineering4
PHYSICS 1702 (880:131)Physics II for Science and Engineering4
PHYSICS 2300 (880:132)Physics III: Theory and Simulation3
PHYSICS 4100/5100 (880:137g)Modern Physics4
PHYSICS 4110/5110 (880:138g)Modern Physics Laboratory2
Required Mathematics Core
MATH 1420 (800:060)Calculus I4
MATH 1421 (800:061)Calculus II4
Required Data Science Core
STAT 1772 (800:072)Introduction to Statistical Methods3
STAT 4772/5772 (800:122g)Statistical Computing I3
ECON 1011 (920:070)Statistics for Business Analytics3
ECON 1021 (920:020)Decision Analytics3
Required Data Science Project
PHYSICS 3000 (880:180)Undergraduate Research in Physics1
or PHYSICS 3500 (880:184) Internship in Applied Physics
Electives3-4
Elective requirements should be chosen from the following: (Other choices will need departmental approval)
Introduction to Computing
Data Structures
Geographic Information Systems I
Geographic Information Systems II
Mathematics of Finance
Introduction to Probability
Applied Statistical Methods for Research
Introduction to Mathematical Statistics *
Total Hours42-43

Emphasis-B.A. Physics Major-Teaching Honors Research

Emphasis-Honors Research

Students who complete a sustained research project in physics education may be invited to do Honors Research. Students must first complete 4 credit hours of PHYSICS 3000 (880:180) Undergraduate Research in Physics and then 1 credit hour of PHYSICS 4990 Senior Thesis.

Physics Major-Teaching

The B.A. Physics major in teaching requires a minimum of 120 total hours to graduate. This total includes Liberal Arts Core requirements, the Professional Education Requirements, and the following specified major requirements, plus electives to complete the minimum of 120 hours.

Required
Mathematics:
MATH 1420 (800:060)Calculus I4
MATH 1421 (800:061)Calculus II4
Science and Science Education:
SCI ED 3300/5300 (820:190g)Orientation to Science Teaching4
SCI ED 4700/5700 (820:193g)Methods for Teaching Physical Science3
Teaching:
TEACHING 3129Secondary and Special-Area Classroom Management1
Physics:
PHYSICS 1100First-Year Projects in Physics1
PHYSICS 1701 (880:130)Physics I for Science and Engineering4
PHYSICS 1702 (880:131)Physics II for Science and Engineering4
PHYSICS 2300 (880:132)Physics III: Theory and Simulation3
PHYSICS 4080/5080Resources for Teaching Physics2
PHYSICS 4100/5100 (880:137g)Modern Physics4
PHYSICS 4110/5110 (880:138g)Modern Physics Laboratory2
Electives
Physics: all 3000+ level courses6
Mathematics or non-physics science courses from the College of Humanities, Arts and Sciences *4
Total Hours46

It is recommended that sufficient work including current curricula should be taken for licensure approval in a second area. Common teaching combinations are physics-chemistry or physics-mathematics.

Completion of this major will satisfy the requirements of the Iowa Department of Education for licensure.

Minors

Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Minor

Required
Chemistry and Biochemistry:5-8
Select one of the following:
General Chemistry I
and General Chemistry II
General Chemistry I-II
Physics:
PHYSICS 1511 (880:054)General Physics I4
or PHYSICS 1701 (880:130) Physics I for Science and Engineering
PHYSICS 1512 (880:056)General Physics II4
or PHYSICS 1702 (880:131) Physics II for Science and Engineering
PHYSICS 4200/5200 (880:144g)Nanoscience3
or CHEM 4200/5200 (860:144g) Nanoscience
PHYSICS 4210/5210 (880:148g)Nanotechnology3
or CHEM 4210/5210 (860:148g) Nanotechnology
Total Hours19-22

Physics Minor

Required
Physics:
Select one of the following:8
General Physics I
and General Physics II (required)
Physics I for Science and Engineering
and Physics II for Science and Engineering (required)
Electives:12
Physics:
3000-level electives in Physics, with no more than 3 hours earned in the following: *
Undergraduate Research in Physics (and/or)
Laboratory Projects
Total Hours20

Program Certificate

The University of Northern Iowa makes available, in addition to traditional programs, the opportunity for students to earn program certificates. Program certificates provide an alternative to programs leading to a degree, a major, or a minor; they certify that an individual has completed a program approved by the university. For information on the following certificates, contact the Department of Physics or the Office of the Registrar, which serves as the centralized registry.

