2018-19 Academic Catalog
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Department of Geography

(College of Social and Behavioral Sciences)


www.uni.edu/geography

The Department of Geography offers the following undergraduate and graduate programs and program certificate.  Specific requirements for these programs are listed within this Department of Geography section in the following order:

Undergraduate Major (B.S.)

  • Geographic Information Science

Undergraduate Major (B.A.)

  • Environmental Resource Management (also listed in Department of Biology, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences and Department of Health, Recreation and Community Services)
  • Geography

Minor

  • Geography

Graduate Major (M.A.)

  • Geography

Program Certificate

  • Crime Mapping and Analysis (also listed in Department of Sociology, Anthropology, and Criminology)
  • Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Cartography

Bachelor of Science Degree Programs

Geographic Information Science Major

The B.S. Geographic Information Science major requires a minimum of 126 total hours to graduate. This total includes Liberal Arts Core requirements and the following specified major requirements, plus course choices for a focus within the major and electives, needed to complete the minimum of 126 hours.

Required
Geographic Information Science core:30-32
Human Geography
Physical Geography
Physical Geography Laboratory
Research Experience in Geography
Geographic Information Systems I
GIS Applications: (Variable Topic)
Geographic Information Systems II
Global Positioning System Field Survey Methods
Thematic Cartography
Remote Sensing of the Environment
Senior Seminar in Geography
Professional Seminar
Geography: (two of the following) 6
Digital Earth
Spatial Data Analysis *
Satellite Image Processing
One course from each of the following pairs:6
Mathematics or Sociology select one of the following:
Introduction to Statistical Methods
Statistics for Social Research
Computer Science or Geography select one of the following: :
GIS Programming
Database Systems *
Choose one Application Focus (below) and four courses from that focus12
Application Focus on Environmental Science and Policy
Health Promotion/Environmental:
Environmental and Occupational Health Regulations
Earth Science:
Air Quality *
Geography:
Recent Climate Change
Natural Hazards and Disasters
Environmental Geography
Climatology
Soils and Landscapes
Rivers
Reconstructing Ice Age Environments *
Laboratory Methods in Environmental Geography
Or approved courses in cognate areas.
Application Focus on Economic Geography and Business
Management:
Organizational Management
Geography:
Economic Geography
Cultural Geography
Locational Analysis for Business
Transportation Planning and Policy
Or approved courses in cognate areas.
Application Focus on Planning and Policy
Political Science:
Introduction to Public Administration
Geography:
Economic Geography
North American Cities
Cultural Geography
Demography and Population Geography
Regional Analysis and Planning
Transportation Planning and Policy
Or approved courses in cognate areas.
Electives1-4
Other courses, in Geography or cognate areas approved, to reach a minimum of 56 hours.
Total hours56
*

These courses have additional prerequisites as follows:

GEOG 4340/5340 (970:160g) has prerequisite of STAT 1772 (800:072) or SOC 2020 (980:080)

CS 3140/5140 (810:114g) has prerequisites of CS 1520 (810:052); CS 1800 (810:080).

EARTHSCI 3230/5230 (870:123g) has prerequisites of MATH 1420 (800:060); EARTHSCI 3210/5210 (870:121g).

GEOG 4240/5240 (970:155g) has prerequisites of GEOG 2210 (970:028); EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031) or consent of instructor.

Note: Choice of courses and subsequent course prerequisites may increase the length of this program.

Bachelor of Arts Degree Programs

Environmental Resource Management Major

The Environmental Resource Management major is aimed at students searching for career options in the broadly-defined 'outdoor environment' that are related to natural resources, environmental systems, and sustainable development. This program will prepare students for careers in the environmental and human management of public and private spaces across differing categories of environmental systems - from public parks and lands to conservancy units managed by governmental and other non-profit agencies and organizations. This program aims to serve those students who do not wish to pursue careers as environmental scientists per se from more tightly focused 'environmental science' programs.

  • STUDENTS ARE REQUIRED TO TAKE THE CORE REQUIREMENTS (31 HOURS) AND MAY CHOOSE ONLY ONE OF THE FOUR SPECIALIZATION TRACKS (30-32 HOURS).
  • Each track is composed of clusters of courses with a specific concentration, each of which has a separate hourly requirement.
  • For purposes of this degree program, those prerequisite courses required by BIOL, EARTHSCI, GEOG, and KAHHS for mid/upper-level courses in each Track THAT ARE NOT INCLUDED IN THE CORE REQUIREMENTS will normally be waived by the appropriate departments.
  • The separate tracks allow students to specialize in the area of most general interest while the primary & secondary foci within each track make sure students also are exposed to a wide range of important auxiliary coursework.
  • By permission of the Provost’s Office, students enrolled in the B.A. Environmental Resource Management major will be considered majors in all four of the participating departments.
Core Requirements
BIOL 2051 (840:051)General Biology: Organismal Diversity4
BIOL 3100 (840:100)Evolution, Ecology and the Nature of Science *3
CHEM 1110 (860:044)General Chemistry I4
EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031)Introduction to Geology4
or
Physical Geography
and Physical Geography Laboratory
EARTHSCI 3330/5330 (870:141g)Geomorphology4
GEOG 4260Environmental Resource Management3
GEOG 3310 (970:164)Geographic Information Systems I3
LYHS 4055 (430:151)Financial Resource Management for LYHS Agencies3
HISUS 4170/5170U.S. Environmental History3
Total Hours31
*

For students pursuing the Environmental Resource Management B.A. degree, the Department of Biology will waive the BIOL 2052 (840:052) and CHEM 1120 (860:048) prerequisites for enrollment into BIOL 3100 (840:100).

Encouraged Certificates: Certificate programs that are appropriate to couple with the ERM major and help to expand specific, relevant experiences for students.

    - GIS & Cartography (Dept. of Geography)

    - Sustainability (Interdisciplinary)

    - Outdoor Recreation (Department of Health, Recreation and Community Services)

    - Tourism (Department of Health, Recreation and Community Services)

    - Nonprofit Management Certificate (Department of Health, Recreation and Community Services)

    - Environmental Health Certificate (Department of Health, Recreation and Community Services)

    - Public History (Dept. of History)

Ecosystems Track

A total of 32 hours are needed for this track. There are 12 hours of required courses. In addition, student select courses from all three elective categories (A, B, & C) to accumulate to a minimum of 20 hours. At least one course must be taken from each elective category.

