2018-19 Academic Catalog
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Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences

(College of Humanities, Arts and Sciences)

www.earth.uni.edu

The Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences offers the following undergraduate programs. Specific requirements for these programs are listed within this Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences section in the following order:

Undergraduate Major (B.S.)

  • Environmental Science (also listed in Department of Biology)

Undergraduate Majors (B.A.)

  • Earth Science
  • Earth Science-Teaching
  • Environmental Resource Management (also listed in Department of Geography, Department of Biology and Department of Health, Recreation and Community Services)
  • Environmental Science

Minors

  • Air Quality
  • Astronomy
  • Earth Science
  • Earth Science-Teaching
  • Environmental Earth Science
  • Geology

The Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences encompasses five curricular disciplines: astronomy, meteorology, geology, earth science education and environmental science.

Major programs are offered in two baccalaureate areas:

  • Bachelor of Sciences
  • Bachelor of Arts

The B.A. degree in Earth Science is designed as a broad liberal arts major that can build a strong foundation for a variety of career plans. It also provides supportive background and additional career options as a second major for students majoring in other disciplines such as mathematics, computer science, technology, anthropology, geography, biology, chemistry or related areas. The B.A. degree in Earth Science-Teaching is designed to prepare secondary Earth Science teachers. The B.A. degree in Environmental Science will provide students with the tools necessary to assess and evaluate environmental issues in various fields including air quality, hydrology and geoscience.

Bachelor of Sciences Degree Programs

Environmental Science Major

The B.S. Environmental Science major will include two curricular paths for students, one with a life science emphasis and the other with an earth science emphasis.  The program will enable students to prepare for a graduate program in the environmental sciences or to directly enter industry in the public or private sector.  All students will have a common core of courses providing a foundation in biology and geosciences, and will also be required to take part in a capstone research project.*

Required Core32
General Biology: Organismal Diversity
Evolution, Ecology and the Nature of Science **
General Chemistry I
General Chemistry II
Elements of Weather
Introduction to Geology
Geographic Information Systems I
Calculus I
Undergraduate Research in Biology **
Undergraduate Research in Earth Science
Environmental Life Sciences Track33
Required:7
Biostatistics **
Ecology **
Electives:26
Pick courses from each of the three categories (A, B, & C) to accumulate to a minimum of 26 hours.
Category A - Content Policy Related Courses (select a minimum of 2 courses)
Wildlife Ecology and Management **
Biodiversity Conservation Policy **
Conservation Biology **
Category B - Content Biology Related Courses (select a minimum of 2 courses)
Invertebrate Zoology
Plant Diversity and Evolution
Entomology
Aquatic Ecology
Mammalogy
Plant Systematics
Restoration Ecology
Category C - Cognates (select a minimum of 2 courses)
Applied Organic and Biochemistry
Organic Chemistry I
Earth History
Meteorology
Air Quality
Structural Geology
Sedimentary Geology
Geomorphology
Oceanography
Environmental Geology
Environmental Hydrology
Hydrogeology
Field and Laboratory Methods in Hydrology
Recent Climate Change
Environmental Geography
Soils and Landscapes
Rivers
Reconstructing Ice Age Environments **
Geographic Information Systems II
Remote Sensing of the Environment
Calculus II
Environmental Earth Science Track33
Required:13
Introduction to Environmental Earth Science
Air Quality
Environmental Geology
Environmental Hydrology
Electives:20
Pick courses from each of the Categories (A & B) to accumulate a minimum of 20 hours
Category A - Physical Environment Relate Courses (select a minimum of 4 courses)
Earth History
Meteorology
Air Quality Modeling
Measurement and Analysis of Air Quality **
Structural Geology
Earth Materials
Sedimentary Geology
Paleoclimatology
Geomorphology
Oceanography
Hydrogeology
Field and Laboratory Methods in Hydrology
Category B - Cognates (select a minimum of 2 courses)
Invertebrate Zoology
Plant Diversity and Evolution
Entomology **
Wildlife Ecology and Management **
Biodiversity Conservation Policy **
Aquatic Ecology **
Biostatistics **
Mammalogy **
Plant Systematics **
Conservation Biology **
Ecology **
Restoration Ecology **
Applied Organic and Biochemistry
Organic Chemistry I
Recent Climate Change
Environmental Geography **
Soils and Landscapes **
Rivers
Reconstructing Ice Age Environments **
Geographic Information Systems II
Remote Sensing of the Environment
Calculus II
Total Hours65
*

 Students must receive a grade of C- (1.67) or higher in courses that are applied to their major.  Prior to enrollment in a course, all prerequisites must be completed with a C- (1.67) or higher.

**

 These courses have additional prerequisites as follows:

BIOL 3100 (840:100) has prerequisites of BIOL 2051 (840:051); BIOL 2052 (840:052); CHEM 1110 (860:044) and CHEM 1120 (860:048), or CHEM 1130 (860:070).

BIOL 3190 (840:190) has prerequisites of BIOL 2051 (840:051)BIOL 2052 (840:052).

BIOL 4157/5157 (840:157g) has prerequisites of MATH 1140 (800:046), or MATH 1120 (800:056) and MATH 1130 (800:044), or MATH 1420 (800:060), or equivalent; BIOL 3100 (840:100); BIOL 3140 (840:140)

BIOL 4168/5168 (840:168g) has prerequisites of BIOL 3100 (840:100); BIOL 3140 (840:140).

BIOL 4105/5105 (840:105g) has prerequisites of BIOL 3100 (840:100); BIOL 3140 (840:140).

BIOL 4108/5108 has prerequisites of BIOL 3100 (840:100); BIOL 3140 (840:140).

BIOL 4167/5167 (840:167g) has prerequisites of BIOL 3100 (840:100); BIOL 3140 (840:140).

GEOG 4240/5240 (970:155g) has prerequisites of GEOG 1210 (970:026); GEOG 2210 (970:028); EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031).

EARTHSCI 3250/5250 (870:177g) has a prerequisites of EARTHSCI 1200 (870:021) and a prerequisite or corequisite of EARTHSCI 3230/5230 (870:123g).

BIOL 3170 (840:170) has prerequisites of BIOL 2051 (840:051); BIOL 2052 (840:052); CHEM 1110 (860:044) and CHEM 1120 (860:048), or CHEM 1130 (860:070).

BIOL 4154/5154 (840:154g) has prerequisites of BIOL 3100 (840:100); BIOL 3140 (840:140).

BIOL 4164/5164 (840:164g) has prerequisites of BIOL 3100 (840:100); BIOL 3140 (840:140).

BIOL 4166/5166 (840:166g) has prerequisites of BIOL 3100 (840:100); BIOL 3140 (840:140).

BIOL 4180/5180 (840:180g) has prerequisites of BIOL 3100 (840:100); BIOL 3140 (840:140).

GEOG 3220 (970:100) has a prerequisite of GEOG 1120 (970:010) or GEOG 1210 (970:026) or GEOG 2210 (970:028) or GEOG 1110 (970:040) or consent of instructor. 

GEOG 4220/5220 (970:126g) has a prerequisite of EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031) or GEOG 1210 (970:026).