Physics Teaching Certificate

Completion of the certificate for the majors mentioned below meets the requirements of the State of Iowa Grades 5-12 Physics Teaching Endorsement.

Required:
Physics:
PHYSICS 1511 (880:054)General Physics I4
or PHYSICS 1701 (880:130) Physics I for Science and Engineering
PHYSICS 1512 (880:056)General Physics II4
or PHYSICS 1702 (880:131) Physics II for Science and Engineering
PHYSICS 4080/5080Resources for Teaching Physics2
Science Education:
SCI ED 3300/5300 (820:190g)Orientation to Science Teaching4
Electives chosen from the following:3-5
Elective hours vary by major program. Mathematics Teaching majors and Chemistry Teaching majors must select three hours from the following; other secondary science teaching majors including Comprehensive Secondary Science Teaching, Middle Level Science Teaching Dual, Biology Teaching, and Earth Science Teaching must select five hours from the following:
First-Year Projects in Physics
Projects in Basic Robotics and Sensors
Physics III: Theory and Simulation
Undergraduate Research in Physics *
Optical Science
Modern Physics
Modern Physics Laboratory
Nanoscience
Nanotechnology
Project Lead The Way: Digital Electronics
Introduction to Electronics
Total Hours17-19

Physics, B.S.

In the modern practice of physics, there are three branches that encompass the entirety of the subject:

(i) Experimental;

(ii) Theoretical;

(iii) Computational.

A student who has earned a bachelor’s degree in physics from the University of Northern Iowa must demonstrate competence at the introductory level in all three branches through course-level outcomes aligned with each branch.

In addition to demonstrated competence in the above mentioned three branches of physics, a successful B.S. in Physics student must also acquire and demonstrate skills in career preparation and advanced knowledge in three areas: classical mechanics, thermodynamics, and computational physics. These skills are essential in facilitating the transition of a B.S.  Physics graduate from undergraduate student to employee or graduate student.

Physics: Custom, B.A.

In the modern practice of physics, there are content areas that encompass the entirety of the subject:

(i) Experimental;

(ii) Theoretical;

(iii) Computational.

A student who has earned a bachelor’s degree in physics from the University of Northern Iowa must demonstrate competence at the introductory level in all three content areas through course-level outcomes aligned with each branch.

Physics: Data Science, B.A.

In the modern practice of physics, there are content areas that encompass the entirety of the subject:

(i) Experimental;

(ii) Theoretical;

(iii) Computational.

A student who has earned a bachelor’s degree in physics from the University of Northern Iowa must demonstrate competence at the introductory level in all three content areas through course-level outcomes aligned with each branch.

Physics Teaching, B.A.

In the modern practice of physics, there are content areas that encompass the entirety of the subject:

(i) Experimental;

(ii) Theoretical;

(iii) Computational.

A student who has earned a bachelor’s degree in physics from the University of Northern Iowa must demonstrate competence at the introductory level in all three content areas through course-level outcomes aligned with each branch.

In addition to demonstrated competence in the above mentioned three branches of physics, a successful B.A. Physics Teaching student must also demonstrate knowledge and understanding of physics pedagogy. These skills are essential for the successful practice of high-school physics teaching.

Physics/Engineering Dual Degree Program, B.S.

In the modern practice of physics, there are three branches that encompass the entirety of the subject:

(i) Experimental;

(ii) Theoretical;

(iii) Computational.

A student who has earned a bachelor’s degree in physics from the University of Northern Iowa must demonstrate competence at the introductory level in all three branches through course-level outcomes aligned with each branch.

In addition to demonstrated competence in the above mentioned three branches of physics, a successful B.S. in Physics student must also acquire and demonstrate skills in career preparation and advanced knowledge in three areas: classical mechanics, thermodynamics, and computational physics. These skills are essential in facilitating the transition of a B.S.  Physics graduate from undergraduate student to employee or graduate student.

Physics, B.S.