Required
BIOL 4168/5168 (840:168g)Ecology **4
CHEM 1120 (860:048)General Chemistry II4
MATH 1140 (800:046)Precalculus4
Electives:20
Category A - Content Management Related Courses (pick at least 1 course)
Wildlife Ecology and Management **
Biodiversity Conservation Policy **
Conservation Biology **
Restoration Ecology **
Category B - Content Related Courses (pick at least 1 course)
Invertebrate Zoology *
Marine Biology *
Entomology *
Aquatic Ecology **
Biostatistics **
Mammalogy **
Plant Systematics **
GIS Applications: (Variable Topic)
Geographic Information Systems II
Category C - Cognates (pick at least 1 course)
Elements of Weather
Applied Writing: Projects, Grants and Careers ^
Recent Climate Change
Natural Hazards and Disasters
Environmental Geography ^
Natural Regions of North America
Climatology
Soils and Landscapes
Reconstructing Ice Age Environments ^
Laboratory Methods in Environmental Geography
Remote Sensing of the Environment
History of Outdoor Recreation
Principles of Tourism
Trends and Issues in Outdoor Recreation
Leadership Skills ^
Project Management ^
Cooperative Education in Geography ^
Cooperative Education
Internship
Internship
Field Experience in Health Promotion
Total Hours32
*

 * For students pursuing the Environmental Resource Management B.A. degree, the Department of Biology will waive BIOL 2052 (840:052) and CHEM 1120 (860:048) for BIOL 3000-level courses.

**

 ** For students pursuing the Environmental Resource Management B.A. degree, the Department of Biology will waive BIOL 3140 (840:140) as a prerequisite for BIOL 4000-level courses.

^

 ^ These courses have additional prerequisites as follows:

ENGLISH 4785/5785 (620:177g) has prerequisites of ENGLISH 2770 (620:077) and one of the following - INSTTECH 4170/5170 (240:170g), ART 3030 (600:125), ENGLISH 4765/5765 (620:102g), ENGLISH 4770/5770 (620:104g), ENGLISH 4775/5775 (620:105g), ENGLISH 4780/5780 (620:107g) or consent of instructor; junior standing.

GEOG 3220 (970:100) has a prerequisite of GEOG 1120 (970:010) or GEOG 1210 (970:026) or GEOG 2210 (970:028) or GEOG 1110 (970:040) or consent of instructor.

GEOG 4240/5240 (970:155g) has prerequisites of GEOG 1210 (970:026); GEOG 2210 (970:028); EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031); or consent of instructor; junior standing.

MGMT 3183 and MGMT 3185 has a prerequisite of MGMT 3153 (150:153).

GEOG 3179 (970:179) has prerequisites of 15 hours of geography at UNI; cumulative GPA of 2.50; junior standing; consent of department.

LYHS 4095 (430:187) has prerequisites of senior standing; consent of Internship Coordinator and a corequisite of LYHS 4090 (430:184).

HPE 4768 (410:168) has prerequisites of HPE 3693 (410:193); senior standing; 2.50 cumulative GPA; consent of Health Promotion and Education Coordinator of Student Field Experiences.


Geosystems Track

A total of 30 hours are needed for this track, with a minimum of 21 hours from the Primary Focus group and 9 hours from the Secondary Focus group.

Electives
Primary Focus - Content Related Courses21
Environmental Hydrology ^
Earth Materials ^
Recent Climate Change
Natural Hazards and Disasters
Environmental Geography * ^
or
Environmental Geology ***
Soils and Landscapes
Rivers
Climatology
Elements of Weather
Laboratory Methods in Environmental Geography
Remote Sensing of the Environment
Trends and Issues in Outdoor Recreation
Managing Recreation Impacts on the Natural Environment
Principles of Nonprofit Organizations
Secondary Focus - Management Cognates9
Wildlife Ecology and Management **
Restoration Ecology **
Sedimentary Geology ****
Field and Laboratory Methods in Hydrology
Environmental Economics ^
Applied Writing: Projects, Grants and Careers ^
Natural Regions of North America
Regional Analysis and Planning
Reconstructing Ice Age Environments *
GIS Applications: (Variable Topic) ^
Geographic Information Systems II ^
History of Outdoor Recreation
History of Outdoor Recreation
Principles of Tourism
Eco, Adventure and Sport Tourism #
Project Management ^
Public Budgeting ^
Cooperative Education ^
Cooperative Education in Geography
Internship
Internship
Field Experience in Health Promotion
Cooperative Education in Geography ^
Cooperative Education
Internship
Internship
Field Experience in Health Promotion
Other courses as approved by advisors and program director
Total Hours30
*

 * For students pursuing the Geosystems Track, the Geography Department will accept GEOG 1210 (970:026) and GEOG 1211 or EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031) as the prerequisite for enrollment into all listed Geography courses except GEOG 4310/5310 (970:170g) and GEOG 4320/5320 (970:174g).

**

 ** The Biology Department will waive BIOL 3140 (840:140) as a prerequisite for BIOL 4105/5105 (840:105g) and BIOL 4180/5180 (840:180g).

***

 *** The Earth and Environmental Sciences Department will accept GEOG 1210 (970:026) and GEOG 1211 as substitutes for courses that require EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031).

****

 **** The Earth and Environmental Sciences Department will waive the requirement of EARTHSCI 1320 (870:035) for EARTHSCI 3325/5325 (870:136g).

#

 # The Department of Health, Recreation and Community Services will waive LYHS 2770 (430:070) as a prerequisite for LYHS 4776/5776 (430:170g).

^

 ^ These courses have additional prerequisites as follows:

EARTHSCI 3322 has a prerequisite of EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031).

EARTHSCI 3350/5350 (870:173g) has prerequisites of EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031); junior standing.

GEOG 3220 (970:100) has a prerequisite of GEOG 1120 (970:010) or GEOG 1210 (970:026) or GEOG 2210 (970:028) or GEOG 1110 (970:040) or consent of instructor.

ECON 3225/5225 (920:123g) has prerequisites of ECON 1041 (920:053), ECON 1051 (920:054); junior standing.