GEOG 4240/5240 (970:155g) has prerequisites of GEOG 1210 (970:026); GEOG 2210 (970:028); EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031) or consent of instructor.

Bachelor of Arts Degree Programs

Earth Science Major

The Earth Science major requires a minimum of 120 total hours to graduate. This total includes Liberal Arts Core requirements and the following specified major requirements, plus electives to complete the minimum of 120 hours.

Required
Mathematics:
MATH 1140 (800:046)Precalculus4
or MATH 1420 (800:060) Calculus I
Chemistry and Biochemistry:
CHEM 1110 (860:044)General Chemistry I4
Earth Science:
EARTHSCI 1100 (870:010)Astronomy *4
EARTHSCI 1200 (870:021)Elements of Weather3
EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031)Introduction to Geology4
EARTHSCI 1320 (870:035)Earth History4
Physics:
PHYSICS 1511 (880:054)General Physics I4
or PHYSICS 1701 (880:130) Physics I for Science and Engineering
Electives in earth science: 100/3000/4000-level^ courses **18
Total Hours45
*

EARTHSCI 1100 (870:010) must be taken for four semester hours of credit.

**

100/3000/4000-level credits in earth science must include at least one course from each of astronomy, geology, and meteorology. In addition, at least 2 hours must be from either EARTHSCI 3410/5410 (870:137g), EARTHSCI 3179 (870:179) "Cooperative Education", EARTHSCI 4400 (870:180), EARTHSCI 3430 (870:195), or another appropriate experiential learning course approved by the student’s advisor and the department head.

^

See course section for 4-digit numbers associated with these 100-level courses.

Earth Science Major-Teaching

The Earth Science-Teaching major requires a minimum of 120 total hours to graduate. This total includes Liberal Arts Core requirements, the Professional Education Requirements and the following specified major requirements, plus electives to complete the minimum of 120 hours.

Required
Science and Science Education:
SCI ED 3300/5300 (820:190g)Orientation to Science Teaching4
SCI ED 4700/5700 (820:193g)Methods for Teaching Physical Science3
TEACHING 3129Secondary and Special-Area Classroom Management1
Chemistry and Biochemistry:5-8
General Chemistry I
and General Chemistry II
General Chemistry I-II
Earth Science:
EARTHSCI 1100 (870:010)Astronomy *4
EARTHSCI 1200 (870:021)Elements of Weather3
EARTHSCI 1210 (870:022)Elements of Weather Laboratory1
EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031)Introduction to Geology4
EARTHSCI 1320 (870:035)Earth History4
EARTHSCI 3210/5210 (870:121g)Meteorology4
Physics:
PHYSICS 1511 (880:054)General Physics I4
PHYSICS 1512 (880:056)General Physics II4
Electives in earth science: 100/3000/4000-level courses ^,**6
Total Hours47-50
*

EARTHSCI 1100 (870:010) must be taken for four semester hours of credit.

**

Excluding the following Courses: EARTHSCI 3186/4186/5186 (870:186/870:186g) "Studies in", EARTHSCI 3420/5420 (870:189g), EARTHSCI 3430 (870:195), EARTHSCI 4198 (870:198) "Independent Study".

^

See course descriptions for 4-digit numbers associated with these 100-level courses.

Environmental Resource Management Major

The Environmental Resource Management major is aimed at students searching for career options in the broadly-defined 'outdoor environment' that are related to natural resources, environmental systems, and sustainable development. This program will prepare students for careers in the environmental and human management of public and private spaces across differing categories of environmental systems - from public parks and lands to conservancy units managed by governmental and other non-profit agencies and organizations. This program aims to serve those students who do not wish to pursue careers as environmental scientists per se from more tightly focused 'environmental science' programs.

  • STUDENTS ARE REQUIRED TO TAKE THE CORE REQUIREMENTS (31 HOURS) AND MAY CHOOSE ONLY ONE OF THE FOUR SPECIALIZATION TRACKS (30-32 HOURS).
  • Each track is composed of clusters of courses with a specific concentration, each of which has a separate hourly requirement.
  • For purposes of this degree program, those prerequisite courses required by BIOL, EARTHSCI, GEOG, and KAHHS for mid/upper-level courses in each Track THAT ARE NOT INCLUDED IN THE CORE REQUIREMENTS will normally be waived by the appropriate departments.
  • The separate tracks allow students to specialize in the area of most general interest while the primary & secondary foci within each track make sure students also are exposed to a wide range of important auxiliary coursework.
  • By permission of the Provost’s Office, students enrolled in the B.A. Environmental Resource Management major will be considered majors in all four of the participating departments.
Core Requirements
BIOL 2051 (840:051)General Biology: Organismal Diversity4
BIOL 3100 (840:100)Evolution, Ecology and the Nature of Science *3
CHEM 1110 (860:044)General Chemistry I4
EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031)Introduction to Geology4
or
Physical Geography
and Physical Geography Laboratory
EARTHSCI 3330/5330 (870:141g)Geomorphology4
GEOG 4260Environmental Resource Management3
GEOG 3310 (970:164)Geographic Information Systems I3
LYHS 4055 (430:151)Financial Resource Management for LYHS Agencies3
HISUS 4170/5170U.S. Environmental History3
Total Hours31
*

For students pursuing the Environmental Resource Management B.A. degree, the Department of Biology will waive the BIOL 2052 (840:052) and CHEM 1120 (860:048) prerequisites for enrollment into BIOL 3100 (840:100).

Encouraged Certificates: Certificate programs that are appropriate to couple with the ERM major and help to expand specific, relevant experiences for students.

    - GIS & Cartography (Dept. of Geography)

    - Sustainability (Interdisciplinary)

    - Outdoor Recreation (Department of Health, Recreation and Community Services)

    - Tourism (Department of Health, Recreation and Community Services)

    - Nonprofit Management Certificate (Department of Health, Recreation and Community Services)

    - Environmental Health Certificate (Department of Health, Recreation and Community Services)

    - Public History (Dept. of History)

Ecosystems Track

A total of 32 hours are needed for this track. There are 12 hours of required courses. In addition, student select courses from all three elective categories (A, B, & C) to accumulate to a minimum of 20 hours. At least one course must be taken from each elective category.

Required
BIOL 4168/5168 (840:168g)Ecology **4
CHEM 1120 (860:048)General Chemistry II4
MATH 1140 (800:046)Precalculus4
Electives:20
Category A - Content Management Related Courses (pick at least 1 course)
Wildlife Ecology and Management **
Biodiversity Conservation Policy **
Conservation Biology **
Restoration Ecology **
Category B - Content Related Courses (pick at least 1 course)
Invertebrate Zoology *
Marine Biology *
Entomology *
Aquatic Ecology **
Biostatistics **
Mammalogy **
Plant Systematics **
GIS Applications: (Variable Topic)
Geographic Information Systems II
Category C - Cognates (pick at least 1 course)
Elements of Weather
Applied Writing: Projects, Grants and Careers ^
Recent Climate Change
Natural Hazards and Disasters
Environmental Geography ^
Natural Regions of North America
Climatology
Soils and Landscapes
Reconstructing Ice Age Environments ^
Laboratory Methods in Environmental Geography
Remote Sensing of the Environment
History of Outdoor Recreation
Principles of Tourism
Trends and Issues in Outdoor Recreation
Leadership Skills ^
Project Management ^
Cooperative Education in Geography ^
Cooperative Education
Internship
Internship
Field Experience in Health Promotion
Total Hours32
*

 * For students pursuing the Environmental Resource Management B.A. degree, the Department of Biology will waive BIOL 2052 (840:052) and CHEM 1120 (860:048) for BIOL 3000-level courses.