Plan of Study Grid
Freshman
FallHour
MATH 1420 (800:060) Calculus I 4
PHYSICS 1100 First-Year Projects in Physics 1
PHYSICS 1701 (880:130) Physics I for Science and Engineering 4
ENGLISH 1005 (620:005) College Writing and Research 3
MUSIC 1100 (520:010) Soundscapes: Music in Culture 3
 Hours15
Spring
MATH 1421 (800:061) Calculus II 4
PHYSICS 1702 (880:131) Physics II for Science and Engineering 4
COMM 1000 (48C:001) Oral Communication 3
HUM 1021 (680:021) Humanities I: The Ancient, Classical, and Medieval Worlds 3
University Elective 3
 Hours17
Sophomore
Fall
MATH 2422 (800:062) Calculus III 4
PHYSICS 2300 (880:132) Physics III: Theory and Simulation 3
HUM 1022 (680:022) Humanities II: The Renaissance, Reformation, and Enlightenment 3
HUM 3125 (680:125) India 3
University Elective 3
 Hours16
Spring
PHYSICS 4100/5100 (880:137g) Modern Physics 4
PHYSICS 4110/5110 (880:138g) Modern Physics Laboratory 2
PHYSICS 2700 Mathematical Methods of Physics 3
GEOG 1120 (970:010) Human Geography 3
University Elective 3
 Hours15
Junior
Fall
PHYSICS 3000 (880:180) Undergraduate Research in Physics 2
PHYSICS 3700 (880:187) Physics Seminar 1
PHYSICS 4300/5300 (880:152g) Introduction to Electronics 4
PHYSICS 4600/5600 (880:166g) Classical Mechanics 4
KAHHS 1030 Dimensions of Wellbeing Lab 1
KAHHS 1020 Dimensions of Wellbeing Lecture 1
University Elective 3
 Hours16
Spring
PHYSICS 4700/5700 (880:167g) Electrodynamics 4
PHYSICS 4900/5900 (880:136g) Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics 4
PHIL 1020 (650:021) Philosophy: The Art of Thinking 3
University Electives 6
 Hours17
Senior
Fall
POL INTL 1024 (943:024) International Relations 3
BIOL 1012 (840:012) Life: The Natural World 3
University Electives 9
 Hours15
Spring
PHYSICS 4800/5800 (880:172g) Quantum Mechanics 4
CAP 3140 (CAP:140) Environment, Technology, and Society 2
PHYSICS 4860/5860 (880:150g) Computational Physics 3
ECON 1031 (920:024) Introduction to Economics 3
University Electives 3
 Hours15
 Total Hours126

 

 Physics: Custom, B.A.

Plan of Study Grid
Freshman
FallHour
MATH 1420 (800:060) Calculus I 4
PHYSICS 1100 First-Year Projects in Physics 1
PHYSICS 1701 (880:130) Physics I for Science and Engineering 4
ENGLISH 1005 (620:005) College Writing and Research 3
MUSIC 1100 (520:010) Soundscapes: Music in Culture 3
 Hours15
Spring
MATH 1421 (800:061) Calculus II 4
PHYSICS 1702 (880:131) Physics II for Science and Engineering 4
COMM 1000 (48C:001) Oral Communication 3
HUM 1021 (680:021) Humanities I: The Ancient, Classical, and Medieval Worlds 3
 Hours14
Sophomore
Fall
PHYSICS 2300 (880:132) Physics III: Theory and Simulation 3
Physics Elective 3
HUM 1022 (680:022) Humanities II: The Renaissance, Reformation, and Enlightenment 3
University Electives 7
 Hours16
Spring
PHYSICS 4100/5100 (880:137g) Modern Physics 4
PHYSICS 4110/5110 (880:138g) Modern Physics Laboratory 2
GEOG 1120 (970:010) Human Geography 3
Natural Science / Other Elective 3
University Elective 3
 Hours15
Junior
Fall
Physics Elective 4
Natural Science / Other Elective 3
HUM 3125 (680:125) India 3
KAHHS 1020 Dimensions of Wellbeing Lecture 1
KAHHS 1030 Dimensions of Wellbeing Lab 1
University Elective 3
 Hours15
Spring
PHIL 1020 (650:021) Philosophy: The Art of Thinking 3
University Electives 12
 Hours15
Senior
Fall
BIOL 1012 (840:012) Life: The Natural World 3
POL INTL 1024 (943:024) International Relations 3
Natural Science / Other Elective 3
University Electives 6
 Hours15
Spring
CAP 3140 (CAP:140) Environment, Technology, and Society 2
ECON 1031 (920:024) Introduction to Economics 3
University Electives 10
 Hours15
 Total Hours120

Physics: Data Science, B.A.