ENGLISH 4785/5785 (620:177g) has prerequisites of ENGLISH 2770 (620:077); one of the following courses - INSTTECH 4170/5170 (240:170g), ART 3030 (600:125), ENGLISH 4765/5765 (620:102g), ENGLISH 4770/5770 (620:104g), ENGLISH 4775/5775 (620:105g), ENGLISH 4780/5780 (620:107g), or consent of instructor; junior standing.

GEOG 4310/5310 (970:170g) has prerequisites of GEOG 3310 (970:164); junior standing.

GEOG 4320/5320 (970:174g) has prerequisites of GEOG 3310 (970:164) or consent of instructor; junior standing.

MGMT 3185 has a prerequisite of MGMT 3153 (150:153).

POL AMER 3172/5172 (942:172) has prerequisites of POL AMER 1014 (942:014); POL AMER 1048 (942:048).

GEOG 3179 (970:179) has prerequisites of 15 hours of geography at UNI; cumulative GPA of 2.50; junior standing; consent of department.

LYHS 4095 (430:187) has prerequisites of senior standing; consent of Internship Coordinator and a corequisite of LYHS 4090 (430:184).

HPE 4768 (410:168) has prerequisites of HPE 3693 (410:193); senior standing; 2.50 cumulative GPA; consent of Health Promotion and Education Coordinator of Student Field Experiences.

Resource Administration Track

A total of 30 hours are needed for this track, with a minimum of 21 hours from the Primary Focus group and 9 hours from the Secondary Focus group.

Primary Focus - Content Related Courses21
Recent Climate Change
Regional Analysis and Planning
Natural Hazards and Disasters
Environmental and Occupational Health Regulations
Principles of Nonprofit Organizations
Human Resource Development for Leisure, Youth and Human Services
Areas and Facilities for Leisure, Youth and Human Services **
Managing Recreation Impacts on the Natural Environment
History of Outdoor Recreation
Eco, Adventure and Sport Tourism ^
Secondary Focus - Cognates9
Conservation Biology **
Natural Regions of North America
Soils and Landscapes
Rivers
Climatology
Laboratory Methods in Environmental Geography
GIS Applications: (Variable Topic)
Geographic Information Systems II
Remote Sensing of the Environment
Applied Writing: Technical Communication ^
Applied Writing: Projects, Grants and Careers
Environmental Health Science
Principles of Tourism
Theory and Practice of Experiential Education
Trends and Issues in Outdoor Recreation
Community Planning Workshop
Project Management ^
Public Budgeting ^
Cooperative Education in Geography ^
Cooperative Education
Internship
Internship
Field Experience in Health Promotion
Other courses as approved by advisors and program director
Total Hours30
*

 * The Biology Department will waive BIOL 3140 (840:140) as a prerequisite for BIOL 4167/5167 (840:167g).

**

 ** The Geography Department and the Department of Health, Recreation and Community Services will waive LYHS 3060 (430:110) as a prerequisite for enrollment into LYHS 4115/5115 (430:168g).

^

 ^ These courses have additional prerequisites as follows:

LYHS 4776/5776 (430:170g) has prerequisites of LYHS 2770 (430:070) or consent of instructor; junior standing.

ENGLISH 4775/5775 (620:105g) has prerequisites of MGMT 2080 (150:080) or ENGLISH 2770 (620:077) or consent of instructor; junior standing.

ENGLISH 4785/5785 (620:177g) has prerequisites of ENGLISH 2770 (620:077); one of the following courses - INSTTECH 4170/5170 (240:170g), ART 3030 (600:125), ENGLISH 4765/5765 (620:102g), ENGLISH 4770/5770 (620:104g), ENGLISH 4775/5775 (620:105g), ENGLISH 4780/5780 (620:107g), or consent of instructor; junior standing.

MGMT 3185 has a prerequisite of MGMT 3153 (150:153).

POL AMER 3172/5172 (942:172) has prerequisites of POL AMER 1014 (942:014); POL AMER 1048 (942:048).

GEOG 3179 (970:179) has prerequisites of 15 hours of geography at UNI; cumulative GPA of 2.50; junior standing; consent of department.

LYHS 4095 (430:187) has prerequisites of senior standing; consent of Internship Coordinator and a corequisite of LYHS 4090 (430:184).

HPE 4768 (410:168) has prerequisites of HPE 3693 (410:193); senior standing; 2.50 cumulative GPA; consent of Health Promotion and Education Coordinator of Student Field Experiences.

Environmental Compliance Track

A total of 32 hours need for this focus area, with 15 hours of required courses, a minimum of 10 hours from the Primary Focus group and 7 hours from the Secondary Focus group.

Required
ECON 1041 (920:053)Principles of Macroeconomics3
ECON 1051 (920:054)Principles of Microeconomics3
ECON 3225/5225 (920:123g)Environmental Economics3
HPE 4666/5666 (410:166g)Environmental and Occupational Health Regulations3
PHIL 2550Environmental Ethics3
Primary Focus - Content Related Courses10
Elements of Weather
Introduction to Environmental Earth Science
Air Quality ^
Environmental Geology *
or
Environmental Geography
Environmental Hydrology *
Secondary Focus - Cognates7
Air Quality Modeling ^
Measurement and Analysis of Air Quality ** ^
Sedimentary Geology ***
Hydrogeology *
Soils and Landscapes
Rivers
Remote Sensing of the Environment
Environmental Health Science
Managing Recreation Impacts on the Natural Environment
Organizational Management *
Project Management ^
Introduction to Public Administration
Cooperative Education in Geography ^
Cooperative Education
Internship
Internship
Field Experience in Health Promotion
Other courses as approved by advisors and program director
Total Hours32
*

 * The Earth and Environmental Sciences Department will accept GEOG 1210 (970:026) and GEOG 1211 as a substitute for courses that require EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031).

**

 ** The Earth and Environmental Sciences Department will waive EARTHSCI 3230/5230 (870:123g) as a prerequisite for enrollment into EARTHSCI 3240/5240 (870:124g) and EARTHSCI 3250/5250 (870:177g).

***

 *** The Earth and Environmental Sciences Department will waive the requirement for EARTHSCI 1320 (870:035) for EARTHSCI 3325/5325 (870:136g).

^

 ^ These courses have additional prerequisites as follows:

EARTHSCI 3230/5230 (870:123g) has prerequisites of EARTHSCI 1200 (870:021); junior standing.

GEOG 3220 (970:100) has a prerequisite of GEOG 1120 (970:010) or GEOG 1210 (970:026) or GEOG 2210 (970:028) or GEOG 1110 (970:040) or consent of instructor.