**

 ** For students pursuing the Environmental Resource Management B.A. degree, the Department of Biology will waive BIOL 3140 (840:140) as a prerequisite for BIOL 4000-level courses.

^

 ^ These courses have additional prerequisites as follows:

ENGLISH 4785/5785 (620:177g) has prerequisites of ENGLISH 2770 (620:077) and one of the following - INSTTECH 4170/5170 (240:170g), ART 3030 (600:125), ENGLISH 4765/5765 (620:102g), ENGLISH 4770/5770 (620:104g), ENGLISH 4775/5775 (620:105g), ENGLISH 4780/5780 (620:107g) or consent of instructor; junior standing.

GEOG 3220 (970:100) has a prerequisite of GEOG 1120 (970:010) or GEOG 1210 (970:026) or GEOG 2210 (970:028) or GEOG 1110 (970:040) or consent of instructor.

GEOG 4240/5240 (970:155g) has prerequisites of GEOG 1210 (970:026); GEOG 2210 (970:028); EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031); or consent of instructor; junior standing.

MGMT 3183 and MGMT 3185 has a prerequisite of MGMT 3153 (150:153).

GEOG 3179 (970:179) has prerequisites of 15 hours of geography at UNI; cumulative GPA of 2.50; junior standing; consent of department.

LYHS 4095 (430:187) has prerequisites of senior standing; consent of Internship Coordinator and a corequisite of LYHS 4090 (430:184).

HPE 4768 (410:168) has prerequisites of HPE 3693 (410:193); senior standing; 2.50 cumulative GPA; consent of Health Promotion and Education Coordinator of Student Field Experiences.


Geosystems Track

A total of 30 hours are needed for this track, with a minimum of 21 hours from the Primary Focus group and 9 hours from the Secondary Focus group.

Electives
Primary Focus - Content Related Courses21
Environmental Hydrology ^
Earth Materials ^
Recent Climate Change
Natural Hazards and Disasters
Environmental Geography * ^
or
Environmental Geology ***
Soils and Landscapes
Rivers
Climatology
Elements of Weather
Laboratory Methods in Environmental Geography
Remote Sensing of the Environment
Trends and Issues in Outdoor Recreation
Managing Recreation Impacts on the Natural Environment
Principles of Nonprofit Organizations
Secondary Focus - Management Cognates9
Wildlife Ecology and Management **
Restoration Ecology **
Sedimentary Geology ****
Field and Laboratory Methods in Hydrology
Environmental Economics ^
Applied Writing: Projects, Grants and Careers ^
Natural Regions of North America
Regional Analysis and Planning
Reconstructing Ice Age Environments *
GIS Applications: (Variable Topic) ^
Geographic Information Systems II ^
History of Outdoor Recreation
History of Outdoor Recreation
Principles of Tourism
Eco, Adventure and Sport Tourism #
Project Management ^
Public Budgeting ^
Cooperative Education ^
Cooperative Education in Geography
Internship
Internship
Field Experience in Health Promotion
Cooperative Education in Geography ^
Cooperative Education
Internship
Internship
Field Experience in Health Promotion
Other courses as approved by advisors and program director
Total Hours30
*

 * For students pursuing the Geosystems Track, the Geography Department will accept GEOG 1210 (970:026) and GEOG 1211 or EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031) as the prerequisite for enrollment into all listed Geography courses except GEOG 4310/5310 (970:170g) and GEOG 4320/5320 (970:174g).

**

 ** The Biology Department will waive BIOL 3140 (840:140) as a prerequisite for BIOL 4105/5105 (840:105g) and BIOL 4180/5180 (840:180g).

***

 *** The Earth and Environmental Sciences Department will accept GEOG 1210 (970:026) and GEOG 1211 as substitutes for courses that require EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031).

****

 **** The Earth and Environmental Sciences Department will waive the requirement of EARTHSCI 1320 (870:035) for EARTHSCI 3325/5325 (870:136g).

#

 # The Department of Health, Recreation and Community Services will waive LYHS 2770 (430:070) as a prerequisite for LYHS 4776/5776 (430:170g).

^

 ^ These courses have additional prerequisites as follows:

EARTHSCI 3322 has a prerequisite of EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031).

EARTHSCI 3350/5350 (870:173g) has prerequisites of EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031); junior standing.

GEOG 3220 (970:100) has a prerequisite of GEOG 1120 (970:010) or GEOG 1210 (970:026) or GEOG 2210 (970:028) or GEOG 1110 (970:040) or consent of instructor.

ECON 3225/5225 (920:123g) has prerequisites of ECON 1041 (920:053), ECON 1051 (920:054); junior standing.

ENGLISH 4785/5785 (620:177g) has prerequisites of ENGLISH 2770 (620:077); one of the following courses - INSTTECH 4170/5170 (240:170g), ART 3030 (600:125), ENGLISH 4765/5765 (620:102g), ENGLISH 4770/5770 (620:104g), ENGLISH 4775/5775 (620:105g), ENGLISH 4780/5780 (620:107g), or consent of instructor; junior standing.

GEOG 4310/5310 (970:170g) has prerequisites of GEOG 3310 (970:164); junior standing.

GEOG 4320/5320 (970:174g) has prerequisites of GEOG 3310 (970:164) or consent of instructor; junior standing.

MGMT 3185 has a prerequisite of MGMT 3153 (150:153).

POL AMER 3172/5172 (942:172) has prerequisites of POL AMER 1014 (942:014); POL AMER 1048 (942:048).

GEOG 3179 (970:179) has prerequisites of 15 hours of geography at UNI; cumulative GPA of 2.50; junior standing; consent of department.

LYHS 4095 (430:187) has prerequisites of senior standing; consent of Internship Coordinator and a corequisite of LYHS 4090 (430:184).

HPE 4768 (410:168) has prerequisites of HPE 3693 (410:193); senior standing; 2.50 cumulative GPA; consent of Health Promotion and Education Coordinator of Student Field Experiences.

Resource Administration Track

A total of 30 hours are needed for this track, with a minimum of 21 hours from the Primary Focus group and 9 hours from the Secondary Focus group.