Plan of Study Grid
Freshman
FallHour
MATH 1420 (800:060) Calculus I 4
PHYSICS 1100 First-Year Projects in Physics 1
PHYSICS 1701 (880:130) Physics I for Science and Engineering 4
ENGLISH 1005 (620:005) College Writing and Research 3
MUSIC 1100 (520:010) Soundscapes: Music in Culture 3
 Hours15
Spring
MATH 1421 (800:061) Calculus II 4
PHYSICS 1702 (880:131) Physics II for Science and Engineering 4
COMM 1000 (48C:001) Oral Communication 3
HUM 1021 (680:021) Humanities I: The Ancient, Classical, and Medieval Worlds 3
 Hours14
Sophomore
Fall
PHYSICS 2300 (880:132) Physics III: Theory and Simulation 3
STAT 1772 (800:072) Introduction to Statistical Methods 3
HUM 1022 (680:022) Humanities II: The Renaissance, Reformation, and Enlightenment 3
University Electives 7
 Hours16
Spring
PHYSICS 4100/5100 (880:137g) Modern Physics 4
PHYSICS 4110/5110 (880:138g) Modern Physics Laboratory 2
ECON 1011 (920:070) Statistics for Business Analytics 3
GEOG 1120 (970:010) Human Geography 3
University Elective 3
 Hours15
Junior
Fall
ECON 1021 (920:020) Decision Analytics 3
STAT 4772/5772 (800:122g) Statistical Computing I 3
HUM 3125 (680:125) India 3
KAHHS 1020 Dimensions of Wellbeing Lecture 1
KAHHS 1030 Dimensions of Wellbeing Lab 1
University Electives 4
 Hours15
Spring
Data Science Elective 3-4
PHIL 1020 (650:021) Philosophy: The Art of Thinking 3
University Electives 8
 Hours14-15
Senior
Fall
PHYSICS 3000 (880:180) Undergraduate Research in Physics 1
POL INTL 1024 (943:024) International Relations 3
BIOL 1012 (840:012) Life: The Natural World 3
University Electives 9
 Hours16
Spring
CAP 3140 (CAP:140) Environment, Technology, and Society 2
ECON 1031 (920:024) Introduction to Economics 3
University Electives 10
 Hours15
 Total Hours120-121

Physics Teaching, B.A.