EARTHSCI 3240/5240 (870:124g) has prerequisites of EARTHSCI 1200 (870:021); junior standing.

EARTHSCI 3250/5250 (870:177g) has prerequisites of EARTHSCI 1200 (870:021); junior standing and a prerequisite or corequisite of EARTHSCI 3230/5230 (870:123g).

MGMT 3185 has a prerequisite of MGMT 3153 (150:153).

GEOG 3179 (970:179) has prerequisites of 15 hours of geography at UNI; cumulative GPA of 2.50; junior standing; consent of department.

LYHS 4095 (430:187) has prerequisites of senior standing; consent of Internship Coordinator and a corequisite of LYHS 4090 (430:184).

HPE 4768 (410:168) has prerequisites of HPE 3693 (410:193); senior standing; 2.50 cumulative GPA; consent of Health Promotion and Education Coordinator of Student Field Experiences.

 

Geography Major

The Geography major requires a minimum of 120 total hours to graduate. This total includes Liberal Arts Core requirements and the following specified major requirements, plus electives to complete the minimum of 120 hours.

Required
Geography:
GEOG 1110 (970:040)World Geography3
GEOG 1120 (970:010)Human Geography3
GEOG 1210 (970:026)Physical Geography3
GEOG 1310 (970:061)Digital Earth3
GEOG 4550 (970:180)Senior Seminar in Geography3
GEOG 4560 (970:181)Professional Seminar1
Concentrations (21 hrs)21
Choose in consultation with a Geography faculty advisor. See below for course list and specific requirements for each area. Students must focus on one area; however, they may choose to add an additional concentration(s) to their program, which will be reflected on their transcripts. No more than 6 credit hours can be counted towards multiple concentrations.
Concentration on Globalization and Regional Geography
Professional and Regional Electives
Geographic Information Systems I
Recent Climate Change
Economic Geography
North American Cities
Cooperative Education in Geography
Environmental Geography
Natural Regions of North America
Cultural Geography
Demography and Population Geography
Regional Geography: (Variable Topic)
Historical Geography: (Variable Topic)
Laboratory Methods in Environmental Geography
Statistics for Social Research
Other Geography courses or courses from other departments as approved. Some non-Western cultures courses may be taken upon approval. They must be taken in addition to any LAC required non-Western cultures course.
Concentration on Environmental Systems & Sustainability
Methods Electives
Select three from the following:
Introduction to Statistical Methods
Geographic Information Systems I
GIS Applications: (Variable Topic)
Cooperative Education in Geography
Laboratory Methods in Environmental Geography
Spatial Data Analysis
Professional Electives
Select four from the following:
Introduction to Sustainability
Recent Climate Change
Environmental Geography
Natural Regions of North America
Hydrogeology
Soils and Landscapes
Climatology
Rivers
Natural Hazards and Disasters
Reconstructing Ice Age Environments
Remote Sensing of the Environment
Geomorphology
Concentration on Planning and Development
Methods Electives
Select three from the following:
Introduction to Statistical Methods
Statistics for Social Research
Spatial Data Analysis
Geographic Information Systems I
GIS Applications: (Variable Topic)
Cooperative Education in Geography
Professional Electives
Select four from the following:
Economic Geography
North American Cities
Natural Hazards and Disasters
Locational Analysis for Business
Transportation Planning and Policy
Demography and Population Geography
Regional Analysis and Planning
Regional Geography: (Variable Topic)
Economic Development
Other Geography courses or courses from other departments as approved.
Total Hours37
*

These courses have additional prerequisites as follows: ECON 3249 has prerequisite of  ECON 1041 and ECON 1051.

Other programs occasionally offer courses appropriate to the geography major. The Department of Geography will approve substituting up to two such courses for electives in Geography. Note that only 3 hours of credit in GEOG 3179 (970:179) will count toward electives for the major.

Minor

Geography Minor

Required
Geography:
GEOG 1120 (970:010)Human Geography3
or GEOG 1110 (970:040) World Geography
GEOG 1210 (970:026)Physical Geography3
Electives in geography *12
Total Hours18

 

*

Only 3 hours of credit in GEOG 3179 (970:179) will count toward electives for the minor.

 

Master of Arts Degree Program

Major in Geography

Students interested in enrolling in this program must submit a completed Application for Admission to Graduate Study and should refer to their MyUNIverse Student Center To-Do list or contact the graduate coordinator in the Department of Geography for any other application requirements. Applications should include two letters of recommendation, a brief statement about professional interests and career objectives, and transcripts of both undergraduate and graduate credit.  Graduate information and application for graduate admission can be found at www.grad.uni.edu/admission.

The Graduate Record Examination (General Test) is not required for admission to the program.

Only graduate courses (course number 5000 or above) will apply to a graduate degree, even if the undergraduate course number (4999 or less) is listed. No exceptions will be made.

The major in Geography is available on the thesis (research) and non-thesis (professional) options. A minimum of 32 semester hours, including 6 hours GEOG 6299 (970:299) for thesis research and writing, is required for the thesis option. Students must successfully present a written and oral thesis proposal prior to registration in GEOG 6299 (970:299). A minimum of 38 semester hours, including 3 hours GEOG 6298 (970:298) for completion of a research paper, is required for the non-thesis option. A minimum of 17 hours of 200/6000-level course work is required for both the thesis and non-thesis options.  Any 200/6000-level course offered as a graded course must be taken on a graded basis. Students pursuing either thesis or non-thesis option may select from the following research concentrations: Geographic Information Science and Remote Sensing; Environmental and Earth Systems; Geomorphology; Human Spatial Systems; Planning and Development; Geography Education.

Thesis Option:

Required Geography
GEOG 6000 (970:202)Graduate Colloquium (1 hr; must be taken twice)2
GEOG 6010 (970:294)Nature of Geography and Its Research Methodology3
GEOG 6299 (970:299)Research6
GEOG 6550 (970:280)Seminar3
Electives *18
Total Hours32

*

At least 12 of the 18 hours must be in geography; at least 3 of the 18 hours must be at the 200/6000-level; cannot include GEOG 6598 (970:298); additional hours of GEOG 6299 (970:299) cannot count toward the minimum 18 elective hours.