Primary Focus - Content Related Courses21
Recent Climate Change
Regional Analysis and Planning
Natural Hazards and Disasters
Environmental and Occupational Health Regulations
Principles of Nonprofit Organizations
Human Resource Development for Leisure, Youth and Human Services
Areas and Facilities for Leisure, Youth and Human Services **
Managing Recreation Impacts on the Natural Environment
History of Outdoor Recreation
Eco, Adventure and Sport Tourism ^
Secondary Focus - Cognates9
Conservation Biology **
Natural Regions of North America
Soils and Landscapes
Rivers
Climatology
Laboratory Methods in Environmental Geography
GIS Applications: (Variable Topic)
Geographic Information Systems II
Remote Sensing of the Environment
Applied Writing: Technical Communication ^
Applied Writing: Projects, Grants and Careers
Environmental Health Science
Principles of Tourism
Theory and Practice of Experiential Education
Trends and Issues in Outdoor Recreation
Community Planning Workshop
Project Management ^
Public Budgeting ^
Cooperative Education in Geography ^
Cooperative Education
Internship
Internship
Field Experience in Health Promotion
Other courses as approved by advisors and program director
Total Hours30
*

 * The Biology Department will waive BIOL 3140 (840:140) as a prerequisite for BIOL 4167/5167 (840:167g).

**

 ** The Geography Department and the Department of Health, Recreation and Community Services will waive LYHS 3060 (430:110) as a prerequisite for enrollment into LYHS 4115/5115 (430:168g).

^

 ^ These courses have additional prerequisites as follows:

LYHS 4776/5776 (430:170g) has prerequisites of LYHS 2770 (430:070) or consent of instructor; junior standing.

ENGLISH 4775/5775 (620:105g) has prerequisites of MGMT 2080 (150:080) or ENGLISH 2770 (620:077) or consent of instructor; junior standing.

ENGLISH 4785/5785 (620:177g) has prerequisites of ENGLISH 2770 (620:077); one of the following courses - INSTTECH 4170/5170 (240:170g), ART 3030 (600:125), ENGLISH 4765/5765 (620:102g), ENGLISH 4770/5770 (620:104g), ENGLISH 4775/5775 (620:105g), ENGLISH 4780/5780 (620:107g), or consent of instructor; junior standing.

MGMT 3185 has a prerequisite of MGMT 3153 (150:153).

POL AMER 3172/5172 (942:172) has prerequisites of POL AMER 1014 (942:014); POL AMER 1048 (942:048).

GEOG 3179 (970:179) has prerequisites of 15 hours of geography at UNI; cumulative GPA of 2.50; junior standing; consent of department.

LYHS 4095 (430:187) has prerequisites of senior standing; consent of Internship Coordinator and a corequisite of LYHS 4090 (430:184).

HPE 4768 (410:168) has prerequisites of HPE 3693 (410:193); senior standing; 2.50 cumulative GPA; consent of Health Promotion and Education Coordinator of Student Field Experiences.

Environmental Compliance Track

A total of 32 hours need for this focus area, with 15 hours of required courses, a minimum of 10 hours from the Primary Focus group and 7 hours from the Secondary Focus group.

Required
ECON 1041 (920:053)Principles of Macroeconomics3
ECON 1051 (920:054)Principles of Microeconomics3
ECON 3225/5225 (920:123g)Environmental Economics3
HPE 4666/5666 (410:166g)Environmental and Occupational Health Regulations3
PHIL 2550Environmental Ethics3
Primary Focus - Content Related Courses10
Elements of Weather
Introduction to Environmental Earth Science
Air Quality ^
Environmental Geology *
or
Environmental Geography
Environmental Hydrology *
Secondary Focus - Cognates7
Air Quality Modeling ^
Measurement and Analysis of Air Quality ** ^
Sedimentary Geology ***
Hydrogeology *
Soils and Landscapes
Rivers
Remote Sensing of the Environment
Environmental Health Science
Managing Recreation Impacts on the Natural Environment
Organizational Management *
Project Management ^
Introduction to Public Administration
Cooperative Education in Geography ^
Cooperative Education
Internship
Internship
Field Experience in Health Promotion
Other courses as approved by advisors and program director
Total Hours32
*

 * The Earth and Environmental Sciences Department will accept GEOG 1210 (970:026) and GEOG 1211 as a substitute for courses that require EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031).

**

 ** The Earth and Environmental Sciences Department will waive EARTHSCI 3230/5230 (870:123g) as a prerequisite for enrollment into EARTHSCI 3240/5240 (870:124g) and EARTHSCI 3250/5250 (870:177g).

***

 *** The Earth and Environmental Sciences Department will waive the requirement for EARTHSCI 1320 (870:035) for EARTHSCI 3325/5325 (870:136g).

^

 ^ These courses have additional prerequisites as follows:

EARTHSCI 3230/5230 (870:123g) has prerequisites of EARTHSCI 1200 (870:021); junior standing.

GEOG 3220 (970:100) has a prerequisite of GEOG 1120 (970:010) or GEOG 1210 (970:026) or GEOG 2210 (970:028) or GEOG 1110 (970:040) or consent of instructor.

EARTHSCI 3240/5240 (870:124g) has prerequisites of EARTHSCI 1200 (870:021); junior standing.

EARTHSCI 3250/5250 (870:177g) has prerequisites of EARTHSCI 1200 (870:021); junior standing and a prerequisite or corequisite of EARTHSCI 3230/5230 (870:123g).

MGMT 3185 has a prerequisite of MGMT 3153 (150:153).

GEOG 3179 (970:179) has prerequisites of 15 hours of geography at UNI; cumulative GPA of 2.50; junior standing; consent of department.

LYHS 4095 (430:187) has prerequisites of senior standing; consent of Internship Coordinator and a corequisite of LYHS 4090 (430:184).

HPE 4768 (410:168) has prerequisites of HPE 3693 (410:193); senior standing; 2.50 cumulative GPA; consent of Health Promotion and Education Coordinator of Student Field Experiences.

 

Environmental Science Major

The B.A. Environmental Science major requires a minimum of 120 total hours to graduate. This total includes Liberal Arts Core requirements and the following specified major requirements, plus electives to complete the minimum of 120 hours.

The Environmental Science major is intended as a hands-on program with all students having a common curricular core centered on Geology and Meteorology, as well as Geography, Biology, Environmental Policies, Mathematics, and Chemistry. Following the common core courses students take supporting courses in areas of professional interest – Air Quality, Geoscience, or Hydrology. Each has a range of courses that provide students with experience in evaluating and responding to environmental issues. Please contact the Earth and Environmental Sciences Office for a list of current supporting courses.

Required
BIOL 2051 (840:051)General Biology: Organismal Diversity4
CHEM 1110 (860:044)General Chemistry I4
EARTHSCI 1200 (870:021)Elements of Weather3
EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031)Introduction to Geology4
EARTHSCI 3230/5230 (870:123g)Air Quality4
EARTHSCI 3345/5345 (870:171g)Environmental Geology3
EARTHSCI 3350/5350 (870:173g)Environmental Hydrology3
EARTHSCI 3430 (870:195)Internship2
or EARTHSCI 4400 (870:180) Undergraduate Research in Earth Science
ENV SCI/HPE 4666Environmental and Occupational Health Regulations3
GEOG 3310 (970:164)Geographic Information Systems I3
MATH 1140 (800:046)Precalculus4
or MATH 1420 (800:060) Calculus I
STAT 1772 (800:072)Introduction to Statistical Methods3
Electives selected for area of professional interest22
Total Hours62

Minors

Air Quality Minor

The Air Quality Minor prepares students for careers in governmental regulation of air quality, industrial compliance with the Clean Air Act, and private sector environmental consulting.