Plan of Study Grid
Freshman
FallHour
ENGLISH 1005 (620:005) College Writing and Research 3
HUM 1021 (680:021) Humanities I: The Ancient, Classical, and Medieval Worlds 3
MATH 1420 (800:060) Calculus I 4
PHYSICS 1701 (880:130) Physics I for Science and Engineering 4
PHYSICS 1100 First-Year Projects in Physics 1
 Hours15
Spring
COMM 1000 (48C:001) Oral Communication 3
BIOL 1012 (840:012) Life: The Natural World 3
KAHHS 1020 Dimensions of Wellbeing Lecture 1
KAHHS 1030 Dimensions of Wellbeing Lab 1
MATH 1421 (800:061) Calculus II 4
PHYSICS 1702 (880:131) Physics II for Science and Engineering 4
 Hours16
Sophomore
Fall
University Electives 4
TEACHING 2017 Level 1 Field Experience: Exploring Teaching 1
HUM 1022 (680:022) Humanities II: The Renaissance, Reformation, and Enlightenment 3
GEOG 1120 (970:010) Human Geography 3
EDPSYCH 2030 (200:030) Dynamics of Human Development 3
PHYSICS 2300 (880:132) Physics III: Theory and Simulation 3
 Hours17
Spring
TEACHING 3128 Level 2 Field Experience: Teacher as a Change Agent 1
TEACHING 3129 Secondary and Special-Area Classroom Management 1
EDPSYCH 3148 (200:148) Learning and Motivation in Classroom Contexts 3
MEASRES 3150 (250:150) Classroom Assessment 2
ARTHIST 1004 (600:004) Visual Perceptions 3
PHYSICS 4100/5100 (880:137g) Modern Physics 4
PHYSICS 4110/5110 (880:138g) Modern Physics Laboratory 2
 Hours16
Junior
Fall
University Electives 3
SCI ED 3300/5300 (820:190g) Orientation to Science Teaching 4
SPED 3150 (220:150) Meeting the Needs of Diverse Learners in Classrooms 2
TEACHING 4170/5170 (280:170g) Human Relations: Awareness and Application 3
Physics Elective 3
 Hours15
Spring
Physics Elective 3
PHYSICS 4080/5080 Resources for Teaching Physics 2
CAP 3140 (CAP:140) Environment, Technology, and Society 2
ECON 1031 (920:024) Introduction to Economics 3
University Electives 3
SOCFOUND 3119 (260:119) Schools and American Society 3
 Hours16
Senior
Fall
SCI ED 4700/5700 (820:193g) Methods for Teaching Physical Science 3
PHIL 1020 (650:021) Philosophy: The Art of Thinking 3
Natural Science / Math Elective 4
HUM 3124 (680:124) China 3
 Hours13
Spring
TEACHING 3138 (280:138) Secondary School Teaching 12
 Hours12
 Total Hours120

Courses

PHYSICS 1000 (880:012). Physics in Everyday Life — 3 hrs.

Basic laws and concepts of physics introduced and demonstrated through operation of everyday devices and systems. Emphasis on understanding physical principles behind working of modern technologies and interplay between science and technology. Students may not earn credit in both PHYSICS 1400 (880:011) and PHYSICS 1000 (880:012). Prerequisite(s): student must have satisfied university entrance requirements in English and Mathematics. (Fall and Spring)

PHYSICS 1100. First-Year Projects in Physics — 1 hr.

An introduction to the basic elements of physics research and applications. Students will complete a series of projects designed to integrate theory, measurement and computation to create instruments and devices that interact with the physical world. In doing so, students will learn how to create and control electro-mechanical devices and gain experience in techniques used in both industry and research. Prerequisite(s) or corequisite(s): PHYSICS 1701 (880:130), Physics I for Science and Engineering, or the consent of the department head. (Fall)

PHYSICS 1400 (880:011). Conceptual Physics — 4 hrs.

Energy; temperature and heat; waves and sound; electricity and magnetism; light and color; and atomic and nuclear structure of matter. Emphasis on observation, interpretation, and conceptual understanding of physical phenomena. Discussion, 3 periods; lab, 2 periods. Students may not earn credit in both PHYSICS 1400 (880:011) and PHYSICS 1000 (880:012). Prerequisite(s): student must have satisfied university entrance requirements in English and Mathematics. (Fall and Spring)

PHYSICS 1511 (880:054). General Physics I — 4 hrs.

Algebra-based introductory course covering Newtonian mechanics, gravitation, and thermal physics. Emphasis on conceptual understanding of physical principles through group investigations and lab activities. Discussion/lab, 5 periods. Prerequisite(s): MATH 1130 (800:044) or MATH 1140 (800:046) or MATH 1150 (800:048) or MATH 1420 (800:060) or equivalent, or a satisfactory ALEKS score. (Fall and Spring)

PHYSICS 1512 (880:056). General Physics II — 4 hrs.

Algebra-based introductory course covering electricity, magnetism, optics, and modern physics. Emphasis on conceptual understanding of physical principles through group investigations and lab activities. Discussion/lab, 5 periods. Prerequisite(s): PHYSICS 1511 (880:054) or PHYSICS 1701 (880:130). (Fall and Spring)

PHYSICS 1701 (880:130). Physics I for Science and Engineering — 4 hrs.

Calculus-based introductory course covering Newtonian mechanics, gravitation, and thermal physics. Lab activities. Discussion/lab, 5 periods. Prerequisite(s): one year of high school physics or equivalent. Prerequisite(s) or corequisite(s): MATH 1420 (800:060). (Fall)

PHYSICS 1702 (880:131). Physics II for Science and Engineering — 4 hrs.