Non-Thesis Option:

Required Geography
GEOG 6000 (970:202)Graduate Colloquium (1 hr; must be taken twice)2
GEOG 6010 (970:294)Nature of Geography and Its Research Methodology3
GEOG 6550 (970:280)Seminar3
GEOG 6598 (970:298)Directed Research Project3
Electives *27
Total Hours38

*

 At least 15 of the 27 hours must be in geography; at least 6 of the 27 hours must be at the 200/6000-level; cannot include GEOG 6299 (970:299).

 

Each student's program (beyond the required core courses) will be determined by individual needs in consultation with her/his graduate advisor and the graduate coordinator.  For the thesis option, an oral thesis defense is required. For the non-thesis option, a final presentation of the research paper is required.

Program Certificate

The University of Northern Iowa makes available, in addition to traditional programs, the opportunity for students to earn program certificates. Program certificates provide an alternative to programs leading to a degree, a major, or a minor; they certify that an individual has completed a program approved by the university. For information on the following program certificate, contact the Department of Geography or the Office of the Registrar, which serves as the centralized registry.

Certificate in Crime Mapping and Analysis

This interdisciplinary certificate provides students with both theoretical and applied training in spatial mapping and the analysis of crime data. This program certificate is offered jointly by the Department of Geography and the Departmnt of Sociology, Anthropology and Criminology.

Required
Criminology:
CRIM 2134Crime Analysis3
CRIM 4224/5224 (982:124g)Police and Society3
Geography:
GEOG 3310 (970:164)Geographic Information Systems I3
GEOG 4310/5310 (970:170g)GIS Applications: (Variable Topic)3
Sociology:
SOC 1000 (980:001)Introduction to Sociology3
SOC 2020 (980:080)Statistics for Social Research3
or STAT 1772 (800:072) Introduction to Statistical Methods
Total Hours18

Certificate in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Cartography

The Certificate in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Cartography is designed to give the student a substantial background in the fields of geographic information systems and digital cartography. Students completing the program will be familiar with the terminology, techniques and theory of GIS and cartography. Hands-on computer experience is a major feature of many of the courses. The program complements majors in disciplines other than geography while increasing the geography major's preparation for the job market.

May be taken at graduate and undergraduate levels. The student must earn a grade point average of at least 3.00 in the courses taken for the certificate. It is the responsibility of the student to notify the Head of the Department of Geography during or immediately after the semester in which the course requirements will be or have been completed. Up to 3 credits can be transferred from another institution. For graduate credit GEOG 3310 can be substituted with GEOG 6286 Studies in GIS.

Required
Geography:
GEOG 3310 (970:164)Geographic Information Systems I3
or
GEOG 6286 (970:286) Studies in: GIS
GEOG 4320/5320 (970:174g)Geographic Information Systems II3
GEOG 4360/5360 (970:165g)Thematic Cartography3
Electives6
Select two of the following:
Geography:
GIS Applications: (Variable Topic)
Spatial Data Analysis
Global Positioning System Field Survey Methods
Remote Sensing of the Environment
Satellite Image Processing
GIS Programming
Total Hours15

 

Geography: Geographic Information Science-Environmental Science and Policy, B.S. 

Plan of Study Grid
Freshman
FallHour
GEOG 1210 (970:026) Physical Geography 3
GEOG 1211 Physical Geography Laboratory 1
GEOG 1120 (970:010) Human Geography 3
Liberal Arts Core 9
 Hours16
Spring
Liberal Arts Core 9
GEOG 3310 (970:164) Geographic Information Systems I 3
STAT 1772 (800:072) Introduction to Statistical Methods(or SOC 2020) 3
 Hours15
Sophomore
Fall
GIS Application Elective 6
Liberal Arts Core 6
University Elective 3
 Hours15
Spring
Liberal Arts Core 6
University Elective 3
GEOG 4310/5310 (970:170g) GIS Applications: (Variable Topic) 3
Computer Science Cognate (3 hrs.) or GEOG 4390 or CS 3140 3
 Hours15
Junior
Fall
GIS Application Elective 3
Liberal Arts Core 3
University Elective 3
GEOG 4360/5360 (970:165g) Thematic Cartography 3
GEOG 4350/5350 (970:175g) Global Positioning System Field Survey Methods 3
 Hours15
Spring
GIS Application Elective 3
Liberal Arts Core 3
University Electives 6
GEOG 4320/5320 (970:174g) Geographic Information Systems II 3
GEOG 3598 (970:193) Research Experience in Geography 1
 Hours16
Senior
Fall
Geography Elective 3
University Electives 7
GEOG 4550 (970:180) Senior Seminar in Geography 3
GEOG 4560 (970:181) Professional Seminar 1
GEOG 4370/5370 (970:173g) Remote Sensing of the Environment 3
 Hours17
Spring
Liberal Arts Core 6
University Elective 3
Capstone Experience 2
Geospatial Science Electives 6
 Hours17
 Total Hours126

 

 

Geography: Geographic Information Science-Economic Geography and Business, B.S.

Plan of Study Grid
Freshman
FallHour
GEOG 1210 (970:026) Physical Geography 3
GEOG 1211 Physical Geography Laboratory 1
GEOG 1120 (970:010) Human Geography 3
Liberal Arts Core 9
 Hours16
Spring
Liberal Arts Core 9
GEOG 3310 (970:164) Geographic Information Systems I 3
STAT 1772 (800:072) Introduction to Statistical Methods 3
 Hours15
Sophomore
Fall
GIS Application Elective 6
Liberal Arts Core 6
University Elective 3
 Hours15
Spring
Liberal Arts Core 6
University Elective 3
GEOG 4310/5310 (970:170g) GIS Applications: (Variable Topic) 3
Computer Science Cognate (3 hrs.) or GEOG 4390 or CS 3140 3
 Hours15
Junior
Fall
GIS Application Elective 3
Liberal Arts Core 3
University Elective 3
GEOG 4360/5360 (970:165g) Thematic Cartography 3
GEOG 4350/5350 (970:175g) Global Positioning System Field Survey Methods 3
 Hours15
Spring
GIS Application Elective 3
Liberal Arts Core 3
University Elective 6
GEOG 4320/5320 (970:174g) Geographic Information Systems II 3
GEOG 3598 (970:193) Research Experience in Geography 1
 Hours16
Senior
Fall
Geography Elective 3
University Electives 7
GEOG 4550 (970:180) Senior Seminar in Geography 3
GEOG 4560 (970:181) Professional Seminar 1
GEOG 4370/5370 (970:173g) Remote Sensing of the Environment 3
 Hours17
Spring
Liberal Arts Core 6
University Elective 3
Capstone Experience 2
Geospatial Science Electives 6
 Hours17
 Total Hours126

 

 

Geography: Geographic Information Science-Planning and Policy, B.S.