Required:
EARTHSCI 1200 (870:021)Elements of Weather3
EARTHSCI 3210/5210 (870:121g)Meteorology4
EARTHSCI 3230/5230 (870:123g)Air Quality4
EARTHSCI 3240/5240 (870:124g)Air Quality Modeling4
EARTHSCI 3250/5250 (870:177g)Measurement and Analysis of Air Quality4
Electives: 8 hours from the following8
General Chemistry I
General Chemistry II
General Chemistry I-II
Chromatography and Quantitative Analysis
Weather Analysis and Forecasting
Recent Climate Change
Geographic Information Systems I
Total Hours27

Astronomy Minor

Required:
EARTHSCI 1100 (870:010)Astronomy3-4
EARTHSCI 3130 (870:152)Stars2
EARTHSCI 3140 (870:153)Galaxies and Cosmology2
EARTHSCI 4150/5150Astrophysics3
MATH 1420 (800:060)Calculus I4
MATH 1421 (800:061)Calculus II4
PHYSICS 1701 (880:130)Physics I for Science and Engineering4
PHYSICS 1702 (880:131)Physics II for Science and Engineering4
Total Hours26-27

Earth Science Minor

Required
Courses in Earth Science20
Total Hours20

 

Earth Science Minor-Teaching

Required
Chemistry and Biochemistry:
CHEM 1110 (860:044)General Chemistry I4
Earth Science:
EARTHSCI 1100 (870:010)Astronomy *4
EARTHSCI 1200 (870:021)Elements of Weather3
EARTHSCI 1210 (870:022)Elements of Weather Laboratory1
EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031)Introduction to Geology4
EARTHSCI 1320 (870:035)Earth History4
Physics:
PHYSICS 1511 (880:054)General Physics I4
Total Hours24

*

EARTHSCI 1100 (870:010) must be taken for four semester hours of credit.

Also required: a teaching major or minor in biology, chemistry, physics, or science.

Completion of this minor will satisfy the requirements of the Iowa Department of Education for Earth Science approval (effective October 1, 1988) only if the student has completed 30 semester hours in the broad area of science.

Environmental Earth Science Minor

Required:
BIOL 2051 (840:051)General Biology: Organismal Diversity4
EARTHSCI 1200 (870:021)Elements of Weather3
EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031)Introduction to Geology4
EARTHSCI 1400Introduction to Environmental Earth Science3
EARTHSCI 3230/5230 (870:123g)Air Quality4
EARTHSCI 3345/5345 (870:171g)Environmental Geology3
EARTHSCI 3350/5350 (870:173g)Environmental Hydrology3
GEOG 3310 (970:164)Geographic Information Systems I3
Electives: choose one of the following3
Environmental Economics *
Environmental Health Science
Recent Climate Change
Remote Sensing of the Environment
Total Hours30
*

 ECON 3225/5225 has prerequisites of ECON 1041 and ECON 1051.


 Geology Minor

Required:
EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031)Introduction to Geology4
EARTHSCI 1320 (870:035)Earth History4
EARTHSCI 3322Earth Materials4
EARTHSCI 3325/5325 (870:136g)Sedimentary Geology4
EARTHSCI 3330/5330 (870:141g)Geomorphology4
EARTHSCI 3355/5355 (870:175g)Hydrogeology3
Electives: choose one of the following:3-4
Structural Geology
Paleoclimatology
Fossils and Evolution
Oceanography
Total Hours26-27

Environmental Science, B.S.

This is only a sample plan and it is flexible to a certain degree, particularly with Liberal Arts Core electives. Students should regularly meet with their faculty advisor to carefully plan their course schedule.

Plan of Study Grid
Freshman
FallHour
BIOL 2051 (840:051) General Biology: Organismal Diversity 4
UNIV 1000 First-Year Cornerstone: Integrated Communication I 3
EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031) Introduction to Geology 4
Liberal Arts 4
 Hours15
Spring
UNIV 1010 First-Year Cornerstone: Integrated Communication II 3
EARTHSCI 1200 (870:021) Elements of Weather 3
MATH 1420 (800:060) Calculus I 4
Liberal Arts 6
 Hours16
Sophomore
Fall
CHEM 1110 (860:044) General Chemistry I 4
BIOL 3100 (840:100) Evolution, Ecology and the Nature of Science 3
Environmental Science Electives 3
Liberal Arts 3
University Elective 3
 Hours16
Spring
CHEM 1120 (860:048) General Chemistry II 4
GEOG 3310 (970:164) Geographic Information Systems I 3
Environmental Science Electives 3
Liberal Arts 3
University Elective 3
 Hours16
Junior
Fall
Environmental Science Electives 3
Liberal Arts 4
University Electives 9
 Hours16
Spring
Environmental Science Electives 8
Liberal Arts 3
University Electives 6
 Hours17
Senior
Fall
Environmental Science Electives 8
Liberal Arts Core 3
University Electives 3
 Hours14
Spring
BIOL 3190 or EARTHSCI 4400 3
Environmental Science Electives 8
Liberal Arts Core 2
University Electives 3
 Hours16
 Total Hours126

Earth Science, B.A.

This is only a sample plan and it is flexible to a certain degree, particularly with Liberal Arts Core electives.  Students should regularly meet with their faculty advisor to carefully plan their course schedule.

Plan of Study Grid
Freshman
FallHour
CHEM 1110 (860:044) General Chemistry I 4
UNIV 1000 First-Year Cornerstone: Integrated Communication I 3
EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031) Introduction to Geology 4
Liberal Arts 3
 Hours14
Spring
EARTHSCI 1320 (870:035) Earth History 4
UNIV 1010 First-Year Cornerstone: Integrated Communication II 3
EARTHSCI 1200 (870:021) Elements of Weather 3
MATH 1140 (800:046) Precalculus(or MATH 1420) 4
 Hours14
Sophomore
Fall
EARTHSCI 1100 (870:010) Astronomy 4
PHYSICS 1511 (880:054) General Physics I (or PHYSICS 1701) 4
Liberal Arts 6
 Hours14
Spring
Geology, Astronomy and/or Meteorology Electives 3
University Electives 6
Liberal Arts 6
 Hours15
Junior
Fall
Geology, Astronomy and/or Meteorology Electives 4
Liberal Arts 6
University Electives 6
 Hours16
Spring
Geology, Astronomy, and/or Meteorology Electives 3
University Electives 6
Liberal Arts 6
 Hours15
Senior
Fall
EARTHSCI 3410 or EARTHSCI 3430 or EARTHSCI 4400 2
Geology, Astronomy, and/or Meteorology Electives 3
University Electives 5
Liberal Arts 6
 Hours16
Spring
Geology, Astronomy, and/or Meteorology Electives 3
University Electives 11
Liberal Arts 2
 Hours16
 Total Hours120

Earth Science-Teaching, B.A.

This is only a sample plan and it is flexible to a certain degree, particularly with Liberal Arts Core electives.  Students should regularly meet with their faculty advisor to carefully plan their course schedule. 