Calculus-based introductory course covering electricity, magnetism, and optics. Lab activities. Discussion/lab, 5 periods. Prerequisite(s): PHYSICS 1511 (880:054) (minimum grade of B) or PHYSICS 1701 (880:130). Prerequisite(s) or corequisite(s): MATH 1421 (800:061). (Spring)

PHYSICS 1800 (880:080). Projects in Basic Robotics and Sensors — 1 hr.

Assembly of a mini-sumo robot, with motor, sensors and microprocessor. Implement line following. Explore modifications to the sumo hardware and software that will permit successful participation in a sumo robotics competition at the end of the course. Lab, 2 periods. Prerequisite(s) or corequisite(s): PHYSICS 1511 (880:054) and PHYSICS 1512 (880:056), or PHYSICS 1701 (880:130) and PHYSICS 1702 (880:131), or MATH 1140 (800:046) and TECH 1037 (330:037), or CS 1410 (810:041) or CS 1510 (810:051). (Variable)

PHYSICS 2300 (880:132). Physics III: Theory and Simulation — 3 hrs.

Calculus-based course covering the more advanced topics in introductory physics. Emphasis on developing analytical and computational skills needed to study physics at a more advanced level. Topics include Newtonian mechanics and applications, Maxwell's equations and applications. Prerequisite(s): PHYSICS 1702 (880:131). (Fall)

PHYSICS 2700. Mathematical Methods of Physics — 3 hrs.

Introduction to the mathematical methods used in upper-level Physics courses, illustrated with applications from all areas of Physics. Applications will illustrate electrodynamics, thermodynamics, classical mechanics and quantum mechanics. Prerequisite(s): MATH 1420 (800:060); MATH 1421 (800:061); MATH 2422 (800:062); PHYSICS 1701 (880:130); PHYSICS 1702 (880:131); PHYSICS 2300 (880:132). (Spring)

PHYSICS 3000 (880:180). Undergraduate Research in Physics — 1-6 hrs.

Research activities under direct supervision of sponsoring staff members or at a national laboratory. Should normally be taken after the first year of the major. Successful completion of the research experience requires both a written and oral report. Prerequisite(s): minimum overall 2.50 GPA; consent of department. (Fall and Spring)

PHYSICS 3179 (880:179). Cooperative Education.

Applied physics internship under PHYSICS 3179 (880:179) should be taken during the junior or senior year. If unable to do so, the internship may be done under PHYSICS 3500 (880:184) with consent of department. Successful completion of either PHYSICS 3179 (880:179) or PHYSICS 3500 (880:184) requires both a written and an oral report. Offered on credit/no credit basis only. (Fall and Spring)

PHYSICS 3500 (880:184). Internship in Applied Physics — 1-3 hrs.

Departmentally approved work in applied physics (at an industrial, medical, or government laboratory) followed by oral and written reports given on completed work. Offered on credit/no credit basis only. Prerequisite(s): minimum overall 2.50 GPA; consent of department. (Fall and Spring)

PHYSICS 3700 (880:187). Physics Seminar — 1 hr.

Seminar course covering aspects important for life after graduation. Participation in physics colloquia; oral report on research topic or internship, drafting resume/CV, interview, perform job and graduate school search. Prerequisite(s): PHYSICS 4100/5100 (880:137g). (Fall)

PHYSICS 4050/5050 (880:140g). Optical Science — 3 hrs.

An introduction to optics and applied optics. Topics include: geometric optics, wave optics, quantum optics, and introductions to lasers and optical spectroscopy. Discussion, 2 periods; lab, 2 periods. Prerequisite(s): PHYSICS 1512 (880:056) or PHYSICS 1702 (880:131); junior standing or consent of department head. (Fall)

PHYSICS 4080/5080. Resources for Teaching Physics — 2 hrs.

A physics course that focuses on topics recommended for high school physics programs, with an emphasis on various physics education resources in the context of science education initiatives. This course is designed for both current science teachers and science education undergraduates. Prerequisite(s): PHYSICS 1511 (880:054) or PHYSICS 1701 (880:130); PHYSICS 1512 (880:056) or PHYSICS 1702 (880:131); junior standing. (Spring)

PHYSICS 4100/5100 (880:137g). Modern Physics — 4 hrs.