Plan of Study Grid
Freshman
FallHour
GEOG 1210 (970:026) Physical Geography 3
GEOG 1211 Physical Geography Laboratory 1
GEOG 1120 (970:010) Human Geography 3
Liberal Arts Core 9
 Hours16
Spring
Liberal Arts Core 9
GEOG 3310 (970:164) Geographic Information Systems I 3
STAT 1772 (800:072) Introduction to Statistical Methods 3
 Hours15
Sophomore
Fall
GIS Application Elective 6
Liberal Arts Core 6
University Elective 3
 Hours15
Spring
Liberal Arts Core 6
University Elective 3
GEOG 4310/5310 (970:170g) GIS Applications: (Variable Topic) 3
Computer Science Cognate (3 hrs.) or GEOG 4390 or CS 3140 3
 Hours15
Junior
Fall
GIS Application Elective 3
Liberal Arts Core 3
University Elective 3
GEOG 4360/5360 (970:165g) Thematic Cartography 3
GEOG 4350/5350 (970:175g) Global Positioning System Field Survey Methods 3
 Hours15
Spring
GIS Application Elective 3
Liberal Arts Core 3
University Electives 6
GEOG 4320/5320 (970:174g) Geographic Information Systems II 3
GEOG 3598 (970:193) Research Experience in Geography 1
 Hours16
Senior
Fall
Geography Elective 3
University Electives 7
GEOG 4550 (970:180) Senior Seminar in Geography 3
GEOG 4560 (970:181) Professional Seminar 1
GEOG 4370/5370 (970:173g) Remote Sensing of the Environment 3
 Hours17
Spring
Liberal Arts Core 6
University Electives 3
Capstone Experience 2
Geospatial Science Electives 6
 Hours17
 Total Hours126

 

 

Geography-Globalization and Regional Geography, B.A.    

Plan of Study Grid
Freshman
FallHour
GEOG 1110 (970:040) World Geography 3
GEOG 1210 (970:026) Physical Geography 3
Liberal Arts Core 9
 Hours15
Spring
Geography Elective 3
Liberal Arts Core 9
GEOG 1120 (970:010) Human Geography 3
 Hours15
Sophomore
Fall
Geography Elective 3
Liberal Arts Core 6
University Elective 3
GEOG 1310 (970:061) Digital Earth 3
 Hours15
Spring
Liberal Arts Core 6
University Electives 6
GEOG Elective 3
 Hours15
Junior
Fall
Liberal Arts Core 3
University Electives 9
Geography Elective 3
 Hours15
Spring
Liberal Arts Core 3
University Electives 9
Geography Elective 3
 Hours15
Senior
Fall
Geography Elective 3
Capstone Experience 2
University Electives 5
GEOG 4550 (970:180) Senior Seminar in Geography 3
GEOG 4560 (970:181) Professional Seminar 1
 Hours14
Spring
Liberal Arts Core 6
University Electives 7
Geography Elective 3
 Hours16
 Total Hours120

 

 

Geography-Environmental Systems and Sustainability, B.A.

Plan of Study Grid
Freshman
FallHour
GEOG 1110 (970:040) World Geography 3
GEOG 1210 (970:026) Physical Geography 3
Liberal Arts Core 9
 Hours15
Spring
Geography Elective 3
Liberal Arts Core 9
GEOG 1120 (970:010) Human Geography 3
 Hours15
Sophomore
Fall
Geography Elective 3
Liberal Arts Core 6
University Elective 3
GEOG 1310 (970:061) Digital Earth 3
 Hours15
Spring
Liberal Arts Core 6
University Electives 6
GEOG Elective 3
 Hours15
Junior
Fall
Liberal Arts Core 3
University Electives 9
Geography Elective 3
 Hours15
Spring
Liberal Arts Core 3
University Electives 9
Geography Elective 3
 Hours15
Senior
Fall
Geography Elective 3
Capstone Experience 2
University Electives 5
GEOG 4550 (970:180) Senior Seminar in Geography 3
GEOG 4560 (970:181) Professional Seminar 1
 Hours14
Spring
Liberal Arts Core 6
University Electives 7
Geography Elective 3
 Hours16
 Total Hours120

 

 

Geography-Planning and Development, B.A.

Plan of Study Grid
Freshman
FallHour
GEOG 1110 (970:040) World Geography 3
GEOG 1210 (970:026) Physical Geography 3
Liberal Arts Core 9
 Hours15
Spring
Geography Elective 3
Liberal Arts Core 9
GEOG 1120 (970:010) Human Geography 3
 Hours15
Sophomore
Fall
Geography Elective 3
Liberal Arts Core 6
University Elective 3
GEOG 1310 (970:061) Digital Earth 3
 Hours15
Spring
Liberal Arts Core 6
University Electives 6
GEOG Elective 3
 Hours15
Junior
Fall
Liberal Arts Core 3
University Electives 9
Geography Elective 3
 Hours15
Spring
Liberal Arts Core 3
University Electives 9
Geography Elective 3
 Hours15
Senior
Fall
Geography Elective 3
Capstone Experience 2
University Electives 5
GEOG 4550 (970:180) Senior Seminar in Geography 3
GEOG 4560 (970:181) Professional Seminar 1
 Hours14
Spring
Liberal Arts Core 6
University Electives 7
Geography Elective 3
 Hours16
 Total Hours120

Courses

GEOG 1110 (970:040). World Geography — 3 hrs.

Reasons for and consequences of variations over surface of the earth of cultural, economic, physical, and other attributes of places. (Fall, Spring, Summer)

GEOG 1120 (970:010). Human Geography — 3 hrs.

Interaction between peoples and their environments. Spatial patterns and processes of population distribution, characteristics, and movement, human environmental impact, and economic activity. (Fall, Spring, Summer)

GEOG 1210 (970:026). Physical Geography — 3 hrs.