Plan of Study Grid
Freshman
FallHour
CHEM 1110 (860:044) General Chemistry I 4
UNIV 1000 First-Year Cornerstone: Integrated Communication I 3
EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031) Introduction to Geology 4
TEACHING 2017 Level 1 Field Experience: Exploring Teaching 1
EDPSYCH 2030 (200:030) Dynamics of Human Development 3
 Hours15
Spring
CHEM 1120 (860:048) General Chemistry II 4
Liberal Arts 6
EARTHSCI 1320 (870:035) Earth History 4
UNIV 1010 First-Year Cornerstone: Integrated Communication II 3
 Hours17
Sophomore
Fall
EARTHSCI 1100 (870:010) Astronomy (*) 3-4
PHYSICS 1511 (880:054) General Physics I 4
SPED 3150 (220:150) Meeting the Needs of Diverse Learners in Classrooms 2
Liberal Arts 6
 Hours15-16
Spring
PHYSICS 1512 (880:056) General Physics II 4
TEACHING 3128 Level 2 Field Experience: Teacher as a Change Agent 1
TEACHING 3139 (280:139) Vocational/Technical Teaching 1
EDPSYCH 3148 (200:148) Learning and Motivation in Classroom Contexts 3
MEASRES 3150 (250:150) Classroom Assessment 2
Liberal Arts 6
 Hours17
Junior
Fall
EARTHSCI 1200 (870:021) Elements of Weather 3
EARTHSCI 1210 (870:022) Elements of Weather Laboratory 1
Liberal Arts 11
 Hours15
Spring
EARTHSCI 3210/5210 (870:121g) Meteorology 4
SOCFOUND 3119 (260:119) Schools and American Society 3
SCI ED 3300/5300 (820:190g) Orientation to Science Teaching 4
100/3000/4000-Level Earth Science Electives** 3
 Hours14
Senior
Fall
100/3000/4000-Level Earth Science Electives** 3
SCI ED 4700/5700 (820:193g) Methods for Teaching Physical Science 3
TEACHING 4170/5170 (280:170g) Human Relations: Awareness and Application 3
Liberal Arts 2
University Electives 3
 Hours14
Spring
TEACHING 3138 (280:138) Secondary School Teaching 12
 Hours12
 Total Hours119-120
*

  EARTHSCI 1100 (870:010) must be taken for four semester hours of credit.

**

 Excluding the following courses: EARTHSCI 3186/4186/5186 (*870:186/870:186g) "Studies in", EARTHSCI 3420/5420 (870:189g), EARTHSCI 3430 (870:195), EARTHSCI 4198 (870:198 "Independent Study".

*

EARTHSCI 1100 (870:010) must be taken for four semester hours of credit.

**

 Excluding the following courses: EARTHSCI 3186/4186/5186 (*870:186/870:186g) "Studies in", EARTHSCI 3420/5420 (870:189g), EARTHSCI 3430 (870:195), EARTHSCI 4198 (870:198) "Independent Study".

Environmental Resource Management, B.A.

This is only a sample plan and it is flexible to a certain degree, particularly with Liberal Arts Core electives. Students should regularly meet with their faculty advisor to carefully plan their course schedule.

Plan of Study Grid
Freshman
FallHour
BIOL 2051 (840:051) General Biology: Organismal Diversity 4
UNIV 1000 First-Year Cornerstone: Integrated Communication I 3
EARTHSCI 1300 or GEOG 1210 and GEOG 1211 4
Liberal Arts 4
 Hours15
Spring
CHEM 1110 (860:044) General Chemistry I 4
GEOG 3310 (970:164) Geographic Information Systems I 3
UNIV 1010 First-Year Cornerstone: Integrated Communication II 3
Liberal Arts 4
 Hours14
Sophomore
Fall
BIOL 3100 (840:100) Evolution, Ecology and the Nature of Science 3
GEOG 4260 Environmental Resource Management 3
Liberal Arts 6
University Elective 3
 Hours15
Spring
Degree Electives 10
Liberal Arts 6
 Hours16
Junior
Fall
EARTHSCI 3330/5330 (870:141g) Geomorphology 4
LYHS 4055 (430:151) Financial Resource Management for LYHS Agencies 3
Liberal Arts 9
 Hours16
Spring
HISUS 4170/5170 U.S. Environmental History 3
Degree Electives 4
Liberal Arts 2
University Electives 6
 Hours15
Senior
Fall
Degree Electives 9
University Electives 6
 Hours15
Spring
Degree Electives 8
University Electives 6
 Hours14
 Total Hours120

Environmental Science, B.A.

This is only a sample plan and it is flexible to a certain degree, particularly with Liberal Arts Core electives.  Students should regularly meet with their faculty advisor to carefully plan their course schedule.  

Plan of Study Grid
Freshman
FallHour
CHEM 1110 (860:044) General Chemistry I 4
UNIV 1000 First-Year Cornerstone: Integrated Communication I 3
EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031) Introduction to Geology 4
Liberal Arts 3
 Hours14
Spring
UNIV 1010 First-Year Cornerstone: Integrated Communication II 3
EARTHSCI 1200 (870:021) Elements of Weather 3
MATH 1140 or MATH 1420 4
Liberal Arts 6
 Hours16
Sophomore
Fall
GEOG 3310 (970:164) Geographic Information Systems I 3
STAT 1772 (800:072) Introduction to Statistical Methods 3
Environmental Science Electives 3
Liberal Arts Core 6
 Hours15
Spring
BIOL 2051 (840:051) General Biology: Organismal Diversity 4
Environmental Science Electives 5
Liberal Arts 6
 Hours15
Junior
Fall
EARTHSCI 3230/5230 (870:123g) Air Quality 4
EARTHSCI 3345/5345 (870:171g) Environmental Geology 3
Environmental Science Electives 5
Liberal Arts 3
 Hours15
Spring
EARTHSCI 3350/5350 (870:173g) Environmental Hydrology 3
Environmental Science Electives 2
Liberal Arts 2
University Electives 8
 Hours15
Senior
Fall
EARTHSCI 3430 or EARTHSCI 4400 2
Environmental Science Electives 5
Liberal Arts Core 3
University Electives 5
 Hours15
Spring
HPE/ENV SCI 4666/5666 3
Environmental Science Electives 2
University Electives 10
 Hours15
 Total Hours120

Courses

EARTHSCI 1100 (870:010). Astronomy — 3-4 hrs.

Introduction to the Universe, solar system, stars, and galaxies, including apparent motions of bodies in the sky; development of astronomy and its impact on humankind. Discussion, 3 periods; lab, 2 periods. Also offered as a 3-hour course without lab. Prerequisite(s): student must have satisfied university entrance requirements in English and Mathematics. (Fall, Spring, Summer)

EARTHSCI 1110 (870:011). Astronomy Laboratory — 1 hr.

Exploration of astronomical phenomena through the use of telescopes, charts, almanacs, computer simulations, and other laboratory equipment. Students will gain experience in methods of observing the night sky and become familiar with celestial objects. Lab, 2 periods. Prerequisite(s): consent of instructor. Prerequisite(s) or corequisite(s): EARTHSCI 1100 (870:010). (Fall, Spring, Summer)

EARTHSCI 1200 (870:021). Elements of Weather — 3 hrs.