Special relativity; quantum phenomena; wave-particle duality; atomic and nuclear structure; properties of solids, interaction of radiation with matter; and elementary particles. Prerequisite(s): PHYSICS 1702 (880:131); junior standing. (Spring)

PHYSICS 4110/5110 (880:138g). Modern Physics Laboratory — 2 hrs.

Experiments on interactions of photons and electrons; mass and charge of electrons; atomic spectroscopy; nuclear detection and spectroscopy; spin resonance; and properties of solids. Requires detailed lab reports, including error analysis. Prerequisite(s): junior standing. Prerequisite(s) or corequisite(s): PHYSICS 4100/5100 (880:137g). (Spring)

PHYSICS 4200/5200 (880:144g). Nanoscience — 3 hrs.

Study of nanoscale materials and processes, with emphasis on the preparation and characterization of materials with nanometer scale dimensions; investigation of how nanoscale dimensions produce unique chemical and physical properties; nanoscale microscopy and spectroscopic methods of investigation. Prerequisite(s): CHEM 1110 (860:044) and CHEM 1120 (860:048) (or CHEM 1130 (860:070)); PHYSICS 1511 (880:054) or PHYSICS 1701 (880:130); PHYSICS 1512 (880:056) or PHYSICS 1702 (880:131); junior standing. [Same as CHEM 4200/5200 (860:144g)] (Fall)

PHYSICS 4210/5210 (880:148g). Nanotechnology — 3 hrs.

Study of nanoscale materials and processes, with emphasis on the current and potential future applications of materials with distinctive properties due to their nanometer scale dimensions; nanoporous materials; discussion of the broader implications of nanotechnology in areas such as government policy, occupational safety and medical technology. Prerequisite(s): CHEM 1110 (860:044) and CHEM 1120 (860:048) (or CHEM 1130 (860:070)); PHYSICS 1511 (880:054) or PHYSICS 1701 (880:130); PHYSICS 1512 (880:056) or PHYSICS 1702 (880:131); junior standing. [Same as CHEM 4210/5210 (860:148g)] (Odd Springs)

PHYSICS 4290/5290. Project Lead The Way: Digital Electronics — 3 hrs.

Introduction to the theory and applications of analog and digital electronics utilizing the Digital Electronics curriculum from the nationally certified Project Lead The Way (PLTW) curriculum. Especially intended for science and technology K-12 education majors to become certified PLTW teachers of this course. Prerequisite(s): PHYSICS 1511 (880:054) or PHYSICS 1400 (880:011) or PHYSICS 1701 (880:130); junior standing. (Same as TECH 4290/5290) (Spring)

PHYSICS 4300/5300 (880:152g). Introduction to Electronics — 4 hrs.

Introduction to DC and AC circuits; electrical measurements, circuit theory and circuit simulation; analog and digital circuits; energy generation and efficiency. Discussion, 2 periods; lab, 4 periods. Prerequisite(s): PHYSICS 1512 (880:056) or PHYSICS 1702 (880:131); MATH 1421 (800:061); junior standing. (Fall)

PHYSICS 4310/5310 (880:154g). Physical Computing — 4 hrs.

Introduction to computer interfacing, instrument control, and data acquisition. Utilization of industry standard software and microcontrollers to acquire and process data, process signals, and perform feedback control of physical systems. Prerequisite(s): PHYSICS 1511 (880:054) and PHYSICS 1512 (880:056), or PHYSICS 1701 (880:130) and PHYSICS 1702 (880:131); junior standing. (Odd Springs)

PHYSICS 4450/5450 (880:185g). Laboratory Projects — 1-3 hrs.

Experimental activities to meet individual needs and interests not normally included in other courses. Maximum of 3 hours may be applied to a physics major or minor. Prerequisite(s): junior standing; consent of department. (Fall and Spring)

PHYSICS 4600/5600 (880:166g). Classical Mechanics — 4 hrs.