Explanation of patterns of solar energy receipt, atmospheric pressure, winds, and precipitation around the Earth. Emphasis on how solar energy, water, and crustal movements interact to determine characteristics of natural environments on Earth. Prerequisite(s): student must have satisfied university entrance requirements in English and Mathematics. (Fall, Spring, Summer)

GEOG 1211. Physical Geography Laboratory — 1 hr.

Explanation of patterns of solar energy receipt, atmospheric pressure, winds, and precipitation around the Earth. Emphasis on how solar energy, water, and crustal movements interact to determine characteristics of natural environments on Earth. Prerequisite(s): student must have satisfied university entrance requirements in English and Mathematics. Prerequisite(s) or corequisite(s): GEOG 1210 (970:026). (Fall and Spring)

GEOG 1310 (970:061). Digital Earth — 3 hrs.

Survey of maps and map communication principles with a focus on digital maps and dynamic mapping applications. Emphasis on reading, analysis, and interpretation of information on maps. (Fall)

GEOG 2210 (970:028). Recent Climate Change — 3 hrs.

Brief overview of the climate system. Examination of the evidence for recent global and regional climate changes. Analysis of the importance of greenhouse gases, solar changes, aerosols, and cloud changes as contributers to climate changes. (Fall)

GEOG 3110 (970:101). Economic Geography — 3 hrs.

Analysis of changing spatial structure of the economy and inter-relationships between geography and economics within a global perspective. (Odd Springs)

GEOG 3120 (970:104). North American Cities — 3 hrs.

Principles of urban geography, including urban growth and change, structure and dynamics, and analysis and planning in North American cities. (Fall)

GEOG 3179 (970:179). Cooperative Education in Geography — 1-3 hrs.

Practical experience in business, industry, or a government agency. May be repeated for maximum of 3 hours. Offered on credit/no credit basis only. Prerequisite(s): 15 hours of geography at UNI; cumulative GPA of 2.50; junior standing; consent of department. (Fall, Spring, Summer)

GEOG 3186 (970:186). Studies in (Variable Topics).

Studies in (Variable Topics) (Variable)

GEOG 3210 (970:137). Natural Hazards and Disasters — 3 hrs.

Examination of causes, physical processes, and geographic distribution of natural hazards. Discussion of prediction methods and social impact of such disasters. (Spring)

GEOG 3220 (970:100). Environmental Geography — 3 hrs.

Study of geographic dimension of human-environmental interaction. Historical perspectives on Earth's environmental problems, the place of humankind in ecological systems, and issues of sustainable development. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 1120 (970:010) or GEOG 1210 (970:026) or GEOG 2210 (970:028) or GEOG 1110 (970:040) or consent of instructor. (Variable)

GEOG 3230 (970:144). Natural Regions of North America — 3 hrs.

Description and explanation of various landforms of North America. Focus on structures and surface processes that form distinct physical regions of North America (e.g., Rocky Mountains), and kinds of landforms that make each region unique. (Odd Springs)

GEOG 3310 (970:164). Geographic Information Systems I — 3 hrs.

Fundamental concepts and operations of Geographic Information Systems with applications. Lectures are supplemented by computer-based projects. Lecture, 2 periods; lab 2 periods. (Fall and Spring)

GEOG 3580 (970:189). Readings in Geography — 1-3 hrs.

Maximum of 3 hours can be applied toward Geography major. Prerequisite(s): consent of department head. (Fall, Spring, Summer)

GEOG 3598 (970:193). Research Experience in Geography — 1-3 hrs.

Conducting of supervised research or scholarly project. May be repeated for maximum of 6 hours. Prerequisite(s): 15 hours of geography; consent of instructor. (Fall, Spring, Summer)

GEOG 4110/5110 (970:111g). Cultural Geography — 3 hrs.

Examination of the nature and dynamics of culture relative to issues and landscapes that arise out of the interactions between people and their physical and human environments. Special emphasis on socio-economic development and the process of globalization. Prerequisite(s): junior standing. (Odd Springs)

GEOG 4120/5120 (970:119g). Demography and Population Geography — 3 hrs.

Geographic perspectives on demography and migration in a changing world. Patterns, processes, and models of population structure, change, distribution, and movement. Relationships with complex spatial mosaic of socioeconomic and environmental systems. Elements of population analysis and geodemographics. Prerequisite(s): junior standing. (Even Springs)

GEOG 4150/5150 (970:141g). Regional Geography: (Variable Topic) — 3 hrs.

Study of geography of selected region including evolution and dynamics of its cultural, social, economic, political, and environmental dimensions. May be repeated on different regions. Prerequisite(s): junior standing. (Variable)

GEOG 4160/5160 (970:151g). Historical Geography: (Variable Topic) — 3 hrs.

Examination of geographic development of selected region or of significance of geographic factors in historical development of selected topic. May be repeated on different regions or topics. Prerequisite(s): junior standing. (Variable)

GEOG 4170/5170 (970:168g). Regional Analysis and Planning — 3 hrs.

Introduction to processes, methods, and techniques of regional analysis and planning. Planning seen as political and technical process. Prerequisite(s): junior standing. (Spring)

GEOG 4180/5180 (970:121g). Locational Analysis for Business — 3 hrs.

Practical and theoretical use of geographic models and concepts in business. Locational analysis, site selection, market area analysis, and real estate evaluation. Prerequisite(s): junior standing. (Spring)

GEOG 4190/5190 (970:117g). Transportation Planning and Policy — 3 hrs.

Transportation policy goals and objectives, transportation planning processes, characteristics and problems of transportation systems. Use of current methodologies and techniques to support decision making related to transportation policy, operations, and management. Prerequisite(s): junior standing. (Fall)

GEOG 4210/5210 (970:127g). Climatology — 3 hrs.

Fundamentals of physical and dynamic climatology. Application of fundamentals to classification and mapping of global distribution of climatic types, and reconstruction of past climates. Prerequisite(s): junior standing. (Even Falls)

GEOG 4220/5220 (970:126g). Soils and Landscapes — 3 hrs.

Study of soils as result of inter-relationships among climates, ecosystems, and landscapes of the world. Soil formation, distribution, properties, and classification, and applications of soil geography to other disciplines. Lecture, 2 periods; lab/field trips, 2 periods. Prerequisite(s): EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031) or GEOG 1210 (970:026); junior standing. (Odd Falls)

GEOG 4230/5230 (970:129g). Rivers — 3 hrs.