Meteorological elements and their applications to environment; interpretation of weather maps and weather data; forecasting and briefing on daily weather. Discussion, 3 periods. No credit for those who have completed EARTHSCI 3210/5210 (870:121g). Prerequisite(s): student must have satisfied university entrance requirements in English and Mathematics. (Fall, Spring, Summer)

EARTHSCI 1210 (870:022). Elements of Weather Laboratory — 1 hr.

Fundamentals of meteorological observation, use of basic meteorological instruments, and applications of maps and charts to understanding forecasts. Intended for science teaching majors and minors. Lab, 2 periods. Prerequisite(s) or corequisite(s): EARTHSCI 1200 (870:021). (Fall and Spring)

EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031). Introduction to Geology — 4 hrs.

Introduction to the physical environment, emphasizing materials of the Earth and processes that lead to changes within and on the Earth. Lab emphasis includes rocks and minerals, geologic processes, and landscape development. Discussion, 3 periods; lab, 2 periods. Prerequisite(s): student must have satisfied university entrance requirements in English and Mathematics. (Fall and Spring)

EARTHSCI 1320 (870:035). Earth History — 4 hrs.

Methods and principles used in deciphering the 4.6 billion-year history of our planet; discussion of history and evolution of life on Earth and examination of major physical and plate-tectonic events through geologic time. Discussion, 3 periods; lab, 2 periods. Prerequisite(s): EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031) or equivalent. (Fall and Spring)

EARTHSCI 1400. Introduction to Environmental Earth Science — 3 hrs.

Introduction to the physical, biological, and cultural components of the natural world around us. The primary focus is on global-scale understanding of environmental issues using a scientific approach. Discussion, 3 periods. Prerequisite(s): Students must have satisfied university entrance requirements in English and Mathematics. (Fall)

EARTHSCI 1410 (870:037). Field Studies in ____________ — 1-4 hrs.

Field studies in various areas of Earth Science: geology, oceanography, paleontology, meteorology, and astronomy. To be preceded by seminars on proposed study area. Student collection of data in the field and reports on their findings. May be repeated in different study area. Only 4 hours may be applied to the Earth Science minor. Prerequisite(s): consent of instructor. (Variable)

EARTHSCI 3100/5100 (870:109g). Fundamentals of Astronomy — 4 hrs.

Basic principles of astronomy intended primarily for in-service teachers. No credit for students with credit in EARTHSCI 1100 (870:010) or its equivalent. Prerequisite(s): junior standing; consent of department head. (Fall, Spring, Summer)

EARTHSCI 3110/5110 (870:154g). Observational Astronomy — 2 hrs.

Use of astronomical instruments (telescopes, cameras, and digital cameras), along with observing aids (charts, catalogs, and ephemerides), for collection, analysis, and interpretation of astronomical data. Discussion, 1 period; lab, 2 periods. Prerequisite(s): EARTHSCI 1100 (870:010) (4 semester hours) or equivalent; junior standing. (Fall)

EARTHSCI 3120 (870:151). Planets — 2 hrs.

Examination of the Sun's family of planets, satellites, asteroids, and comets, including formation and evolution; processes currently at work in the Solar System; search for exoplanets. Discussion, 2 periods. Prerequisite(s): EARTHSCI 1100 (870:010) or equivalent. (Variable)

EARTHSCI 3130 (870:152). Stars — 2 hrs.

Study of structure and the evolution of stars; the Sun, protostars, red giants, white dwarfs, variable stars, supernovae, pulsars, and black holes. Discussion, 2 periods. Prerequisite(s): EARTHSCI 1100 (870:010) or equivalent. (Variable)

EARTHSCI 3140 (870:153). Galaxies and Cosmology — 2 hrs.

Study of the Milky Way Galaxy and other galaxies. Examination of active galaxies and radio galaxies, galaxy clusters, quasars, and galactic black holes. Discussion of the structure, origin, evolution, and fate of the Universe. Discussion, 2 periods. Prerequisite(s): EARTHSCI 1100 (870:010) or equivalent. (Variable)

EARTHSCI 3150. Naked-eye Astronomy — 2 hrs.

Exploration of the changing sky with examples of how different cultures have reacted to and used these changes for time keeping and navigation. (Spring)

EARTHSCI 3200/5200 (870:111g). Fundamentals of Weather — 3 hrs.

Basic principles of meteorology intended primarily for in-service teachers. Prerequisite(s): junior standing; consent of department head. (Fall and Spring)

EARTHSCI 3210/5210 (870:121g). Meteorology — 4 hrs.

Weather observations; the atmospheric boundary layer; heating and cooling of the atmosphere; instability and thunderstorm formation; winds and weather systems; air pollution and weather. Discussion, 3 periods; lab, 2 periods. Prerequisite(s): EARTHSCI 1200 (870:021); junior standing. (Spring)

EARTHSCI 3220/5220 (870:122g). Weather Analysis and Forecasting — 3 hrs.

Fundamentals of weather forecasting; practical application of numerical prediction; analysis of surface and upper air weather observations; the polar front cyclone; conceptual models of atmospheric ascent; thunderstorms; ensemble forecasting; daily weather forecasting exercise. Discussion, 3 periods. Prerequisite(s): EARTHSCI 3210/5210 (870:121g); junior standing. (Variable)

EARTHSCI 3230/5230 (870:123g). Air Quality — 4 hrs.

Atmospheric pollution and pollutants; effect of air pollution on the atmosphere, health and welfare; regulation and public policy; atmospheric dispersion of air pollution; air pollution control; indoor air quality. Discussion, 4 periods. Prerequisite(s): EARTHSCI 1200 (870:021); junior standing. (Fall)

EARTHSCI 3240/5240 (870:124g). Air Quality Modeling — 4 hrs.

Theory and application of air quality modeling; simulation of ambient concentrations of air pollution; dispersion modeling; photochemical modeling. Discussion, 3 periods; lab, 2 periods. Prerequisite(s): EARTHSCI 1200 (870:021); junior standing. (Spring)

EARTHSCI 3250/5250 (870:177g). Measurement and Analysis of Air Quality — 4 hrs.

Atmospheric chemistry; techniques commonly used in air quality measurement; collection and analysis of gases and particulates; remote sensing of air pollution; indoor air quality; determining compliance with air quality regulations. Discussion, 3 periods; lab, 2 periods. Prerequisite(s): EARTHSCI 1200 (870:021); junior standing. Prerequisite(s) or corequisite(s): EARTHSCI 3230/5230 (870:123g). (Fall)

EARTHSCI 3300/5300 (870:128g). Fundamentals of Geology — 4 hrs.

Basic principles of physical geology intended primarily for inservice teachers. Prerequisite(s): junior standing; consent of department head. (Fall and Spring)

EARTHSCI 3310/5310 (870:129g). Structural Geology — 4 hrs.

Origins and mechanics of rock deformation. Plate tectonics and the deformation of Earth's crust. Field trip. Discussion, 2 periods; lab, 4 periods. Prerequisite(s): EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031); EARTHSCI 1320 (870:035); junior standing. (Even Springs)

EARTHSCI 3315 (870:117). Earthquakes and Tsunamis — 2 hrs.