Vectors and kinematics; force and motion; work and energy; Lagrange's equations; gravity; oscillations; rigid-body motion; and accelerated reference frames. Prerequisite(s): MATH 1420 (800:060); MATH 1421 (800:061); PHYSICS 1701 (880:130); PHYSICS 1702 (880:131); PHYSICS 2300 (880:132); PHYSICS 2700; junior standing. Corequisite(s): MATH 2422 (800:062). (Fall)

PHYSICS 4700/5700 (880:167g). Electrodynamics — 4 hrs.

Vector calculus. Electrostatic fields and dielectrics; magnetic fields, magnetic forces, and magnetic materials; Maxwell's equations and electromagnetic waves. Prerequisite(s): MATH 2422 (800:062); PHYSICS 2300 (880:132); PHYSICS 2700; PHYSICS 4600/5600 (880:166g); junior standing. (Odd Springs)

PHYSICS 4750/5750 (880:174g). Physics of Modern Materials — 3 hrs.

Structural, thermal, and electronic properties of materials; applications to modern devices. Discussion, 2 periods; lab, 2 periods. Prerequisite(s): PHYSICS 4100/5100 (880:137g); PHYSICS 4110/5110 (880:138g); junior standing. (Odd Falls)

PHYSICS 4800/5800 (880:172g). Quantum Mechanics — 4 hrs.

Solution of Schrodinger equation for several systems: spin and angular momentum; identical particles; perturbation theory; WKB approximation; and scattering. Prerequisite(s): PHYSICS 2700; PHYSICS 4100/5100 (880:137g); PHYSICS 4600/5600 (880:166g); junior standing. (Even Springs)

PHYSICS 4860/5860 (880:150g). Computational Physics — 3 hrs.

Computer simulations and numerical solutions of behaviors of important physical systems, emphasizing those that are very difficult or impossible to analyze by traditional means, for example, nonlinear oscillators or phase transitions in the Ising Model. Discussion, 2 periods; lab, 2 periods. Prerequisite(s): PHYSICS 2300 (880:132); PHYSICS 2700; PHYSICS 4100/5100 (880:137g); PHYSICS 4600/5600 (880:166g); junior standing. (Spring)

PHYSICS 4900/5900 (880:136g). Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics — 4 hrs.

General principles of classical thermodynamics and applications (e.g., to first-order phase transitions); general principles of statistical mechanics and applications (e.g., to the classical ideal gas). Prerequisite(s): PHYSICS 2300 (880:132); PHYSICS 2700; PHYSICS 4100/5100 (880:137g); junior standing. (Spring)

PHYSICS 4950/5950 (880:189g). Readings in Physics — 1-3 hrs.

Readings/problems in areas of physics (or related interdisciplinary areas) not normally covered in other courses. Maximum of 3 hours may be applied to a physics major or minor. Prerequisite(s): junior standing; consent of department. (Variable)

PHYSICS 4990. Senior Thesis — 1 hr.

Senior Thesis. Open only to students pursuing the B.S. Physics Honors Research Emphasis or the B.A. Physics-Teaching Honors Research Emphasis. Prerequisite(s): consent of the department head. (Fall, Spring, Summer)

PHYSICS 6100 (880:205). Modeling and Simulation of Physical Systems — 3 hrs.

Computer simulation and visualization of physical systems. Students will code, debug, and run basic simulations in C++ as well as more sophisticated simulations with other tools, including parallel computing. Prerequisite(s): CS 1160 (810:036) and PHYSICS 4860/5860 (880:150g), or MATH 3440/5440 (800:176g) and CS 1160 (810:036), or consent of instructor. (Variable)

PHYSICS 6299 (880:299). Research.

Prerequisite(s): consent of department. (Variable)

PHYSICS 6300 (880:220). Computer Interfacing and Signal Processing — 3 hrs.

Introduction to computer interfacing, instrument control, and data acquisition. Discussion of digital signal processing and utilization of industry-standard software platforms in laboratory activities. Prerequisite(s): PHYSICS 2300 (880:132); PHYSICS 4300/5300 (880:152g). (Variable)

PHYSICS 6500 (880:250). Special Problems in Physics — 1-6 hrs.

Credit determined at registration. Problems selected according to needs of students. Prerequisite(s): consent of department. (Variable)