Runoff processes, stream discharge, sediment transport, drainage basins, properties of alluvium, channel changes, floodplains, terraces, human adjustments to floods, human impacts on rivers, and river water quality. Prerequisite(s): junior standing. (Even Springs)

GEOG 4240/5240 (970:155g). Reconstructing Ice Age Environments — 3 hrs.

Study of earth systems, long-term environmental change, and methods used to detect such change. Evidence of environmental changes resulting from glacial-interglacial conditions and how large scale changes in Earth climate systems affect environmental systems. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 1210 (970:026); GEOG 2210 (970:028); EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031) or consent of instructor; junior standing. (Even Falls)

GEOG 4250/5250 (970:185g). Laboratory Methods in Environmental Geography — 3 hrs.

Intended to make students proficient in the common laboratory techniques used for analyzing soil and sediments for environmental geography. Prerequisite(s): EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031) or GEOG 1210 (970:026); junior standing. (Even Springs)

GEOG 4260. Environmental Resource Management — 3 hrs.

This course provides an overview of issues and training in the accepted approaches to contemporary environmental management and sustainability, both in general and in the context of the state of Iowa. The objective of this course is to provide the theoretical background for critical analysis of resource management issues and applied problems in both for-profit and non-profit contexts, including but not limited to, government agencies, public park areas, public and private conservancies, and corporate environmental management contexts. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 1210 (970:026) or EARTHSCI 1300 (870:031); BIOL 2051 (840:051); or consent of instructor. (Fall)

GEOG 4310/5310 (970:170g). GIS Applications: (Variable Topic) — 3 hrs.

GIS techniques to conduct spatial analysis of social and environmental topics. Focus on an individual research project and associated functional capabilities of GIS packages. Variable social/environmental focus. May be taken more than once for credit. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 3310 (970:164); junior standing. (Spring)

GEOG 4320/5320 (970:174g). Geographic Information Systems II — 3 hrs.

Technical issues in GIS and ways of implementing GIS as a decision support system for solving problems of a spatial nature in selected fields. Lecture, 2 periods; lab, 2 periods. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 3310 (970:164) or consent of instructor; junior standing. (Spring)

GEOG 4335/5335. Web Mapping and GIS — 3 hrs.

An applied course examining state of the art web mapping and Geographic Information Systems server technologies. Students will gain hands on experience utilizing a variety of cloud-based technologies and simple scripting techniques to build web mapping applications and visualizations. Prior programming experience is not required. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 3310 (970:164). (Odd Falls)

GEOG 4340/5340 (970:160g). Spatial Data Analysis — 3 hrs.

Analysis and interpretation of spatial point processes, area, geostatistical and spatial interaction data. Applications to geographic data in real estate, biology, environmental and agricultural sciences using S-Plus software. Prerequisite(s): STAT 1774 (800:064) or STAT 1772 (800:072) or SOC 2020 (980:080); junior standing. (Same as STAT 3778/5778 (800:171g)) (Odd Springs)

GEOG 4350/5350 (970:175g). Global Positioning System Field Survey Methods — 3 hrs.

Utilization of global positioning system (GPS) to collect, process, and analyze geographic data. GPS theory and techniques including field survey experiences. Applications within an integrated geographic information system (GIS) framework. Prerequisite(s): junior standing. (Fall)

GEOG 4360/5360 (970:165g). Thematic Cartography — 3 hrs.

Application of cartographic principles and techniques in compiling thematic maps. Emphasis on cartographic production; essentials of computer mapping and map reproduction. Lecture, 2 periods; lab, 2 periods. Prerequisite(s): junior standing. (Spring)

GEOG 4370/5370 (970:173g). Remote Sensing of the Environment — 3 hrs.

Examination of physical basis of Remote Sensing and various sensing systems available for monitoring, mapping, measuring, and identifying phenomena on the earth's surface. Emphasis on non-photographic systems operating within the electromagnetic continuum. Various modes of multispectral scanning. Lecture, 2 periods; lab, 2 periods. Prerequisite(s): junior standing. (Fall)

GEOG 4380/5380. Satellite Image Processing — 3 hrs.

Scientific and computational foundation of digital image processing techniques for extraction of earth resources information from remotely sensed satellite data. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 4370/5370 (970:173g); junior standing. (Even Springs)

GEOG 4390/5390. GIS Programming — 3 hrs.

An applied course in Python programming for ArcGIS automation and customization. Students will gain hands-on experience with ArcGIS Geoprocessing framework, basic programming concepts, Python fundamentals, and writing Python scripts for geoprocessing and map automation. Prior programming experience is not required. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 3310 (970:164) and 4310 or 4320 or consent of instructor. (Even Falls)

GEOG 4550 (970:180). Senior Seminar in Geography — 3 hrs.

Examination of specific topics through application of geographic principles and analysis. Discussion of readings during first half semester and student presentations during second half semester. Research paper required. Prerequisite(s): 21 hours of geography. (Spring)

GEOG 4560 (970:181). Professional Seminar — 1 hr.

Issues and opportunities involved in transition from undergraduate to professional life. Design and completion of essential documents including resume, professional portfolio, graduate program applications, and standardized examinations. Prerequisite(s): junior standing. (Fall)

GEOG 6000 (970:202). Graduate Colloquium — 1 hr.

Weekly presentations by a faculty member, visitor, or student. May be repeated for maximum of 2 hours. (Fall and Spring)

GEOG 6010 (970:294). Nature of Geography and Its Research Methodology — 3 hrs.

Analysis of various currents of thought concerning the nature and scope of geography and the way they have changed over time. Examination of various geographic research methodologies in the context of these philosophical issues. (Spring)

GEOG 6285 (970:285). Readings in Geography — 1-3 hrs.

May be repeated. Prerequisite(s): consent of department head. (Fall, Spring, Summer)

GEOG 6286 (970:286). Studies In: (Variable Topics).

Studies In: (Variable Topics) (Variable)

GEOG 6299 (970:299). Research.

Prerequisite(s): consent of department. (Fall, Spring, Summer)

GEOG 6550 (970:280). Seminar — 3 hrs.

Topics listed in Schedule of Classes. May be repeated on different topics. (Variable)

GEOG 6598 (970:298). Directed Research Project — 3 hrs.

Research leading to research paper for students in the non-thesis option. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 6010 (970:294). (Fall, Spring, Summer)