Study of the causes, measurements, prediction, and preparation for earthquakes and tsunamis and the effects of earthquakes and tsunamis on civilization. Discussion, 1 period; lab, 2 periods. Prerequisite(s): Student must have satisfied university entrance requirements in English and Mathematics. (Variable)

EARTHSCI 3322. Earth Materials — 4 hrs.

Investigations of the composition, properties, classification, identification, and origin of common Earth materials including the major rock-forming minerals as well as igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks. Discussion 3 periods, lab 2 periods. Prerequisite(s): EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031). (Spring)

EARTHSCI 3325/5325 (870:136g). Sedimentary Geology — 4 hrs.

Investigation of layered rocks, sedimentary processes, sedimentation, environments of deposition, correlation procedures, and classification and description of common sedimentary rocks. Field trips. Discussion, 2 periods; lab, 4 periods. Prerequisite(s): junior standing. Prerequisite(s) or corequisite(s): EARTHSCI 1320 (870:035). (Fall)

EARTHSCI 3327/5327. Paleoclimatology — 3 hrs.

Introduction to paleoclimatology emphasizing methods and principles used to decipher paleoclimate events in the geologic past. This course focuses on climate forcing, the response time of Earth's climate system, feedbacks within the climate system, and the role of carbon in this system over million-year time scales. In particular, the role of stable and radiogenic isotope proxies in determining paleoclimate events is emphasized. Discussion, 3 periods. Prerequisite(s): EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031) or GEOG 1210 (970:026); EARTHSCI 1320 (870:035) or permission of the instructor; junior standing. (Variable)

EARTHSCI 3328 (870:125). Fossils and Evolution — 4 hrs.

Topics in paleontology, including fossil preservation, systematics, functional morphology, paleoecology, paleobiogeography, and biostratigraphy, with special emphasis on mass extinctions and the role of paleontology in reconstructing evolutionary history. Laboratory studies of major groups of fossil invertebrates. Discussion, 3 periods; lab, 3 periods. (Variable)

EARTHSCI 3330/5330 (870:141g). Geomorphology — 4 hrs.

Classification, description, origin, and development of landforms and their relationship to underlying structure and lithology; emphasis on geomorphic processes. Includes fluvial, glacial, periglacial, eolian, karstic, weathering, and mass-movement processes and features. Discussion, 3 periods; labs and field trips, 2 periods. Prerequisite(s): EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031) or GEOG 1210 (970:026); junior standing. (Fall)

EARTHSCI 3340/5340 (870:165g). Oceanography — 3 hrs.

Basic principles of geological, biological, chemical, and physical oceanography; emphasis on marine geology. Physiographic features of ocean basins, coastal features and processes, oceanic sediments, biological and geological resources, and ocean management. Discussion, 3 periods. Prerequisite(s): EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031) or equivalent; junior standing. (Variable)

EARTHSCI 3345/5345 (870:171g). Environmental Geology — 3 hrs.

Recognition and remediation of natural and human induced geologic hazards. Analysis of issues or problems of local concern where possible. Discussion, 2 periods; lab and field trips, 2 periods. Prerequisite(s): EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031) or equivalent; junior standing. (Odd Falls)

EARTHSCI 3350/5350 (870:173g). Environmental Hydrology — 3 hrs.

Introduction to environmental aspects of watershed hydrology. Surface water hydrologic processes, pollution of surface water resources, surface water - ground water interactions, unsaturated zone hydrologic processes, movement of chemicals in soils, site characterization, and soil remediation techniques. Discussion, 3 periods. Prerequisite(s): EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031); junior standing. (Even Springs)

EARTHSCI 3355/5355 (870:175g). Hydrogeology — 3 hrs.

Principles and applications of hydrogeology including study of runoff, stream flow, soil moisture, and ground water flow. Examination and analysis of ground water flow to wells, regional ground water flow, geology of ground water occurrence, water chemistry of ground water, water quality and ground water contamination, ground water development and management, field methods, and ground water models. Discussion, 3 periods. Prerequisite(s): EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031); junior standing. (Odd Springs)

EARTHSCI 3360/5360. Field and Laboratory Methods in Hydrology — 3 hrs.

Methods of data collection, laboratory procedures and error analysis associated with water in the geo-hydrologic systems. Develop skills in using hydrologic equipment, including ion chromatograph, spectrophotometers, water monitoring sondes, and well purging systems. Field trips; Discussion/lab, 4 periods. Prerequisite(s): junior standing. (Odd Falls)

EARTHSCI 3400/5400 (870:113g). Topics in Earth Science — 1-3 hrs.

Offered both on- and off-campus in flexible format. May include plate tectonics, geomagnetism, naked-eye astronomy, telescope usage, weather forecasting, or other topics of current interest. Topics listed in Schedule of Classes. May be repeated on different topic. Application to major requires consent of department head. Prerequisite(s): junior standing. (Fall, Spring, Summer)

EARTHSCI 3410/5410 (870:137g). Field Studies in ____________ — 1-4 hrs.

Field studies in various areas of Earth Science including geology, oceanography, paleontology, meteorology, and astronomy. To be preceded by seminars on the proposed study area. Student collection of data in the field and reports on their findings. May be repeated in different study area. Only 4 hours may be applied to the Earth Science minor. Prerequisite(s) or corequisite(s): an EARTHSCI 3000/4000-level (870:1xx) course appropriate to the specific field studies and approved by department head; junior standing; consent of instructor. (Variable)

EARTHSCI 3420/5420 (870:189g). Readings in Earth Science — 1-3 hrs.

Maximum of 3 hours may be applied to earth science or geology majors or minors. Prerequisite(s): junior standing; consent of instructor and department head. (Variable)

EARTHSCI 3430 (870:195). Internship — 1-6 hrs.

Supervised work experience in approved work situation. Offered on credit/no credit basis only. Prerequisite(s): consent of department head. (Fall, Spring, Summer)

EARTHSCI 3500 (870:181). Investigations in Earth and Space Sciences — 4 hrs.

Introduction to significant concepts and theories of earth science and a model of effective teaching strategies related to elementary school level. Topics include geologic materials and processes acting on them and fundamentals of earth history, weather, and astronomy. Discussion and/or lab, 5 periods plus arranged. Prerequisite(s): SCI ED 1100 (820:033). (Odd Springs)

EARTHSCI 4150/5150. Astrophysics — 3 hrs.

Examination of astrophysical concepts and principles for a range of topics, including processes that influence stars, galaxies and the universe. Prerequisite(s): PHYSICS 1701 (880:130), PHYSICS 1702 (880:131), MATH 1420 (800:060), MATH 1421 (800:061), Junior Standing. (Even Springs)

EARTHSCI 4400 (870:180). Undergraduate Research in Earth Science — 1-3 hrs.

Research activities under direct supervision of Earth Science faculty member. Credit to be determined at registration. May be repeated for maximum of 6 hours. Prerequisite(s): consent of instructor and department head. (Fall, Spring, Summer)

EARTHSCI 6297 (870:297). Practicum.

(Variable)

EARTHSCI 6299 (870:299). Research.

Prerequisite(s): consent of department. (Variable)